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fishing

Subject: History

Numbers of Mediterranean fish vary from year to year: gluts occur, but dearth is so frequent that it is unwise to make fish protein more than a supplement to a subsistence diet. The ...

fishing

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The Oxford Dictionary of Idioms (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
49 words

... a fishing expedition a search or investigation undertaken with the hope, though not the stated purpose, of discovering information. 2013 Idiot Savant No Right Turn The police broke the law here, using a search warrant essentially to mount a fishing expedition rather than seize specified items of...

Fishing

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The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
1,552 words
Illustration(s):
2

... . Long considered a humble occupation, fishing has been part of human activity in the Near East since the beginnings of settled habitation, either temporary or permanent, near bodies of water. Although fishing and hunting may have evolved at about the same time and may share origins, the mythology of hunting involves the braver “royal huntsman,” whereas fishing involves those of more humble social standing. In an Egyptian papyrus from 2000 bce , the Satire of the Artisans, a pupil is warned by his teacher, a scribe, about the hardships and dangers of...

fishing

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World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
182 words

... and fisheries Harvesting fish for commercial uses. Commercial fishing boats and fleets employ several methods for catching fish, including pole and line, purse seine, gill netting, trawling and stunning. About 70% of the commercial fish catch is taken in the Northern Hemisphere, with the greatest catches taken between the Philippines and Japan. Other fishing areas include the North Atlantic, North Pacific and North Sea. The most significant Southern Hemisphere areas are the Pacific coast of Peru and the South African coast. Herrings, sardines and...

Fishing

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The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
319 words

... (ἁλεία). Peasants living in villages along the seacoast, or near a river, marsh, or pond, engaged in fishing to secure an important source of protein in their diet . The Great Lavra on Mt. Athos possessed, among its autourgia , two canals for fishing, a fishing boat ( karabion ), and 60 fishponds ( vivaria ), while in the list of its paroikoi 56 boats and 374 vivaria are mentioned ( Svoronos in Lavra 4:163); the peasants paid a rent ( haleia ) for the right to fish. Another rent for fishing was called halieutike tritomoiria or tetramoiria ...

Fishing

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The Oxford Encyclopedia of Maritime History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Military History
Length:
7,526 words
Illustration(s):
2

...fishing activity and protected aquatic resources. Some fishers lived in relatively benign environments where fishing did not require sophisticated technologies or conservation management practices. This was attributable in part to smaller populations exploiting abundant aquatic and terrestrial resources, passive protection of stock outside fishing range, a greater variety of fishing sites, and the combination of fishing with other subsistence strategies. However, intensive exploitation of fisheries did occur, which depleted fishing grounds, and fishing’s...

Fishing

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Annie Hauck-Lawson

Savoring Gotham: A Food Lover’s Companion to New York City

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
640 words
Illustration(s):
1

...through local marine studies. Whether putting a line into a park lake or surfcasting from a beach, fishing can be very enjoyable, however and wherever it is done in the city. Piers, party boats, bridges, and shorelines still beckon anglers for a nice time on New York waters. If it is not possible to go fishing yourself, Robert Maass conveys the enthusiasm of fishing in New York’s vital waters in his 2003 film Gotham Fish Tales . Shad Fishing on the Hudson , an 1846 oil on canvas painting by William Tylee Ranne ( 1813–1857 ). Nineteenth-century...

Fishing

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Encyclopedia of Global Change

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Science and technology, Environmental Science, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
3,882 words
Illustration(s):
7

...and their growth and death by fishing and by natural causes. From such information, yield (or catch in weight) per recruit can be estimated as a function of fishing mortality. It has to be expressed in this way because recruitment is so variable. Fish such as cod or plaice can grow by an order of magnitude during their exploited lives, and there is a maximum in their yield per recruit curves. At high fishing rates the fish are caught before they have had time to grow very much. Growth overfishing is that at which the fishing mortality is greater than that at...

fishing

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The Oxford Companion to Irish History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,021 words

... . Ireland occupies a position of rare advantage in relation to the fertile fishing grounds of the North Atlantic. Opportunities existed for several different types of fishery pursuit, including land‐based operations involving the capture of crabs and lobsters; land and seafisheries for shellfish and molluscs, the latter important as a source of bait for the line‐fishing industry as well as a source of saleable food; seasonal pelagic fishing for migratory species such as mackerel, herring, and, in southern waters, pilchards; and all‐year‐round boat fishing...

fishing

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The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
434 words

... Numbers of Mediterranean fish vary from year to year: gluts occur, but dearth is so frequent that it is unwise to make fish protein more than a supplement to a subsistence diet. The nutritional usefulness is greatly increased by drying and salting. Even in times of glut, and assuming very favourable conditions for fishing, total yields cannot have made an important contribution to the protein needs of even small ancient populations, compared with cereal or legume staples ( see food and drink ). They did, however, play a significant role in diversifying...

Fishing

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The Oxford Encyclopedia of Mesoamerican Cultures

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,968 words

...fishing peoples and their maritime cultures was helped for a while by the advent of the international export trade in seafood beginning in the late nineteenth century, particularly in Mexico. Then, during the Mexican Revolution ( 1910–1924 ), there was a near cessation of seafood production in many coastal areas. After the hostilities ended and during the era of postrevolutionary reform, government-sanctioned fishing cooperatives were established, mainly for purposes of producing seafood for export. From the 1930s to the 1960s, these inshore coastal fishing...

fishing

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Nicholas Purcell

The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
633 words

... Fish populations of the Mediterranean are less abundant than those of the oceans. Gradients of temperature and salinity resulting from the depth and the closure of the ecosystem, however, promote the life cycle of several important species on the continental shelves (but see food and drink ). The migratory habits of many important species bring them into contact with many Mediterranean islands and coastlands. Since the routes of the shoals are far from predictable, places where their movements are topographically constrained (such as straits like...

fishing

fishing   Reference library

Nicholas Purcell

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
665 words

... Fish populations of the Mediterranean are less abundant than those of the oceans. Gradients of temperature and salinity resulting from the depth and the closure of the ecosystem, however, promote the life cycle of several important species on the continental shelves (but see food and drink ). The migratory habits of many important species bring them into contact with many Mediterranean islands and coastlands. Since the routes of the shoals are far from predictable, places where their movements are topographically constrained (such as straits like...

Fishing

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Oxford Dictionary of Humorous Quotations (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
263 words

... Fishing Fishing If fishing is a religion, fly fishing is high church. Tom Brokaw 1940 – American journalist : in International Herald Tribune 10 September 1991 fishing is a religion fishing is a religion fly fishing is high church I love fishing. It's like transcendental meditation with a punch-line. Billy Connolly 1942 – Scottish comedian : Gullible's Travels (1982) transcendental meditation with transcendental meditation meditation with a punch-line Fishing is unquestionably a form of madness but, happily, for the once-bitten...

Fishing

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Oxford Essential Quotations (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
183 words

... Fishing see also Field Sports If fishing is a religion, fly fishing is high church. Tom Brokaw 1940 –   American journalist in International Herald Tribune 10 September 1991 Fishing is unquestionably a form of madness but, happily, for the once-bitten there is no cure. Lord Home 1903 – 95 British Conservative statesman The Way the Wind Blows (1976) All men are equal before fish. Herbert Hoover 1874 – 1964 American Republican statesman , 31st President 1929–33 Addresses Upon The American Road (1955) Fly fishing may be a very...

fishing

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A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

... Catching fish, for food or as a field sport , in freshwater or at...

Fishing

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Debra Ann BALLINGER

Berkshire Encyclopedia of World Sport (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
3,547 words

...can inhibit saltwater ice fishing. Ice fishing on salt water is typically done on estuaries and other relatively protected bodies of water. Fishing is done with a special rig through a hole cut in the ice. Once a low-key activity, ice fishing has developed into a highly technological sport in some locales, with fishermen using gasoline-powered ice augers to cut multiple holes, sonar and GPS to locate fish, and constructing large “shanties” on the ice in which to keep warm while fishing. Saltwater and Big-Game Fishing Big-game fishing emerged as a competitive...

fishing

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Mike Allaby

Dictionary Plus Science and Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology
Length:
138 words

... The activity of catching wild fish by angling, hand-gathering, trapping, spearing, or netting. Commercially, fish are caught by many methods, using either nets or lines. Netting techniques include: trawling, which involves towing a large, bag-shaped net; drift netting, which involves setting a net that hangs in the water like a curtain and catches fish by their gills; seining, in which a large net is used to surround fish; and purse-seining, in which a seine net is lowered to form a circle enclosing the fish and the bottom is then closed to trap the fish...

game fishing

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A Dictionary of Agriculture and Land Management

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
76 words

...fishing The term used for fishing or angling for game fish which includes trout, sea trout, salmon , and char. This is distinct from coarse fish, which refers to all other freshwater fish which are not normally eaten, although increasingly game fishing practises catch and release to help conserve fish stocks. The commonest type of game fishing is fly fishing . Game fish can also be caught by spinning, i.e. using flashing metal or...

fishing-house

fishing-house   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
44 words

...-house Waterside pavilion , often with architectural pretensions, from which persons could fish. Examples include the Palladian ‘tabernacles’ at Studley Royal, Yorks. ( 1727 ). R. Adam ’s combined fishing- and boat-house at Kedleston, Derbys. ( 1771 ), also contains a cold...

fishing admirals

fishing admirals   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Canadian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
107 words

... admirals . In the Newfoundland migratory fishery, c. 1500–1786 , fishing admirals were not naval officers but rather the first fishing masters to arrive in each harbour every spring, authorized to take first choice of ‘fishing rooms’ or shore space, and to settle disputes among subsequently arriving crews, on the basis of the Western Charters , royal patents that regulated the fishery. Newfoundland historical mythology characterizes them as corrupt and cruel. After 1680 , their authority was gradually displaced by the Royal Navy, particularly in...

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