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fireside chat

In the US, the informal broadcasts made by Franklin Roosevelt (1882–1945) during his presidency on topics of national interest.

fireside chat

fireside chat   Reference library

The Oxford Guide to the United States Government

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
271 words

... chat A fireside chat is a Presidential address to the nation characterized by a warm, intimate, and informal tone. It is designed to build confidence in the President's policies. The tradition of the fireside chat was begun by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on March 12, 1933 , speaking to the nation by radio shortly after his inauguration, in the midst of the Great Depression. He discussed the banking crisis, the bank holiday he had declared on March 6 and its results, and his plan to reopen banks the next day. Entitled “An Intimate Talk with the...

fireside chat

fireside chat noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
14 words
fireside chat

fireside chat noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
51 words
fireside chat

fireside chat  

Reference type:
Overview Page
In the US, the informal broadcasts made by Franklin Roosevelt (1882–1945) during his presidency on topics of national interest.
fireside chats

fireside chats   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

... chats in the US, the informal broadcasts made by Franklin Roosevelt ( 1882–1945 ) during his presidency on topics of national...

Fireside chats

Fireside chats   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Modern Phrase & Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

... chats . The name adopted by President F.D. Roosevelt ( see fdr ) for his broadcasts to the American people on topics of national interest and importance. They began in 1933 and became customary during his...

speech writers, Presidential

speech writers, Presidential  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The White House employs a staff of aides who draft Presidential speeches, messages to Congress, proclamations, executive orders, greetings to White House visitors, eulogies, opening statements at ...
Gaston Doumergue

Gaston Doumergue  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(b. Aigues Vives, Aug. 1863; d. Aigues Vives, 18 June 1937)French; President of the Republic 1924–31, Prime Minister 1913, 1934 Born in 1863, Doumergue studied law and became a colonial magistrate ...
public opinion

public opinion  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The aggregation of the views of individuals in society. The idea of public opinion has roots in Western political thought that go back to the eighteenth century, although related ideas go back ...
Franklin Delano Roosevelt

Franklin Delano Roosevelt  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1882–1945)US Democratic statesman and thirty-second president of the USA (1933–45). His ‘New Deal’ policies helped US recovery from the economic depression of the 1930s.Born into a prominent New ...
Bang, Billy

Bang, Billy (20 Sept 1947)   Reference library

Barry Long

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
344 words

...L. Jeske : “Billy Bang,” DB , xlviii/9 (1981), 26 [incl. discography] K. Whitehead : “String Trio of New York: a Decade of Perserverance,” DB , liv/11 (1987), 26 [incl. discography] G. Lock : “Strings can really hang you up the most,” Wire , no. 57 (1988), 26 F. Jung : “A Fireside Chat with Billy Bang” 〈 http://www.allaboutjazz.com/php/article.php?id=711 〉 Barry...

Doumergue, Gaston

Doumergue, Gaston (Aug. 1863)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
301 words

...of those who regarded any attempt to constrain the powers of parliament as an assault on the principles of Republican democracy. By November 1934 his usefulness to the system parties of the Third Republic was at an end. Broadcasts to the nation, modelled on Roosevelt 's fireside chats, allowed the political parties to accuse him of incipient Fascism. His coalition government fell apart and he was compelled to...

speech writers, Presidential

speech writers, Presidential   Reference library

The Oxford Guide to the United States Government

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
452 words

...and Hopkins ), Samuel Rosenman ( The Roosevelt I Knew ), Emmet Hughes ( Ordeal of Power , which is about his years with Eisen-hower), Theodore Sorensen ( Kennedy ), Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. ( A Thousand Days ), and William Safire ( Before the Fall ). See also Fireside chat ; Gettysburg Address ; Messages, Presidential ; News conferences, Presidential ; State of the Union address ; Washington's Farewell Address ; White House Office Sources Peggy Noonan , What I Saw at the Revolution (New York: Random House, 1990). Jeffrey Tulis , The...

New Deal

New Deal   Reference library

William M. Wiecek

The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Law
Length:
495 words

...Depression was characterized by an attitude of experimentation and a confidence that sufficient constitutional power already existed to enable the states and the nation to surmount economic difficulties. The Constitution was “so simple and practical,” Roosevelt averred in a fireside chat, “that it can always meet extraordinary needs.” The first hundred days of Roosevelt's administration produced a freshet of federal regulatory agencies and legislation, including the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933 (AAA) and the National Industrial Recovery Act of 1933 ...

Roosevelt, Franklin D(elano)

Roosevelt, Franklin D(elano) (1882–1945)   Quick reference

Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History
Length:
638 words

...by guaranteeing bank deposits. Codes of practice were introduced to ensure better working conditions and trade unions were given greater scope to organize. Throughout, Roosevelt cultivated the image of a homely approachable man by means of frequent press conferences and his ‘fireside chats’ to millions of radio listeners. Re-elected in 1936 , he faced a growing conservative backlash and a further crisis in the still staggering economy. But soon after World War II broke out in 1939 the ‘war economy’ finally put an end to massive unemployment. During the...

public opinion

public opinion   Reference library

The Oxford Guide to the United States Government

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,429 words

...polls, taking advantage of polls already being conducted by the Department of Agriculture about support for the New Deal. He also used private pollsters under contract to the Democratic National Committee. To influence public opinion in favor of the New Deal, he used radio “fireside chats,” provided movie theaters with newsreel footage of New Deal programs, and had government agencies send press releases about his programs to newspapers. He created public information offices in New Deal agencies and coordinated them through the White House Press Office. Modern...

AN OVERVIEW

AN OVERVIEW  

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

...of an executive branch that grew from 239,476 civilian employees in 1901 to 2,482,666 in 1951 . Twentieth-century presidents also relied on popular leadership skills to enhance their power. Theodore Roosevelt ’s concept of a “bully pulpit” and Franklin Roosevelt ’s “fireside chats” became the models for other great communicators such as John F. Kennedy and Ronald Reagan , who used the new medium of television very effectively. The increased reliance on popular leadership, however, weakened the president’s ties to po-litical parties and to Congress....

Propaganda and Public Relations, Government

Propaganda and Public Relations, Government   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...D. Roosevelt promoted his policies directly through public press conferences and “fireside chats,” radio addresses to the American people. His promotion of the Lend‐Lease Act and Agreements in 1940–41 is an example. At a press conference in December 1940 , Roosevelt introduced the idea of giving away war material to those fighting Nazi Germany with a simple analogy: “Suppose my neighbor's house is on fire and I have a length of garden hose …” In a “fireside chat” two weeks later, the president invoked a larger moral purpose: “America must be the...

PERRAULT, Charles

PERRAULT, Charles (1628–1703)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Children's Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
1,106 words

... Histoires ou contes du temps passé, avec des Moralitez . Before the end of the year the book had been reprinted several times. The tales it contained— La Belle au bois dormant, Le Petit Chaperon rouge ( Little Red Riding-Hood ), La Barbe bleue ( Bluebeard ), Le Maistre Chat, ou le Chat botté ( Puss In Boots ), Les Fées (‘The Fairies’, often known as Diamonds and Toads ), Cendrillon, ou la petite pantoufle de verre ( Cinderella ), Riquet à la houppe , and Le Petit Poucet ( Hop O’ My Thumb )—quickly became the standard versions of stories on these...

Wright, George Ernest

Wright, George Ernest (1909–1974)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
1,304 words

... 34, Joshua 24, Judges 9, and Josephus on the Samaritans. Wright, G. Ernest . “ What Archaeology Can and Cannot Do. ” Biblical Archaeologist 34 (1971): 70–75. Wright, G. Ernest . “ The ‘New’ Archaeology. ” Biblical Archaeologist 38 (1975): 104–115. Posthumously published “fireside chat” prepared for delivery to staff at Idalion in the summer of 1974, in which Wright emerges as a “steadfast humanist.” Edward F....

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