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fingerprint

(fing-er-print) the distinctive pattern of minute ridges in the outer horny layer of the skin. Every individual has a unique pattern of loops, whorls, or arches. See also ...

fingerprint

fingerprint n.   Quick reference

Concise Medical Dictionary (9 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Medicine and health
Length:
56 words
Illustration(s):
1

... n. the distinctive pattern of minute ridges in the outer horny layer of the skin. Every individual has a unique pattern of loops (70%), whorls (25%), or arches (5%) (see illustration). Fingerprint patterns can show the presence of inherited disorders. See also dermatoglyphics . Fingerprint . Ridges on the hand, with details of the most common fingerprints...

fingerprint

fingerprint   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
49 words

... Pattern of ridges in the dermis or deeper skin on the end of the fingers and thumbs. Fingerprints are specific to an individual and remain unchanged in pattern throughout life. In 1901 , the British police force introduced fingerprinting as a means of identifying criminals. See also forensic...

fingerprint

fingerprint   Reference library

Australian Law Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
58 words

...fingerprint The impression of a person’s fingertips left behind when they touch some surface. Because they are, like toe and sole prints, unique to each person (even identical twins have different prints), they provide identification evidence in criminal proceedings. Police are entitled to take the fingerprints of any person who is under arrest, and fingerprint evidence is...

fingerprint

fingerprint   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Internet (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...fingerprint The sequence of activities that a particular cracker carries out when attempting to make an illegal intrusion into a network. While such a sequence does not have the uniqueness of physical fingerprints it is clear that certain crackers can be identified by their sequence of attempts to enter a...

fingerprint

fingerprint   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
107 words

... Collective name for various means employed to catalogue hand-press books in order to identify variant *issues or *states as belonging to the same *edition or, alternatively, to separate apparently identical reprints and to facilitate the recognition of damaged or incomplete copies. Although the principle can be traced back to *Madan , the development of fingerprint s derives from computer cataloguing in the 1970s . Two basic methods are used: either characters taken from fixed points inside the text, or those in the line directly above given...

fingerprint

fingerprint n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Nursing (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Medicine and health
Length:
33 words

...fingerprint [ fing -er-print] n. the distinctive pattern of minute ridges in the outer horny layer of the skin. Every individual has a unique pattern of loops, whorls, or arches. See also dermatoglyphics ....

fingerprint

fingerprint   Quick reference

Mike Allaby

Dictionary Plus Science and Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology
Length:
59 words

... A print produced by the patterns of friction ridges on the pads of human digits, and also on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet. These patterns do not change over a person’s lifetime; so many variants are possible that fingerprints are almost unique, enabling them to be used to identify an individual. Mike...

fingerprint

fingerprint   Reference library

A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, History
Length:
272 words

... Fingerprints and thumbprints are the marks or stains left on paper, or on any other surface, when handled, by the ridges on the skin at the tips of the fingers and thumb respectively. As any aficionado of police investigation fiction or films knows, the pattern of ridges is unique to each individual. Because of this—ever since Scotland Yard secured its first conviction on purely fingerprint evidence in 1902 and adopted the Galton-Henry system in 1907 —fingerprints are capable of being classified and used as a forensic means of identification. This...

fingerprint biometrics

fingerprint biometrics   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Internet (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...fingerprint biometrics The use of fingerprint characteristics to allow access to a networked...

fingerprint check

fingerprint check   Reference library

Australian Law Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
24 words

...fingerprint check A fingerprint comparison conducted by police for criminal investigation and forensic purposes. See national police check ; police cheque ; working with children check...

genetic fingerprint

genetic fingerprint n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...fingerprint n . A unique pattern of repeated DNA sequences discovered by restriction mapping and used in genetic fingerprinting...

DNA fingerprint

DNA fingerprint   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Ecology (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...fingerprint A set of DNA-based characters which are in a combination unique, or nearly so, to an individual organism. See also satellite DNA...

patent fingerprint

patent fingerprint   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
12 words

...fingerprint The opposite of a latent fingerprint ; one that is...

plastic fingerprint

plastic fingerprint   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
25 words

...fingerprint A fingerprint that is an impression or indentation as opposed to a pattern of fingerprint residue left on a surface such as...

fingerprint developers

fingerprint developers   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
61 words

... developers Materials, chemicals, or reagents used to visualize latent fingerprints so that they can be clearly imaged for searching and comparison. Developers are selected based on the substrate characteristics such as colour and porosity. Examples include fingerprint powders , chemical developers such as DFO and ninhydrin , chemical fuming agents such as cyanoacrylate (Super Glue) and nanoparticles such as cadmium sulphide...

latent fingerprint

latent fingerprint   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
74 words

...fingerprint Strictly defined, fingerprints that are barely visible or not visible. However, the term ‘latent prints’ is often used to refer to any type of fingerprint regardless of visibility. Latent prints can be visualized with powders, chemical developers, physical developers, and many other techniques. Once developed, images are taken of the prints for submission to automated fingerprint identification systems (AFIS) that search databases and seek potential matches. See also AFIS ; IDENT1 ; Mayfield case...

fingerprint powders

fingerprint powders   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
79 words

... powders Powders that are dusted onto latent fingerprints to improve visualization. The powders adhere to the oily components found in the fingerprint residue. Powders are selected based on colour to maximize contrast with the background. If a print were on a white surface such as a countertop, a grey or black powder would be selected. Additionally, powders may be magnetic and applied with a magnetic brush. Powders are also available that have other desirable properties such as fluorescence...

fingerprint region

fingerprint region   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
64 words

... region The region in an infrared spectrum (IR) that spans the wavenumber region (cm -1 region) between ~1,500 cm -1 and 700 cm -1 . This region of the spectrum shows a complex pattern of radiation absorbance that is considered to be sufficient in almost every case to definitively identify a chemical compound. For such identification, the sample that is analysed must be pure or nearly...

DNA fingerprint technique

DNA fingerprint technique   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Genetics (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
172 words

...In violent crimes, blood, hair, semen, and other tissues from the assailant are often left at the scene. The DNA fingerprinting technique provides the forensic scientist with a means of identifying the assailant from a group of suspects. See Appendix C , 1985, Jeffreys, Wilson and Thien; alphoid sequences , DNA forensics , DNA polymorphism , fingerprinting technique , genetic marker , microsatellites , oligonucleotide fingerprinting , restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) , variable-number tandem repeats (VNTRs)...

National Automated Fingerprint Identification System

National Automated Fingerprint Identification System   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law Enforcement (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Law
Length:
52 words

...Automated Fingerprint Identification System ( NAFIS ) A central fingerprint database that can be addressed by any police force in England and Wales. As a result each force now maintains its own records and possesses the fingerprints taken by the force. NAFIS also contains the Police Elimination Database PEDb of police officers’ fingerprints...

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