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female gaze

1. A term coined by feminists in response to the claims made by Mulvey that the conventions established in classical Hollywood films required all spectators, regardless of ...

female gaze

female gaze   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
219 words

...the gaze need not be confined to males. 2. The ways in which women and girls look at other females, at males, and at things in the world. This concerns the kinds of looking involved, and how these may be related to identification , objectification , subjectivity , and the performance and construction of gender . See also gaze . 3. The gendered attention anticipated in visual and audiovisual texts addressed to female viewers . http://www.vulture.com/2018/08/how-do-we-define-the-female-gaze-in-2018.html How do we define the female gaze? ...

female gaze

female gaze  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. A term coined by feminists in response to the claims made by Mulvey that the conventions established in classical Hollywood films required all spectators, regardless of their sex, to identify with ...
The Islamic Veil (Hijab)

The Islamic Veil (Hijab)   Reference library

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
1,273 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...and the women of the believers to draw their cloaks close round them (when they go abroad). That will be better, so that they may be recognized and not annoyed. Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful.” (Al-Ahzab: 59) He also says: “And tell the believing women to lower their gaze and be modest, and to display of their adornment only that which is apparent, and to draw their veils over their bosoms.” (An-Nur: 31) Also, the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said to Asma’, daughter of Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with them): “O Asma’! Once a girl reaches...

Islam and the Challenge of the Modern World

Islam and the Challenge of the Modern World   Reference library

Shabbir Akhtar

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
6,182 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...the service of rediscovering the old Islam, not of inventing a new heresy. The only dogmatism which is charming and profound, in religions as in individuals, is the one at once aware both of itself as well as of alternative patterns of belief. To learn to face fully the skeptical gaze of modernity is not a license for any wholesale disowning of authentically Muslim dogmas in the tradition. It is only because we today still wish to retain Islam as a complete vision that we need to identify, record and religiously contend with various new theological puzzles....

Poetry

Poetry   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,432 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...to reveal something for which nature and language itself can only provide veils and suggestions. Life of Life! thy lips enkindle  With their love the breath between them; And thy smiles before they dwindle  Make the cold air fire; then screen them In those looks, where whoso gazes Faints, entangled in their mazes. Synaesthesia dominates the great lyric which these lines initiate. A confusion of the senses signals the presence of a spiritual voice ‘IN THE AIR, singing’, as the stage direction in the text indicates. The passage is only in the most superficial...

Ecclesiasticus, or The Wisdom of Jesus Son of Sirach

Ecclesiasticus, or The Wisdom of Jesus Son of Sirach   Reference library

John J. Collins and John J. Collins

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
38,105 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...The enticements of the singing girl ( 9:4 ) recall the story of Joseph the son of Tobias, who allegedly fell in love with a dancing girl during a visit to Alexandria (Jos. Ant. 12.186–9). The motif of gazing at a virgin recalls the elders in the story of Susanna, but cf. earlier Job 31:1 where Job protests his innocence in this respect. Descriptions of female beauty become somewhat more common in Hellenistic Jewish writings than in the HB—e.g. contrast the description of Sarah in the Genesis Apocryphon from Qumran (1Qap Gen 20 ) with the text of Genesis....

Essay with Commentary on Post-Biblical Jewish Literature

Essay with Commentary on Post-Biblical Jewish Literature   Reference library

Philip S. Alexander

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
48,106 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...supplements of lacunae in MS. A. Bible Interpretation 1. Pesher Habakkuk (1QpHab), 11:2–12:10 : The Trials of the Saints Foretold in Scripture ( =Hab 2:15–17 ) ( 11:2 ) Woe to him who gives his neighbours to drink, pouring out (3) his venom till they are drunk, so that he may gaze at their appointed festivals ( Hab 2:15 ). (4) Interpreted this concerns the Wicked Priest who (5) pursued after the Teacher of Righteousness so that he might confuse him with his venomous (6) fury in the house of his exile. And at the time appointed for rest on (7) the Day of...

Extra-canonical early Christian literature

Extra-canonical early Christian literature   Reference library

J. K. Elliott and J. K. Elliott

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
30,133 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...sea, ‘John, if you were not mine, I would let you marry’; who for two years blinded me, letting me mourn and be dependent on you; who in the third year opened up the spiritual eyes, and gave me back my visible eyes; who, when I regained my sight, disclosed to me the repugnance of gazing upon a woman; who delivered me from temporary show, and guided me to eternal life; who separated me from the foul madness of the flesh; who snatched me from bitter death, and presented me only to you; who silenced the secret disease of the soul, and cut off its open deed; who...

Ezekiel

Ezekiel   Reference library

J. Galambush and J. Galambush

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
34,333 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...man-eater; Judah the luxuriant vine a dried-up twig; Jerusalem the faithful bride a perverse prostitute; and Tyre the merchant ship a foundering wreck. Throughout Ezekiel a strong visual sensibility predominates. Ezekiel sees visions that in turn contain seeing eyes and old men gazing at pictures, while he himself is instructed to observe carefully all that he sees. The extended metaphors are graphically intense, with the depictions of Jerusalem (exposing herself to all passers-by) and her lovers bordering on the pornographic. The emphasis on seeing builds on...

male gaze

male gaze  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
See also gaze.1. A manner of treating women's bodies as objects to be surveyed, which is associated by feminists with hegemonic masculinity, both in everyday social interaction and in relation to ...
gaze

gaze  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
See also spectator; viewing.1. v. To look steadily and intently at someone or something.2. n. A steady and intent look.3. (social psychology) Looking at other people in the general direction of their ...
gendered identifications

gendered identifications  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. In relation to text-reader relations, the notion in theories of identification, that audiences tend to identify with those who are most like themselves (albeit in an idealized form), and that this ...
Electrelane

Electrelane  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
Originating from Brighton, England, this all-female indie rock outfit was formed in 1998 when Verity Susman (keyboards/guitar/vocals) and Emma Gaze (drums) began rehearsing together. An early version ...
Split (Lush album)

Split (Lush album)  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
Albums like Split are time capsules for the post-psychedelia, female-led bands who blur the line between late 80s shoe gazers and ambient rock. Taking a cue from the genre’s best ...
objectification

objectification  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
The dehumanizing reduction of a person (or in representation, a depiction of a person) to the status of a thing, an anonymous body, or a fetishized body part (see also fetishism; fragmentation). ...
face-ism

face-ism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
A tendency for mass-media images (notably photographs in newspapers and magazines) to emphasize the faces of men and the bodies of women, thus reinforcing a gender stereotype aligning males with the ...
scopophilia

scopophilia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
Pleasure in looking; in Freudian psychoanalytic theory, an infantile instinct. In relation to the dominance of the male gaze in classical Hollywood cinema, Mulvey refers to scopophilia as the ...
gender differences

gender differences  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. Often used synonymously with gender.2. Differences in attitudes, values, or behaviour attributable to social constructions of gender rather than to biological differences but which are naturalized ...
George Hitchcock

George Hitchcock  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1850–1913).Painter. Living abroad during most of his career, he became known for Dutch landscapes and peasant scenes, some with religious overtones. Despite his Netherlandish subjects, he worked to ...
fetishism

fetishism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. Originally in anthropology, the attribution of mysterious or supernatural qualities to material objects which then become the object of idolatry: see also commodity fetishism.2. (psychology) A ...

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