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everyday racism

Is a term coined by Dutch sociologist Philomena Essed to express the recurrent, systematic, and familiar practices within society which act to the disadvantage of ethnic minorities. Rather ...

everyday racism

everyday racism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Resource Management (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
113 words

...everyday racism is a term coined by Dutch sociologist Philomena Essed to express the recurrent, systematic, and familiar practices within society which act to the disadvantage of ethnic minorities. Rather than the exceptional incidents of racism—such as the racist attack—everyday racism describes recurrent and often seemingly small practices (looks, gestures, comments, and actions) which permeate society and cumulatively disadvantage ethnic minorities. Such practices infiltrate organizational life and become seen as normal by organizational members. The...

everyday racism

everyday racism  

Is a term coined by Dutch sociologist Philomena Essed to express the recurrent, systematic, and familiar practices within society which act to the disadvantage of ethnic minorities. Rather than the ...
Compatibility: Neither Required nor an Issue

Compatibility: Neither Required nor an Issue   Reference library

Ullah Jan Abid

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,474 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...governments insist on democratization in the Muslim world but in their actions support repressive dictatorships for fear that authentically Muslim governments will themselves be antidemocratic. The perception that Islamic states threaten democracy are baseless and border on racism. Jan urges his audience to establish a “modern Islamic republic,” which will be characterized by an effective separation of the four branches of government (the legislature, the executive, the courts, and the media), ensuring the conformity of laws with the shari‘ah , and...

Democracy or Shuracracy

Democracy or Shuracracy   Reference library

Murad Hofmann

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,074 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...hostile to democracy. Rather it contains ten cornerstones, or basic building blocks, by which the foundation of an Islamic democracy can be put into place. The counter argument, which assumes a singular, genetic flaw in Muslims with regard to democracy, qualifies as postmodern racism. One might just as well dismiss the French as essentially unfit for democracy, considering their motley collection of five republics, two empires, two monarchies and a Communist commune over as little as 200 years. A sounder argument to make is not based on myth: alas, as a...

neighbourhood nationalism

neighbourhood nationalism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Term used to refer to a form of identity politics that can embody both local and national discourses on race and nation. Common language and culture, and often a shared political cause (e.g. ...
Soul on Ice

Soul on Ice  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Widely read and enormously influential, the collection of Eldridge Cleaver's 1965–1966 prison letters and essays titled Soul on Ice (1968) remains one of the most important articulations of 1960s ...
hybridity

hybridity  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A central feature of colonial racism has been the need to categorize and separate ‘races’. The spurious belief of distinct ‘races’ in 19th-century discourses of scientific racism was based upon an ...
Gerald W. Barrax

Gerald W. Barrax  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(b. 1933), poet and educator.Bridging the poetic radicalism and experimentalism of the 1960s to the lyrical and confessional modes of the 1980s, the poetry of Gerald William Barrax draws on the life ...
Bradley, David

Bradley, David  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(b. 1950), author and professor of creative writing.Born and raised in Bedford, Pennsylvania, David Bradley's horizon was shaped by a rural world near the soft-coal region of western Pennsylvania and ...
Frank London Brown

Frank London Brown  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1927–1962), novelist, activist, and important figure among Chicago-based urban realists.Born in Kansas City, Frank London Brown moved to Chicago at age twelve. Educated at Roosevelt University and ...
Norman Rockwell

Norman Rockwell  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(b New York, 3 Feb. 1894; d Stockbridge, Mass., 8 Nov. 1978).American illustrator and painter. He studied at various art schools in New York and by the time he was 18 was a full-time professional ...
June Jordan

June Jordan  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1936–2002),born in Harlem, is a poet, novelist, essayist, and writer of children's books. Best known as a poet, she expresses black consciousness and the effects of everyday racism, but ...
racialism

racialism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
78 words

... ( racism ) Racialism is the unequal treatment of a population group purely because of its possession of physical or other characteristics socially defined as denoting a particular race ( see race ). Racism is the deterministic belief-system that sustains racialism, linking these characteristics with negatively valuated social, psychological, or physical traits. For an informative comparative study of racism in the United States and the Netherlands see Philomena Essed , Understanding Everyday Racism (1991). See also institutional racism...

race

race   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geography (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...exist?’ is, biologically no, socially yes, for race is a social construct which, on occasion, can be a matter of life and death. Winlow in R. Kitchin and N. Thrift (2009) is excellent on this. Geographies of racism range from examining geographies of segregation and racism, to exploring the cultural politics and social practice of racism, to everyday geographies of identity and experience. See C. Dwyer and C. Bressey, eds...

Jordan, June

Jordan, June   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Literature (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Literature
Length:
108 words

...June ( 1936–2002 ), born in Harlem, is a poet, novelist, essayist, and writer of children's books. Best known as a poet, she expresses black consciousness and the effects of everyday racism, but withal in faith and ultimate optimism. Her poems are Some Changes ( 1971 ), New Days: Poems of Exile and Return ( 1973 ), Things That I Do in the Dark: Selected Poetry ( 1977 ), Passion: New Poems 1977–1980 ( 1980 ), and Living Room: New Poems 1980–1984 ( 1985 ). Essays, articles, and lectures are printed in Civil Wars ( 1981 ) and On Call: New...

Research on Racism in Teacher Education in the United States

Research on Racism in Teacher Education in the United States   Reference library

Vanessa Dodo Seriki and Cory T. Brown

Oxford Encyclopedia of Global Perspectives on Teacher Education

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Social sciences, Education
Length:
6,133 words

...race and racism and the impact they have on teaching and learning. The rights to use and to enjoyment are one criterion that moves whiteness beyond the realm of an aspect of identity to a resource that wields some social, political, and institutional power ( Harris, 1993 ). This aspect of whiteness as property can be readily observed in everyday life, but within research on racism in teacher education, the rights to use and enjoyment are often deployed as escape mechanisms by white teacher candidates who resist or reject the endemic nature of racism. Their...

Fernandes, Florestan

Fernandes, Florestan (1920–1995)   Reference library

Karl Monsma

Dictionary of Caribbean and Afro–Latin American Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
885 words

...the Brazilian government and authors such as Gilberto Freyre, who claimed that the history of miscegenation and easygoing everyday relations between white, black, and brown people meant there was little racism in Brazil. Fernandes also published important books on dependent capitalist development in Brazil, and on sociological theory and methods, often mixing Marxism, dependency theory, and functionalism. He began serious research on racism and racial inequality through participation in a UNESCO research program, with ramifications in different Brazilian...

Racism

Racism   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Crime and Mystery Writing

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
797 words

... ( 1940 ) to the minorities they encounter is often blunt and crude. Nevertheless, such responses may speak less of the authors' racism than of their efforts to create characters who reflect a gritty reality. As the twentieth century advanced, mystery writers began not only to reflect society's racism but to dissect it. Contemporary writers seem to be more sensitive than their predecessors to not only glaring acts of racism but to more subtle examples. In Bootlegger's Daughter ( 1992 ), Margaret Maron has her liberal characters observe and comment on...

Rockwell, Norman

Rockwell, Norman   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
196 words

...of a national institution. For most of his career critics dismissed his work as corny, but he began to receive serious attention as a painter late in his career. In his later years, too, he sometimes turned to more serious subjects, producing, for example, a series on racism for Look magazine. From 1953 until his death he lived at Stockbridge, Massachusetts, where there is a museum devoted to...

Rockwell, Norman

Rockwell, Norman   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
198 words

...of a national institution. For most of his career critics dismissed his work as corny, but he began to receive serious attention as a painter late in his career. In his later years, too, he sometimes turned to more serious subjects, producing, for example, a series on racism for Look magazine. From 1953 until his death he lived at Stockbridge, Massachusetts, where a large museum devoted to his work opened in 1993...

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