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eudaimonia

Subject: Philosophy

(Greek, happiness, well-being, success) The central goal of all systems of ancient ethics; according to Aristotle, the ‘best, noblest, and most pleasant thing in the world’. ...

eudaimonia

eudaimonia   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
174 words

... eudaimonia (Greek, happiness, well-being, success) The central goal of all systems of ancient ethics; according to Aristotle , the ‘best, noblest, and most pleasant thing in the world’. Eudaimonia is a place-holder waiting for further specification, and different ethical theories will fill it out differently. Aristotle conceives of it as the active exercise of the powers of the (virtuous) soul in conformity to reason. Eudaimonia is usually translated as happiness or well-being, but it has some of the same connotations as ‘success’, since in addition to...

eudaimonia

eudaimonia   Reference library

C. C. W. Taylor

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
178 words

... . Literally ‘having a good guardian spirit’, i.e. the state of having an objectively desirable life, universally agreed by ancient philosophical theory and popular thought to be the supreme human good. This objective character distinguishes it from the modern concept of happiness , i.e. of a subjectively satisfactory life. Much ancient theory concerns the question of what constitutes the good life, e.g. whether virtue is sufficient for it, as Socrates and the Stoics held, or whether external goods such as good fortune are also necessary, as ...

eudaimonia

eudaimonia noun   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of Foreign Terms in English

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
35 words

... noun E20 Greek (from as eudemon from as eu - good + daimōn genius). Philosophy Happiness or well-being consisting in the full realization of human potential, especially (in Aristotle 's ethics) in rational activity exhibiting...

eudaimonia

eudaimonia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(Greek, happiness, well-being, success)The central goal of all systems of ancient ethics; according to Aristotle, the ‘best, noblest, and most pleasant thing in the world’. Eudaimonia is a ...
chung or shu

chung or shu  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
In Confucianism, conscientiousness and altruism. Chung means the full development of the virtuous self, and shu means the extension of that mind to others. See also altruism, eudaimonia, friendship.
ancient hedonism

ancient hedonism  

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Subject:
Philosophy
The central questions of ancient ethical theory concerned the nature of the good life (i.e. the life most worth living) and the conditions of its achievement. (Eudaimonia.) Given that focus ...
agathon

agathon  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(Greek, the good)In Aristotle, a life that involves the exercise of the highest faculties, fulfilling a person's telos or end. In other philosophies the good is identified with pleasure, or virtue, ...
good, greatest

good, greatest  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Goal of human life or eudaemonia. The correct conception must include all goods. The view that eudaemonia consists in pleasure alone is false, since pleasure fails to include goods such ...
virtue ethics

virtue ethics  

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Subject:
Philosophy
The theory of ethics that takes the notion of virtue as primary, rather than a view either of the ‘good’, for the sake of which we act, or of duty, law or reason thought of as providing rules of ...
ataraxia

ataraxia  

The state of tranquillity or imperturbability, freedom from anxiety, considered to be one of the desirable results of an immersion in scepticism, and by Epicureans to be part of the highest form of ...
aretē

aretē  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(Greek, the goodness or excellence of a thing)The goodness or virtue of a person. In the thought of Plato and Aristotle virtue is connected with performing a function (ergon), just as an eye is good ...
autarky

autarky  

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Overview Page
Self-sufficiency in economic terms. A country is said to be autarkic if it is closed to international trade. Similarly, individual agents are said to be in autarkic equilibrium when they are ...
well-being

well-being  

Well-being or wellness policies are an increasingly common feature of human resource management in large organizations (see also occupational health care). Such policies are directed at improving the ...
moral law

moral law  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The body of laws to which individuals feel themselves subject, often through their religious beliefs. See also canon law; natural law.
good

good  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
As an adjectival modifier of a noun it is widely accepted that ‘good’ is attributive: a good hammer is so in virtue of different qualities from a good dinner. However, there seems room to say that ...
interest

interest  

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Overview Page
An indicator of the potential customer's disposition towards the product or service. It is a prerequisite stage prior to eventual purchase. Without interest there is little possibility of advancing ...
political Philosophy

political Philosophy  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Reflection on the nature of human community and government, and relations between the collective and the individual. Topics include the legitimacy of government in its different forms, the ...
hedonism

hedonism  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The pursuit of one's own pleasure as an end in itself; in ethics, the view that such a pursuit is the proper aim of all action. Since there are different conceptions of pleasure there are ...
happiness

happiness  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
All ethical theories accord some importance to human happiness. They differ first in their conception of what that happiness consists in, secondly in views of how an agent's own personal happiness is ...
moral philosophy

moral philosophy  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The branch of philosophy which explores questions of what is good and right apart from any considerations derived from a supernatural revelation; it examines the nature, meaning, and justification of ...

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