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ethnocentrism

Belief, often unconscious, in the superiority of one's own ethnic group or the universality of one's own culture-bound practices and preferences. In a global economy, such assumptions may ...

ethnocentrism

ethnocentrism n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... n. A tendency or disposition to judge other ethnic groups, cultures, nations, or societies by the standards and customs of one's own, often accompanied by a dislike or misunderstanding of other such groups and a belief in the intrinsic superiority of one's own. See also authoritarianism . Compare ableism , ageism , fattism , heterosexism , racism , sexism , speciesism . ethnocentrist n. 1. One who practises or advocates ethnocentrism. adj. 2. Of or relating to ethnocentrism. [From Greek ethnos a nation + kentron a sharp...

ethnocentrism

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A Dictionary of Business and Management (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
39 words

... Belief, often unconscious, in the superiority of one’s own ethnic group or the universality of one’s own culture-bound practices and preferences. In a global economy, such assumptions may be particularly dangerous in the fields of marketing and...

ethnocentrism

ethnocentrism  

Dictionary of the Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference

... The tendency to judge or interpret another culture by the standards of one's own. Although ethnocentrism is generally condemned as an obstacle to understanding other cultures, especially in anthropology , the degree to which one can escape or bracket one's cultural assumptions is by no means clear. This has been the subject of considerable debate in the wake of poststructural critiques of knowledge, subjectivity, and ethnographic practices. James Clifford 's The Predicament of Culture ( 1988 ) has been particularly influential in recent...

ethnocentrism

ethnocentrism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Marketing (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
73 words

... An attitude of mind that holds a single culture to be superior to such a degree that other cultures are denied any importance. In international marketing terms, an ethnocentric company will often view overseas operations as secondary to domestic operations, often using the overseas operations as a means of dumping excess domestic stock. For global marketing, ethnocentrism is a very dangerous attitude and limits the scope of operation. See also globalization...

ethnocentrism

ethnocentrism   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

... The tendency of members of one social group to mistrust individuals belonging to another social group. It involves the belief that one's own social group is culturally superior to another group. It also involves the inability to understand that cultural differences do not imply the inferiority of those groups, which are distinct from one's...

ethnocentrism

ethnocentrism   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
45 words

... [Ge] 1 The belief that one's own values and views held true in all times and places. 2 The tendency to look at other cultures through the eyes of one's own culture, believing that one's own culture is morally superior, and thereby misrepresenting...

ethnocentrism

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A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
108 words

... A view of society and politics shaped by one’s own cultural expectations. An ethnocentric approach tends to view positively the beliefs of one’s own community, culture, or nation, and view ‘outsiders’ negatively. Ethnocentrism has been used to explain ethnic conflict and nationalism, and also as part of a broader critique of claims to objectivity in the social sciences. The charge of Eurocentrism, whereby history and development have been analysed in ways which are narrowly focused on Western conceptions of progress, whilst minimizing the...

ethnocentrism

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A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
189 words

...and sociologists seek to avoid ethnocentrism, but overzealous avoidance of ethnocentrism can be criticized as cultural relativism. See also Eurocentrism . 2. Prejudice or mistrust within a cultural group regarding outsiders. An insular tendency to look inwards towards the norms of the group and to cast issues in terms of ‘us vs them’. This functions to bolster the identity and solidarity of the group. See also group identification ; in-group . 3. A personality trait associated with authoritarianism, dogmatism, and political and economic...

ethnocentrism

ethnocentrism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

... The tendency to or practice of interpreting, evaluating, and judging ethnic groups perceived as other by the standards of one's own ethnic group. Moreover, it implies that the group performing the judging of the other regard their own standards to be at once ‘higher’ than the other's and, more importantly, defining the norm. The description of Indigenous Peoples as ‘savages’ and ‘barbarians’ by European explorers and colonisers is a clear example of this bias because there is no recognition whatsoever of the validity of the other's...

ethnocentrism

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A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... The tendency to or practice of interpreting, evaluating, and judging ethnic groups perceived as other by the standards of one’s own ethnic group. Moreover, it implies that the group performing the judging of the other regard their own standards to be at once ‘higher’ than the other’s and, more importantly, defining the norm. The description of Indigenous Peoples as ‘savages’ and ‘barbarians’ by European explorers and colonizers is a clear example of this bias because there is no recognition whatsoever of the validity of the other’s perspective....

ethnocentrism

ethnocentrism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
82 words

... 1. Viewing and understanding the world from the perspective of one’s ethnic position, ignoring alternative standpoints. 2. The belief in the superiority of one’s culture and knowledge, with all other cultures measured with respect to it. With regards to the latter, Western science generally views itself as superior and more valid when compared with local and indigenous knowledge. Similarly, Western cultures often view themselves as more civilized and sophisticated rather than simply different from those in developing countries. See also ...

ethnocentrism

ethnocentrism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Cultural Anthropology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Anthropology
Length:
75 words

...ethnocentrism The assumption that one’s own cultural way of doing things is correct, natural, obvious, even necessary, while dismissing other people’s practices or views as wrong, ignorant, or backward. Anthropologists stridently reject it on moral and intellectual grounds, as it renders the possibility of cross-cultural understanding impossible and validates narrow judgements about other cultures. Anthropologists who take on the ethnocentric assumptions of the cultures they study are sometimes accused of ‘secondary ethnocentrism’. Compare cultural...

ethnocentrism

ethnocentrism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Resource Management (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
56 words

...ethnocentrism is the tendency to view all issues from the perspective of one’s own ethnic group and to fail to take into account the importance and value of different ethnic groups. In an organization, employment policies or practices that are ethnocentric are liable to have a discriminatory effect that disadvantages ethnic minorities. See also discrimination , stereotyping ....

ethnocentrism

ethnocentrism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Politics
Length:
81 words

...ethnocentrism This concept describes the evalution of other cultures through the lens of one’s own culture. The term is used to name a prejudicial practice which fails to take in others’ perspectives and considers one’s own practices and beliefs as superior to those of others. North-western feminists have been accused by those coming from the so-called global south and other cultures as perceiving the needs of women from the latter’s cultures in ethnocentric terms, i.e. without due regard to their...

Ethnocentrism

Ethnocentrism   Reference library

Kaushik BAGCHI

Berkshire Encyclopedia of World History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History
Length:
1,149 words

...Ethnocentrism Ethnocentrism has existed in virtually all societies in human history. To feel superior to other peoples requires that one is aware of others beyond one’s national or cultural boundaries. To feel superior to other peoples also requires that one knows enough about others to judge their civilization or way of life as inferior to one’s own. Therefore, for ethnocentrism to take root and flourish, engagement with the world outside is necessary. A society that lacks the economic, military, or human resources to step outside its borders and do...

ethnocentrism

ethnocentrism noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
45 words
ethnocentrism

ethnocentrism noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
51 words
ethnocentrism

ethnocentrism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Belief, often unconscious, in the superiority of one's own ethnic group or the universality of one's own culture-bound practices and preferences. In a global economy, such assumptions may be ...
E scale

E scale  

A scale to measure ethnocentrism, especially the scale first published by the German philosopher, sociologist, and psychologist Theodor W(iesengrund) Adorno (1903–69) and several colleagues in the ...
Eurocentrism

Eurocentrism  

A bias in which European cultural perspectives are privileged (often unconsciously, as if it were common sense) over others. Postcolonialism has exposed many of the ways in which such biases are ...

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