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estuary

That area of a river mouth which is affected by sea tides. A wave-dominated estuary has waves as the dominant shaping force; in a tide-dominated estuary, tidal currents dominate ...

estuary

estuary   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geography (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... That area of a river mouth which is affected by sea tides. A wave-dominated estuary has waves as the dominant shaping force; in a tide-dominated estuary , tidal currents dominate geomorphologically ( Komatsu (1999) Cretaceous Res. 20, 3...

estuary

estuary   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Construction, Surveying and Civil Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

... Where a river meets the sea causing fresh and salt water to...

estuary

estuary   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
36 words

... Coastal region where a river mouth opens into the ocean and freshwater from the land mixes with saltwater from the sea. Estuaries usually provide good harbours and breeding grounds for many kinds of marine...

estuary

estuary   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geology and Earth Sciences (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

... Semi-enclosed coastal body of water which has a free connection with the open sea and where fresh water, derived from land drainage, is mixed with sea water. Estuaries are often subject to tidal action and where tidal activity is large, ebb and flood tidal currents tend to avoid each other, forming separate channels. In estuaries where tidal activity is small, the invading dense sea water may flow under the lighter fresh water forming a salt wedge . A positive estuary is one in which surface salinities are lower within the estuary than in the open sea...

estuary

estuary   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Ecology (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... A coastal body of water which has a free connection with the open sea and where fresh water, derived from land drainage, is mixed with sea water. Estuaries are often subject to tidal action and, where tidal activity is large, ebb and flood tidal currents tend to avoid each other, forming separate channels. In estuaries where tidal activity is small, the invading dense sea water may flow under the lighter fresh water, forming a salt wedge . A positive estuary is one in which surface salinities are lower within the estuary than in the open sea, owing to...

estuary

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A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

... The wide mouth of a river where it flows into the sea, in which fresh (river) water meets and mixes with salt (sea) water, and which is tidal...

Estuary English

Estuary English   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... English A type of British English accent identified as spreading out from London to the southeast of England, the area of the Thames Estuary, and containing a blend of received pronunciation and that of cockney or London speech. The term was coined in 1984 by the linguist David Rosewarne . The accent is regarded as typical of a supposedly growing classless society, and occurrences of it have been reported as far afield as Glasgow; however, some linguists feel it is too broad and too general to be truly useful as a label. In contrast with Eliza...

‘Estuary English’

‘Estuary English’   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
40 words

...Estuary English’ Coined in the 1980s for a variety perceived as ‘classless’ and originally typical of the lower Thames valley. Characterized by phonetic features variously shared with, or intermediate between, Received Pronunciation and the residual urban dialect of...

Estuary English

Estuary English   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...interviewed on the B.B.C. radio programme ‘Word of Mouth’ on 29 June 1993 reported that Estuary English is now spoken by Conservative members of Parliament as well as Labour. Lord Tebbit , cited by The Sunday Times as an Estuary speaker, reports in his recent biography Upwardly Mobile that Conservative Prime Minister Harold Macmillan had referred to him as a Cockney speaker. (‘Estuary English: tomorrow’s RP?’, in English Today , 37, January 1994 ). Estuary English is most easily identified in terms of accent, located towards the middle of a...

stratified estuary

stratified estuary   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...estuary An estuary in which freshwater from the land lies on top of denser saltwater from the...

moderately stratified estuary

moderately stratified estuary   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...stratified estuary An estuary in which the seaward flow of low‐ salinity water and moderate vertical mixing result in a modest vertical gradient of...

National Estuary Program

National Estuary Program   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...Estuary Program ( NEP ) A national programme that was established under the US Clean Water Act Amendments of 1987 in order to develop and implement conservation and management plan s to protect estuaries , restore and maintain their chemical, physical, and biological integrity, and control pollution from point sources and non‐point sources...

Scheldt Estuary, battle for

Scheldt Estuary, battle for   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World War II

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Military History, Social sciences, Warfare and Defence
Length:
1,256 words
Illustration(s):
1

... to disembark through a breach in the dyke at Westkapelle. The defences facing them were formidable, for the heavy naval coastal batteries which dominated the estuary were protected by pillboxes, strong-points, concealed flame-throwers , and anti-personnel mines. To help neutralize these defences, and in particular the three naval batteries in heavy concrete emplacements that commanded the estuary around Westkapelle, there was a preliminary bombardment by warships. But bad weather aborted the air bombardment and though rocket-firing aircraft were employed...

estuary

estuary   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Language reference, History of English
Length:
18 words

... XVI. — L. æstuārium tidal part of a shore, tidal channel, f. æstus swell, surge, tide; see -ARY...

estuary

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The Oxford Dictionary of Word Origins (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Language reference, History of English
Length:
59 words

... [M16th] This was originally a tidal inlet of any size. The source is Latin aestuarium ‘tidal part of a shore’ from aestus ‘tide’. The term Estuary English was coined by David Rosewarne in 1984 for an accent which developed along the Thames Estuary from London English and which has rapidly become the dominant urban accent in southern...

estuary

estuary   Quick reference

New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
112 words

... • Florrie , Laurie, lorry, Macquarie, quarry, sorry, whare • Rhodri • Godfrey • hostelry • Coventry • quixotry • cacciatore , Corey, dory, Florey, flory, furore, glory, gory, hoary, hunky-dory, lory, Maury, monsignori, Montessori, multistorey, Pori, Rory, satori, saury, storey, story, Tory, vainglory • Aubrey • aumbry • Audrey , bawdry, tawdry • laundry • gallimaufry , orphrey • palfrey • paltry • outlawry • centaury • clerestory ( US clearstory) • understorey • cowrie , kauri, Lowry, Maori • Cowdrey • foundry • Rowntree • ochry ( US ...

estuary

estuary n   Quick reference

Pocket Oxford Italian Dictionary: English-Italian (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
5 words
estuary

estuary n   Reference library

Pocket Oxford Irish Dictionary: English-Irish

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
4 words
estuary

estuary n   Reference library

Oxford Business French Dictionary: English-French

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
4 words
estuary

estuary n   Quick reference

Pocket Oxford Latin Dictionary: English-Latin (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries, Classical studies
Length:
4 words

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