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epistemology

Subject: Philosophy

(Greek, epistēmē, knowledge) The theory of knowledge. Its central questions include the origin of knowledge; the place of experience in generating knowledge, and the place of ...

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The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

... A branch of philosophy which deals with the nature and validity of...

epistemology

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A Dictionary of Geography (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... The philosophical theory of knowledge which considers how we know what we know, and establishes just what ought to be defined as knowledge. In geography , the term is used to indicate the examination of geographical knowledge—how it is gained, sent, changed, and absorbed. O’Sullivan (2004) TIBG 29, 3 distinguishes between epistemology (1) ‘experimenting on theories’ and (2) epistemology learning from...

epistemology

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World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
44 words

... Branch of philosophy that critically examines the nature, limits and validity of knowledge, and the difference between knowledge and belief. Descartes showed that many previously ‘philosophical’ questions would be better studied scientifically, and that what remained of metaphysics should be absorbed into epistemology...

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A Dictionary of Computer Science (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

... The study of knowledge: a branch of philosophy important in artificial intelligence for theoretical investigations of belief and knowledge...

epistemology

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The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
22 words

...epistemology (Gk. ἐπιστήμη ‎, ‘knowledge’) , also known as Theory of Knowledge. The philosophical discipline which examines the nature and validity of human cognition....

epistemology

epistemology n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... n. The theory of knowledge , especially the enquiry into what is to count as knowledge, the validity of knowledge, what distinguishes mere belief from knowledge, what kinds of things are knowable, and whether anything can be known for certain. See also genetic epistemology , sociology of knowledge . [From Greek episteme knowledge + logos word, discourse, or...

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A Dictionary of Construction, Surveying and Civil Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

... Reality viewed and understood through deduction, induction, and through the use of research tools; the reality of the situation is inferred or obtained from...

epistemology

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The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
43 words

... That branch of philosophy which deals with the problem of knowledge: what knowledge consists of, how we know (if we do) what we think we know, and what grounds we have for thinking that it is possible to have knowledge of...

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A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
90 words

... ( adj. epistemological ) A branch of philosophy concerned with the theory of knowledge . The term refers to how the world can be known and what can be known about it. Realism , idealism , and constructionism are all epistemological stances regarding what is ‘real’. Epistemologies embody ontological assumptions ( see ontology ). Kuhn refers to scientific communities are characterized by shared texts, interpretations , and beliefs: these are sometimes labelled epistemic communities ( see also community of interest ; paradigm ). ...

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Morwenna Griffiths

A Dictionary of Education (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Education
Length:
226 words

... The study and understanding of knowledge. Teaching and learning depend on an often implicit understanding of what knowledge is. So does educational research . Epistemology addresses the issue of what counts as knowledge. Theories of knowledge draw distinctions between knowledge understood as being, for instance, implicit or explicit; practical or theoretical; of things or of people; and of skills or of facts. Further distinctions are drawn between human wisdom and understanding as opposed to information. Only the latter can be stored or coded as...

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
114 words

... [Th] The branch of philosophy which deals with the character of knowledge, and how we know what we know; the study of what constitutes knowledge, its construction, its limits, its veracity, and its validation. An epistemology is a theory of knowledge, of which there are many, and for centuries it has been a central theme of philosophy. Since the New Archaeology of the 1960s it has also been a matter of considerable interest for archaeologists: what constitutes a knowledge of the past when all that connects the past and the present is material...

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Jonathan Joseph

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
184 words

... Espistemology is the theory or philosophy of knowledge. In contrast to ontology , or theory of being, epistemology is not concerned with what is in the world, but rather with how—indeed whether—we can know it. Epistemology is concerned both with the extent of our knowledge and our degree of certainty about it. This also relates to questions of truthfulness. A significant philosophical dispute over the source of our knowledge is that between rationalism and empiricism. The latter holds that our knowledge derives from sense impressions rather than...

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The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
288 words

...and the facts began with Plato ’s view in the Theaetetus that knowledge is true belief plus a logos . For difficulties see Gettier examples . For further issues see confirmation theory , empiricism , feminism , naturalized epistemology , rationalism , relativism , reliabilism , social epistemology...

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A Dictionary of Critical Theory

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

... The study or inquiry into the origin, possibility, and constitution of knowledge. Its central questions are: what does it mean to know something and by what means are we able to have knowledge? In asking these questions it also brings into play issues to do with doubt, scepticism, and truth, because implicit in the question of what it means to know something is the issue of whether one's knowledge can ever be...

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A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
68 words

... The study of how we know the world and, normatively speaking, how we ought to know the world. Professional epistemologists are found in philosophy departments and inquire into the ways we make reality knowable. All researchers—indeed all lay actors too—have sets of epistemological beliefs. These beliefs are debatable, and in human geography the differences between empiricists, materialists, critical realists, positivists, and others are, in part, epistemological...

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A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... The study or inquiry into the origin, possibility, and constitution of knowledge. Its central questions are: what does it mean to know something and by what means are we able to have knowledge? In asking these questions it also brings into play issues to do with doubt, scepticism, and truth, because implicit in the question of what it means to know something is the issue of whether one’s knowledge can ever be complete....

epistemology

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Dictionary of the Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
325 words

... Literally “the study of knowledge,” epistemology is the inquiry into the conditions, paradigms, and limits of knowledge, including the nature of truth claims and the historical contexts that have shaped human inquiry. These questions have been central to the philosophical tradition since Socrates , which has systematically investigated the grounds of its own inquiries. Accounts of human knowledge have proceeded on a number of bases, from early modern attempts to ground knowledge in consciousness—Descartes' “I think, therefore I am” inaugurates this...

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A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
833 words

... The philosophical theory of knowledge—of how we know what we know. Epistemology is generally characterized by a division between two competing schools of thought: rationalism and empiricism . Both traditions of thought received their most systematic philosophical expressions in the context of the scientific revolution of the 17th century. Both approaches were concerned with finding secure foundations for knowledge, and clearly distinguishing such well-grounded knowledge from mere prejudice, belief, or opinion. The model of certainty which...

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The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
263 words

... . The branch of philosophy concerned with the theory of knowledge . One of the oldest of philosophical debates concerns the origin of human knowledge. Empiricists traditionally maintain that all knowledge is ultimately derived from sensory experience. According to John Locke the mind at birth is a blank sheet, or tabula rasa : ‘how then comes it to be furnished with that vast store which the busy and boundless fancy of man has painted on it? To this I answer in one word, from experience ’ ( Essay Concerning Human Understanding , 1690 )....

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A Dictionary of Sports Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
273 words

... The branch of philosophy dealing with the nature of knowledge, from the Greek epistēmē , meaning ‘knowledge’. Epistemology is of central relevance to any academic enquiry, as it addresses the question of how we know what we know, and demands thought-through and rigorous answers concerning the status of knowledge claimed for and within any academic discipline or research. In sports studies, sport and exercise science is, as a discipline within the natural sciences, widely concerned with the testing of theories on the basis of indisputable or proven...

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