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environmental history

The history of natural and induced environmental change in a particular area.

Environmental history

Environmental history   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,626 words

...make manifest its intrinsic environmental orientation (for example, Dan Coward , Out of Sight: Sydney's Environmental History , 1988) . Stephen Dovers (ed.), Australian Environmental History (1994) , helped define the field. The rise of environmental politics since the late 1960s directly stimulated historical scholarship, and gave the new environmental history an occasionally apocalyptic and moralistic tone. Ecology and history were brought closer together by environmental politics: all three found stimulus in the Darwinian revolution, Hiroshima, and the...

environmental history

environmental history   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
265 words

... history The field of study interested in the interaction between humans and the environment in the past. It is a recognized subdiscipline of history with its own associations and journals, as well as a broader interdisciplinary field embracing contributions by human geographers, anthropologists, and others. Although there are antecedents in the work of the Annales School in France and cultural geography, a distinct environmental history took shape in the USA in the 1960s and 1970s alongside the burgeoning environmental movement. Many of its...

environmental history

environmental history   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

... history The history of natural and induced environmental change in a particular...

Environmental History—Modern

Environmental History—Modern   Reference library

Eduard B. VERMEER

Berkshire Encyclopedia of China

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...& Liu, T. (1998). Sediments of time: Environment and society in Chinese history . Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press. Fairbank, J. , & Feuerwerker, A. (Eds.). (1983–1987). The Cambridge history of China (Vols. 12–15). New York: Cambridge University Press. Lee, J. , & Wang, F. (Eds.). (1999). One quarter of humanity: Malthusian mythology and Chinese realities. 1700–2000 . Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Ma, X. Y. , & Ortolano, L. (2000). Environmental regulation in China: Institutions, enforcement and compliance . Boulder,...

Environmental History—Ancient

Environmental History—Ancient   Reference library

Cho-yun HSU

Berkshire Encyclopedia of China

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...Environmental History—Ancient Gǔdài huánjìngshǐ 古代环境史 ‎ China is a huge country with a great variety of terrain as well as different climates; this makes it difficult to speak of a single ecology or environment in the region. Nevertheless, there are four issues relevant to the environment that a majority of ancient Chinese had to contend with, regardless of their location: water, deforestation, farming, and regional interdependence. Water Issues The area above the Yangzi (Chang) River Valley and the high mountain barriers north of Guangdong Province...

Environmental History and Historiography

Environmental History and Historiography   Reference library

Emmanuel Kreike

The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Historiography: Methods and Sources

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Archaeology
Length:
19,618 words

...Africa: An Environmental History . For overviews of African environmental history, see William Beinart, “African History and Environmental History,” African Affairs 99, no. 395 (2000), 269–302; G. Maddox, “Africa and Environmental History,” Environmental History 4, no. 2 (1999), 162–167; J. Carruthers, “Toward an Environmental History of Southern Africa: Some Perspectives,” South African Historical Journal 23, no. 1 (1990), 184–195. See also S. Dovers, R. Edgecombe, and B. Guest, eds., South Africa’s Environmental History: Cases & Comparisons ...

environmental history

environmental history  

The history of natural and induced environmental change in a particular area.
Irish Local and Family History

Irish Local and Family History   Quick reference

Kevin Whelan

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
4,945 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Folk Park (Tyrone). As with archaeology, the rise of environmental history provided a different lens for looking at the past, a lens whose perspective was longer from those used in history. The inanimate world of stone and pollen, bog and tree, offered a sympathetic engagement with a past beyond political contestation, an enduring bedrock beneath history, a silent witness under the competitive cacophony of historical voices. This Irish movement gained impetus from the deepening global environmental consciousness, offering the possibility of an ethic at...

Family History

Family History   Quick reference

Anthony Camp

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,329 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...time developed also into something which its devotees began to call ‘family history’. This term, not without argument, is frequently used instead of ‘genealogy’. The latter term can be defined as ‘the study of a technique establishing, with documentary evidence, the details of the relationships between generations’, whereas the history of the family relates the grouping of people to their environmental and socio‐economic surroundings. The introduction of the term ‘family history’, however, undoubtedly helped to give the subject some further academic...

Agricultural History

Agricultural History   Quick reference

David Hey

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
4,344 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

..., and on the environment. See T. C. Smout , Nature Contested: Environmental History in Scotland and Northern England since 1600 (2000). Scholarly debate now centres on how far an emphasis on economic history, viewed through estate records and official publications, has produced an optimistic picture that obscures the sufferings of the rural poor. The developing interest in social history has led some historians—notably those associated with the journals History Workshop and Rural History —to offer a different picture, focused on rural protest. See, for...

Landscape History: The Countryside

Landscape History: The Countryside   Quick reference

H. S. A. Fox

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,175 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Anglia ; D. A. Stocker , The East Midlands ; Della Hooke , The West Midlands ; Fred Aalen , The North East ; and Angus J. L. Winchester , The North West . Other fine overviews of the landscape from prehistoric times to the present day include I. G. Simmons , An Environmental History of Great Britain from 10,000 Years Ago to the Present ( 2001 ), and Frank Mitchell and Michael Ryan , Reading the Irish Landscape (rev. edn, 2007 ). A major interest in recent years, sponsored by English Heritage, has been the mapping and ‘characterization’ of...

The Twentieth Century

The Twentieth Century   Quick reference

Brian M. Short

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,083 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...derived from oral history, cannot by its very nature now extend back to more than 80 or 90 years from the present. It may be as well to remind ourselves of E. H. Carr's caution about modern history: ‘When I am tempted, as I sometimes am, to envy the extreme competence of colleagues engaged in writing ancient or medieval history, I find consolation in the reflexion that they are so competent mainly because they are so ignorant of their subject. The modern historian enjoys none of the advantages of this built‐in ignorance’ ( What Is History? ( 1964 ), 14)....

Education

Education   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,267 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...The association of educative processes with the cultivation of human faculties suggests that much more was envisaged in the term ‘education’ than institutional instruction or learning. It was a term that could include the operation and application of much wider environmental influences, within nature as well as society, from earliest childhood onwards. This was certainly the general understanding—for all the differences in their ideas and schemes—of the three leading educational theorists, * Locke , Helvetius ( 1715–71 ), and * Rousseau ; and...

Exploration

Exploration   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,825 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... ( 1689–1755 ), by recourse to an elastic notion of climatic determination. Features of particular peoples and societies were derived not from their mode of subsistence, but from their residence in torrid, temperate, or frigid zones; or from the action of more particular environmental effects, such as wind and sea air, or from combinations of the climate and mode of life. These considerations might in turn be overshadowed by innate propensities that were taken to characterize particular races, such as the ‘treacherous Javanese’ or the ‘effeminate Hindoos’....

Sensibility

Sensibility   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
7,039 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...on this greater sensibility as grounds for imaginative capacity, but the refinement of the nerves (in ‘effeminate’ men, too) was also often identified with greater suffering, delicacy, and a susceptibility to disorder. Of course, late-seventeenth-century sensational, or environmental, psychology had promised women and men the power to construct selves and circumstance. However, the theoretical value attributed to the development of women's consciousness was in tension with a paradigm that could also rationalize their subordination on the basis of their...

Industrialization

Industrialization   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,380 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...factors. At present it is not clear to what extent the lowering of death rates through improved health was the result of an autonomous decline in the virulence of disease or of increased resistance of human hosts to infection as a result of better food supplies and improved environmental conditions. It may well have been a combination of the two. But these were not effects confined solely to England and Wales or even to continental Europe, and showed few signs of having been primarily associated with Britain's role as the first industrial nation. Indeed, in so...

48 The History of the Book in America

48 The History of the Book in America   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
12,975 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

..., ‘The Colonial Retail Book Trade’, in Printing and Society in Early America , ed. W. L. Joyce et al . (1983) L. I. Sweet , ed., Communication and Change in American Religious History (1993) G. T. Tanselle , Guide to the Study of United States Imprints (2 vols, 1971) J. Tebbel , A History of Book Publishing in the United States (4 vols, 1971–81) I. Thomas , History of Printing in America (2 vols, 1810) J. B. Thompson , Books in the Digital Age (2005) C. Turner , Marketing Modernism (2003) J. L. W. West III , American Authors and the Literary...

Slavery

Slavery   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,891 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...had, by our period, become a well-established and sophisticated branch of maritime business. From Sierra Leone to Angola slave-traders roamed the coast, dealing with communities of resident Africans and Europeans for coffles of slaves from the interior. The business was environmentally dangerous for Europeans and took a horrific toll of white sailors and traders. Such risks failed to deter the flotillas of European slave-traders arriving in growing numbers throughout the century. Moreover, European losses and sufferings were as naught compared to what...

Farmworker Network for Economic and Environmental Justice

Farmworker Network for Economic and Environmental Justice  

The history of the Farmworker Network for Economic and Environmental Justice (FNEEJ) demonstrates the importance of rural environmental justice work within Latino and Latina social history and the ...
Environmental Knowledge, Traditional

Environmental Knowledge, Traditional  

Environmental concerns are part of long-standing indigenous tradition in the Americas, making Latinas' and Latinos' indigenous ancestors among the continent's first ecologists. Latino and Latina ...

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