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encyclical

Subject: History

A papal letter sent to all bishops of the Roman Catholic Church. The word is recorded (as an adjective) from the mid 17th century, and comes via late Latin from Greek enkuklios ‘circular, ...

Encyclical

Encyclical   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
33 words

... (Gk., en , ‘in’, + kyklos , ‘circle’). A pastoral letter intended for circulation among all the churches of an area. By Roman Catholics they are restricted to letters sent out by the...

encyclical

encyclical   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
41 words

... . A circular letter sent to all the churches in a given area. In early times the word might be applied to letters sent out by any bishop, but in modern RC usage it is confined to those of the...

encyclical

encyclical   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
374 words

...encyclical A circular letter sent by a bishop to every church within his jurisdiction, and more particularly a letter by the Pope to Roman Catholic parishes worldwide. Unlike church dogma, encyclicals are not infallible pronouncements, but Catholics are expected to follow them, while the declaration of the papal view limits the freedom of theological discussion. Before 1961 The most important encyclicals include Pope Leo XIII's Rerum Novarum ( 1891 ) which formulated the social ideals of Catholicism in an industrializing world. The more conservative Pius...

encyclical

encyclical   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
76 words

...encyclical . A circular letter sent to all the churches of a given area. In early times the word might be used of a letter sent out by any bishop, but in modern RC usage the term is restricted to such letters as are sent out worldwide by the Pope. It has also been used from the first ( 1867 ) of the letters issued by the Anglican bishops at the end of the Lambeth Conferences ....

encyclical

encyclical   Reference library

A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, History
Length:
125 words

... A word originally meaning ‘circular letters’ (Latin: litteræ encyclicæ ) and applied in the early Church to generally circulated letters written by archbishops, bishops, or the Pope, ‘encyclical’ is a term that was adopted about 1740 for a type of papal letter, then issued in printed form, for distribution throughout the Catholic Church, concerning particular issues of great general importance relating to doctrine, morals, or discipline. In effect, encyclicals performed the same function as papal bulls except that the latter might also deal with...

Encyclical

Encyclical   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...church, which the Nazis wished to implement. In 1979 Pope John Paul II issued his first encyclical, Redemptor hominis (‘Redeemer of man’), his vision of the Christian mission. His later encyclicals included Veritas splendor (‘The splendour of truth’) in 1993 , laying down a firm line on birth control and other moral dilemmas, and Ut unum sint (‘That they may be one’) in 1995 , dealing with ecumenity. Pope Benedict XVI issued his first encyclical, Deus Caritas Est (‘God is love’) in 2006 ; it was the first to be published after the...

Encyclical

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The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
201 words

... (lit. “circular”), in the narrow sense of the word, a formal pastoral letter sent by the pope to the entire church; the term was used from 1740 (E. Mangenot, DTC 5.1 [ 1939 ] 14). However, in late Roman practice the terms enkyklios epistole or enkyklion gramma were applied to “circulars” written by church fathers of great authority: thus, Clement of Rome reportedly wrote enkyklioi epistolai “to be read in holy churches” ( Epiphanios , Panarion 30.15.2). Origen sent enkyklia grammata ( Eusebios , HE 6.18.4); Alexander of Alexandria...

encyclical

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Language reference, History of English
Length:
24 words

... intended for universal circulation. XVII ( sb. XIX). f. late L. encyclicus , f. Gr. egkúklios circular, general, f. EN- 2 + kúklos circle; see -ICAL...

encyclical

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The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

... a papal letter sent to all bishops of the Roman Catholic Church. The word is recorded (as an adjective) from the mid 17th century, and comes via late Latin from Greek enkuklios ‘circular,...

encyclical

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New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
467 words

... • cackle , crackle, grackle, hackle, jackal, mackle, shackle, tackle • ankle , rankle • Gaskell , mascle, paschal • tabernacle • ramshackle • débâcle , diarchal, matriarchal, monarchal, patriarchal, sparkle • rascal • deckle , freckle, heckle, Jekyll, shekel, speckle • faecal ( US fecal), treacle • chicle , fickle, mickle, nickel, pickle, prickle, sickle, strickle, tickle, trickle • besprinkle , crinkle, sprinkle, tinkle, twinkle, winkle, wrinkle • fiscal • laical , Pharisaical • vehicle • stoical • cubicle • radical • medical ,...

encyclical

encyclical noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
60 words
encyclical

encyclical   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
72 words
encyclical

encyclical   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
40 words
encyclical

encyclical   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
37 words
encyclical

encyclical   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
37 words
encyclical

encyclical  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A papal letter sent to all bishops of the Roman Catholic Church. The word is recorded (as an adjective) from the mid 17th century, and comes via late Latin from Greek enkuklios ‘circular, general’.
papal documents

papal documents  

Reference type:
Overview Page
For types of document issued by the Pope or Papal Chancery, among many other litteræ ecclesiasticæ, some relating to England, see brief, bull, decretal, dimissorials, and encyclical.
Quadragesimo Anno

Quadragesimo Anno  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
An encyclical issued on 15 May 1931 by Pius XI on the fortieth anniversary of Leo XIII's Rerum Novarum, an encyclical concerned with the ordering of society and of economic ...
Summi Pontificatus

Summi Pontificatus  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The encyclical issued by Pius XII on 20 Oct. 1939 expounding the bearing of Catholic principles on such matters as the growth of secularism, the brotherhood of man, the state ...
Osservatore Romano

Osservatore Romano  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(Ital., ‘The Roman Observer’).A newspaper founded in 1861 and owned by the Vatican. It publishes the official text and authorized Italian translation of encyclicals and other Papal documents, the ...

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