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education

Subject: History

The systematic instruction of individuals in subjects which will enhance their knowledge of the science and art of war.

continuing education

continuing education   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Education (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Education
Length:
40 words

...education Education which continues throughout life, both through formal institutions and by other means, as a continuous process of personal development. It is often linked with adult education in the phrase ‘adult and continuing education’. See also lifelong learning...

home education

home education   Quick reference

Trisha Bowen and Liz Ellis

A Dictionary of Education (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Education
Length:
114 words

...education Some parents exercise their statutory right to give their child of compulsory school age (5–16) full-time education within the home. In the United Kingdom it is education that is compulsory and not attendance at school. Any home education programme of work, however, must be relevant to the age, needs (including any special needs), ability, and aptitude of the child, but is not required to conform absolutely to the national curriculum . There is no financial support available to home educators, and the education they provide is subject to local...

further education

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A Dictionary of Education (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Education
Length:
245 words

...education sector. It is associated with vocational education and skills training, which, following the Foster Report ( 2005 ), has been confirmed as the primary focus of further education colleges . Traditionally, however, it has been widely regarded as the ‘sector of the second chance’, providing an opportunity for learners who have not succeeded within the school system to re-engage with their education, including preparing for public examinations such as the General Certificate of Education Advanced Level at colleges of further education....

general education

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A Dictionary of Education (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Education
Length:
209 words

...education An education designed to support the development of the learner as an individual, rather than to equip him or her with specific, vocationally related skills. In this sense, a general education may be defined as developmental rather than instrumental. It is a term which is often used in differentiating an academic route, such as that represented by General Certificate of Secondary Education and Advanced Level , from a vocational route, for example through the various levels of National Vocational Qualifications . A general education may be...

adult education

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A Dictionary of Education (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Education
Length:
327 words

...education Courses of study offered for learners over the age of compulsory schooling. Sometimes used synonymously with evening classes , adult education encompasses a very wide range of provision, including prison education, education in the armed forces, adult literacy classes, and church-based learning groups, as well as local authority and Workers’ Educational Association provision. It has a long history closely associated with ideals of social reform, self-help, and self-improvement, particularly among social classes who could not access...

higher education

higher education   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Education (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Education
Length:
234 words

...education Programmes of study which lead to advanced qualifications such as those at National Qualifications Framework ( NQF ) level 5 or 6 and above, such as degrees and diplomas. These are usually offered in higher education institutions (HEIs) such as universities , but may also form part of the provision of further education ( FE ) colleges, as in the case of foundation degrees . The higher education sector is largely comprised of universities and university colleges , and is distinct from the further education sector in terms of funding...

Education Scotland

Education Scotland   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Education (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Education
Length:
102 words

... Scotland A Scottish government executive agency, established in 2011 to support quality and improvement in Scottish education. It works in partnership with local authorities and other bodies to support curriculum implementation, encourage the professional development of teachers and educational leaders, provide independent evaluation of provision, and give evidence-based advice on policy and practice. Although directly accountable to the Scottish government, it operates independently and is not politically aligned to any party. Its chief...

co-education

co-education   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Education (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Education
Length:
107 words

...education The teaching of girls and boys together in the same school and the same class. Whereas primary education has generally always been co-educational (although up to the 1950s there were often separate entrance doors for boys and girls), it was often the case in the first two-thirds of the 20th century that boys and girls would attend separate schools for their secondary education. Since the Education Act 1944 ( Butler Act ) the trend has been towards co-educational secondary provision. Some researchers suggest that boys achieve better in mixed...

Education Act

Education Act   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Education (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Education
Length:
807 words

...of these may be summarized as follows: Education Act 1902 Made the Board of Education centrally responsible for educational provision; created local education authorities Education Act 1918 Raised the school-leaving age to 14 Education ( Butler ) Act 1944 Reorganized education into three sectors we recognize today as primary, secondary, and further education Education Act 1979 Made the development of a comprehensive system of secondary education by local authorities optional rather than mandatory (by repealing an earlier Act of 1976 ), thus enabling...

inclusive education

inclusive education   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Education (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Education
Length:
166 words

...education Access to mainstream education, including equal opportunities for progression, for students with learning difficulties or disabilities. It reflects the principle that all learners, regardless of their learning difficulty or disability, should be able to take part in education or training to enhance their quality of life and lead to their improved integration into wider communities. The Tomlinson Report ( 1996 ) set out suggestions of ways in which to improve the organizational culture of learning and training institutions in order to...

prison education

prison education   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Education (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Education
Length:
173 words

...education Now more usually referred to as offender learning . The policy for the education and training of offenders falls under the remit of the Department for Business, Innovation, and Skills . The policy relating to younger offenders, the School Age Offender Policy, is under the aegis of the Department for Education . For both groups of offenders the teaching of literacy and numeracy are of primary concern, although education and training at all levels is made available as appropriate to offenders serving custodial sentences. All are entitled...

primary education

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A Dictionary of Education (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Education
Length:
162 words

...education In England and Wales this refers to provision for children aged 5–11. It is usually divided into two phases: the infant school for 5–7-year-olds, which delivers Key Stage 1 of the national curriculum , and the junior school for 7–11-year-olds, which delivers Key Stage 2. This system operates in all areas except those where first and middle schools have been introduced. It has been formally in existence since the Education Act 1944 ( Butler Act ), having replaced the system of elementary schools , which, up until the mid-1920s, took...

community education

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A Dictionary of Education (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Education
Length:
66 words

...education A concept and practice often linked to adult education , and involving the provision of courses and educational events outside the school or college premises in public or private buildings within the community. This type of provision is also referred to as ‘outreach’, since it reaches out to the community rather than requiring people to travel to the institution. See also widening access ; widening participation...

liberal education

liberal education   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Education (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Education
Length:
533 words

...students on skills training courses in technical colleges (now colleges of further education ), designed to broaden their minds and enhance their experience of learning. A liberal education is associated with the acquisition of knowledge which is theoretical rather than practical, reflective rather than instrumental, and valued for its own sake rather than acquired for some use. It is often understood today to be synonymous with a general education or academic education , inasmuch as these terms, too, are used to express the opposite of ‘vocational’ in...

multicultural education

multicultural education   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Education (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Education
Length:
51 words

...education Coverage in the school curriculum of topics which will develop in pupils a clearer understanding of the variety of cultures which go to make up a multicultural society. Its purpose is not only to increase knowledge and understanding but also to encourage tolerance and promote inclusion and social justice ....

religious education

religious education   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Education (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Education
Length:
126 words

...education ( RE ) This is a non-statutory part of the national curriculum at all stages, which means that parents can withdraw their child from part or all of the RE offered by their school. Each school’s curriculum for RE is drawn up locally, either by the individual school or by a representative body of parents, teachers, and faith groups from a number of local schools. The purpose of this is to ensure that the RE curriculum should reflect the cultural and religious background of the population from which the school draws its pupils. It is usual for...

Education

Education   Quick reference

David Hey

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
4,295 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...See John Roach , Secondary Education in England, 1870–1902 (1991). The educational system was completely reorganized in 1902 , when responsibility for providing elementary, secondary, and technical education was given to 330 local education authorities ( LEAs ) under a central Board of Education. The Elementary School Code of 1904 provided the rationale of the educational system until the 1960s. The ‘board’ schools became ‘council’ schools, and a new emphasis was placed on extending provision for secondary education. From 1906 the LEAs provided...

Education

Education   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,267 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... In Romantic-period parlance, the words ‘education’ and ‘culture’ had similar connotations and could be used interchangeably. The association of educative processes with the cultivation of human faculties suggests that much more was envisaged in the term ‘education’ than institutional instruction or learning. It was a term that could include the operation and application of much wider environmental influences, within nature as well as society, from earliest childhood onwards. This was certainly the general understanding—for all the differences in their...

Education

Education   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
2,401 words

...education. Some peace educators also note a difference in various contexts: they distinguish between peace education in war or postwar zones, in regions of intractable conflicts, and in relatively peaceful regions (Salomon and Nevo 2002 ). Peace education is a contribution to solve essential problems of any given society. That is why the foci of peace education programs differ from country to country. However, it is established that peace education includes topics such as disarmament education, human rights education, development education, global education,...

education

education   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Construction, Surveying and Civil Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

... A process of transferring knowledge, skills, and values. Typically involves the process of teaching, learning, and tutoring to obtain some form of qualification in a specific subject...

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