Update
The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.
Dismiss

You are looking at 1-20 of 18,775 entries  for:

  • All: economic Development x
clear all

View:

Overview

economic Development

An economic transformation of a country or a region that leads to the improvement of the well-being and economic capabilities of its residents.

economic development

economic development   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Economics (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
33 words

...economic development An economic transformation of a country or a region that leads to the improvement of the well-being and economic capabilities of its residents. See also Millennium Development Goals ; World Development Indicators...

economic development

economic development   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
54 words

... development The qualitative transformation of a local or national economy beyond economic growth alone. Development more generally may be understood to include social and environmental elements as well as economic ones. Because modern economies are highly complex there is ongoing debate as to which are the best quantitative measures of economic development...

economic development

economic development   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geography (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... development Taylor (2007) GaWC Res. Bull. 238 distinguishes between a growth in the economy, but with the same division of labour— economic growth —and the production of new commodities— economic expansion —where the division of labour is altered, creating a more complex economy. Taylor calls the former ‘old work’: ‘State economic planning has produced such through increasing old work. But this has its limitations.’ The second, he associates with cities ‘where cycles of new work generate vibrant, cosmopolitan city economies’. Frenken and Boschma ...

economic development

economic development   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

... development The historical process whereby the economic base of a country changes from a reliance on agriculture, forestry, and the provision of raw materials (primary industries) to the industrial processing of raw materials, then to the provision of services, and finally to reliance on high-technology industries and the obtaining, processing, and dissemination of information. In a less developed economy primary industries are likely to provide at least 50% of all employment and 70% of all export earnings. In a developed economy primary industries are...

Economic Development

Economic Development   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Irish History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
183 words

...for Economic Expansion. The impact of both publications was primarily psychological: the modest target for 2 per cent annual growth in GNP was exceeded, and public expenditure was also much higher than planned. However Economic Development is generally credited with reversing a mood of pessimism within the state, and with creating a vogue for French‐style economic planning. The fact that Sean Lemass succeeded Eamon de Valera as taoiseach less than a year after this report was published reinforced the impression that Economic Development signalled...

Economic Development

Economic Development   Reference library

Valentine M. Moghadam

The Oxford Encyclopedia Women in World History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History
Length:
2,106 words

... Development . Economic development became a prominent field after World War II in connection with the prospects of what came to be called underdeveloped, decolonizing, developing, or Third World countries. Between the 1950s and the 1980s a number of theories of economic development and various policy strategies emerged, and the growth of “development studies” reflected cross‐disciplinary interest in the subject. Themes included the role of agriculture and industrialization in economic growth, rural‐urban labor migration, employment creation, population...

Development, Economic

Development, Economic   Reference library

Kathryn Lafrenz Samuels

The Oxford Companion To Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
1,680 words

..., Economic Archaeology and cultural heritage are increasingly mobilized as resources for economic development. Archaeologists are therefore becoming more attuned to the development potential of archaeology in the countries and communities in which they work. Their expertise is sought not only for reconstructing the past, but also for advising how history might usefully improve life in present-day society. Archaeological material and cultural heritage are most often used for promoting economic growth through urban rehabilitation and heritage tourism....

Development, Economic

Development, Economic   Reference library

Robin A. King and Viviana Patroni

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
5,373 words

..., Economic [ This entry includes two subentries, an overview and a discussion of economic development in Latin America. ] Overview Economic development is a concept that has meant different things to different people at different times. Several key themes have run throughout discussions on the topic historically, the two more important being the role of inward- versus outward-oriented growth (which includes protectionism versus free trade) and the relative roles of the state versus the market. Economic Growth as Economic Development. Economic...

Economic Development

Economic Development   Reference library

John Majewski

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Business, Labor, and Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management, Economics
Length:
2,609 words

...and citizens questioned conventional wisdom about economic development. Debate raged about how to promote economic development without producing the glaring and growing economic inequality that came to characterize the United States between 1980 and 2012 . Clearly the history of economic development remains unfinished, and its impact remains in dispute, as it continues to influence society, politics, and culture. [ See also Business Growth and Decline ; Canals and Waterways ; Economic Growth and Income Patterns ; Globalization ; ...

Economic Development

Economic Development   Reference library

John Majewski

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
2,323 words

...nature of economic development. The earlier success of the U.S. economy created deep pools of capital, high levels of per-capita income, and a strong commitment to research and development that allowed new enterprises to flourish. Clearly the history of economic development remains unfinished, as it continues to influence society, politics, and culture. [ See also Antitrust Legislation and Law ; Charles River Bridge v. Warren Bridge ; Economic Policy: Banking and Financial Regulation ; Economic Policy: Medical Regulation ; Economic Policy:...

Economic Development.

Economic Development.   Reference library

John Majewski

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
2,249 words

...Economic Development. Economists define economic development as a sustained increase in per-capita income. While this definition is a good starting point, historians generally conceive economic development as a broader set of social and political changes. In the context of U.S. history, those changes include the settlement of a capacious frontier, the growth of large cities, a vast influx of immigrants, and the rapid spread of new technology . The complexity of these changes notwithstanding, the course of U.S. development can be traced through three major...

Economic Development

Economic Development   Reference library

Henry J. Bruton and William Easterly

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
5,110 words

... See also Economic Convergence and Divergence ; Economic Growth ; Economic Imperialism ; Labor Surplus Models ; and Living Standards . Bibliography Chenery, Hollis , and Allen M. Strout . Foreign Assistance and Economic Development . American Economic Review 56.4 (1966), 679–733. The two-gap theory is worked out here. Coale, Ansley J. , and Edgar M. Hoover . Population Growth and Economic Development in Low Income Countries . Princeton, 1958. Influential early model on relationship between demographic change and economic development. Edwards,...

Economic Development

Economic Development   Reference library

Seema K. Makhdoomi

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World: Digital Collection

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
4,114 words

... Development Programme (UNDP) . “Human Development Report 2010.” http://hdr.undp.org/en/statistics/hdi/ . United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). “2013 Human Development Report Summary.” http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR2013_EN_Summary.pdf . Wilson, Rodney . Economic Development in Middle East . London: Routledge, 1995. World Bank. Building Knowledge Economies: Advanced Strategies for Development . WBI Development...

Economic Development

Economic Development   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
3,259 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Timur . “ Why the Middle East Is Economically Underdeveloped: Historical Mechanisms of Institutional Stagnation. ” Journal of Economic Perspectives 18, no. 3 (Summer 2004): 71–90. Proposes several long-term mechanisms that delayed economic modernization. Lim, Chong-Yah . Economic Development in Modern Malaya . New York, 1967. Emphasizes trade, money, prices, and agricultural development. Mitchell, Brian R. International Historical Statistics: Africa and Asia . New York, 1982. Data on trade, population, production, taxation, and transportation, generally...

Community Economic Development

Community Economic Development   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...with and investment in poor communities by society as a whole. community development; asset building; social development; economic development; social capital Community economic development (CED) is an integrated approach to development that aims to build wealth, capabilities, and empowerment in low-income and low-wealth communities (Midgley, 1995 ). CED addresses structural inequality through community engagement and interventions that promote social and economic development and communities (Rubin & Sherraden, 2004 ; Sherraden & Ninacs, 1998 ). CED...

Aboriginal economic development

Aboriginal economic development   Reference library

Oxford Companion to Australian Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,602 words

...today its economic development presents significant challenges both to residents of discrete communities‐most created artificially by missionaries or by colonial fiat during the assimilation era‐and to the state. Economic development in such situations can have many meanings, ranging from a goal of equality that would seek to match economic well‐being as measured by standard measures such as per capita income for Indigenous people to that enjoyed by other Australians, to a goal based on equity, a recognition of difference and a view of development as a...

dualistic economic development

dualistic economic development   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Business and Management in India

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
81 words

...dualistic economic development The emergence of two distinct economic sectors within a country, differing by level of economic development, technology, or consumption patterns. Dualism is common in developing countries characterized by an efficient export-oriented sector and a sector focusing on domestic market needs. In India there is evidence of dualism within manufacturing, with a regulated sector of modern factories and a much larger informal sector offering poorer working conditions. There is also marked technological dualism between the industrial and...

Economic Development in Africa

Economic Development in Africa   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Africa

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

... Development in Africa Promotion of economic activity in Africa through means such as education, creation of new businesses, more efficient production, improved financing, and enhanced transportation facilities. For information on: General ideas about economic development: See Education in Africa ; Globalization and Africa: An Interpretation . African self-help economic development: See African socialism ; Botswana ; Southern African Development Community ; Economic Community of West African States ; South Africa ; Theater, African . African...

local economic development policy

local economic development policy   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geography (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...economic development policy Enterprises promoted by the public sector, or by public–private partnerships, to attract new enterprises and investment. Local economic development is conditional in its geography on land use plans and on the permissions made within the context of those plans ( Cox (2004) TIBG 29, 2 . See also Muir et al. (2000) Area 32, 4 ). Polèse and Shearmur (2006) Papers Reg. Sci. 85, 1 argue against using local economic development strategies as a means of arresting population and employment decline. Nonetheless,...

Disability and Economic Development

Disability and Economic Development   Reference library

Marc Suhrcke

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Health Economics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
5,765 words
Illustration(s):
2

...estimated that 14% of adults (aged 18+) have a disability, as measured by having at least one severe or extreme difficulty. Empirical Evidence on the Relationship Between Disability and (Economic) Development In an article entitled “Disability and Economic Development,” the obvious question arises: what precisely is the link between disability and (economic) development? Is it indeed the case that—as one would expect—the poorest countries have the highest levels of disability and that as countries grow richer and out of poverty, disability prevalence does...

View: