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duty

Subject: Philosophy

That which one must do, or that which can be required of one. The term carries implications of that which is owed (due) to other people, or perhaps to oneself. Universal duties would be ...

duty

duty   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Idioms (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
15 words

... duty a bounden duty : see bounden . duty bound morally or legally obliged to do ...

duty

duty   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Business and Management (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
17 words

... A government tax on certain goods or services. See excise duty ; import duty ; stamp duty ; tariff...

duty

duty   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Finance and Banking (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... A government-imposed tax on certain goods or services. See excise duty ; import duty ; stamp duty...

Duty

Duty   Reference library

Concise Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
7 words

... 1881: 57; Lancs. English: see Doughty...

duty

duty   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law Enforcement (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Law
Length:
42 words

... 1 A legal requirement to carry out or refrain from carrying out any act. Compare power . 2 A payment levied by the state, particularly on certain goods and transactions. Examples are customs duty , excise duty , and stamp duty...

duty

duty   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Law
Length:
43 words

... n. 1. A legal requirement to carry out or refrain from carrying out any act. Compare power . 2. A payment levied by the state, particularly on certain goods and transactions. Examples are customs duty , excise duty , and stamp duty...

duty

duty   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Weights, Measures, and Units

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

... engineering . BI-f.p.s. An early name for...

duty

duty   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Electronics and Electrical Engineering (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... A statement of the operating conditions and their durations to which a device is subjected, including rest and de-energized periods. Uninterrupted duty is the operation of a device without any off-load ( see load ) periods. Continuous duty is uninterrupted duty that continues for an indefinite time. Intermittent duty has on-load ( see load ) periods alternating with off-load periods. When the on-load periods are small in comparison with off-load periods the intermittent duty is termed short-time duty ; periodic duty occurs if the load conditions...

duty

duty (specific)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Social Work and Social Care (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... ( specific ) If legislation mandates a specific action then it must be done and a legal duty is placed on the public authorities concerned, such as local authorities or the National Health Service. Such duties are often referred to as statutory duties. In legislation a duty is often triggered by the words ‘shall’ and ‘any person’. With increasing pressure on resources, social workers usually find themselves in the position of only being able to carry out work where there is a strong specific statutory duty towards an individual person. In addition to...

duty

duty   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Chemical Engineering

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

...duty The power requirement for a machine or item of process plant such as a heat exchanger. The duty of a heat exchanger is dependent on the amount of liquid to be heated, cooled, vaporized, or condensed. The duty of a centrifugal pump is dependent on the flow delivered and pressure generated. The SI units for duty are watts or more usually kW or MW. ...

duty

duty n.   Quick reference

Concise Medical Dictionary (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
144 words

... n. what is owed to another person, creating an obligation or moral requirement to behave in one way rather than another. Duty may arise from rules or principles, such as the four principles of medical ethics, or from particular relationships (e.g. doctor and patient or parent and child). Dilemmas may arise where these duties appear to conflict or are unclearly delineated. The idea of duty as an absolute imperative that does not vary with circumstances is central to the tradition of Kantian ethics ( see deontology ). Doctors also have legal duties...

duty

duty   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
200 words

... That which one must do, or that which can be required of one. The term carries implications of that which is owed (due) to other people, or perhaps to oneself. Universal duties would be owed to persons (or sentient beings) as such, whereas special duties arise in virtue of specific relations, such as being the child of someone, or having made someone a promise. Duty or obligation is the primary concept of deontological approaches to ethics, but is constructed in other systems out of other notions. In the system of Kant a perfect duty is one that must be...

duty

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A Dictionary of Public Health (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...duty An obligation to act, perform a function; also the function itself. The obligation may be identified as part of a job description or a moral responsibility. See also fiduciary responsibility . ...

duty

duty   Reference library

R. W. Hepburn

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
188 words

... . Along with the concepts of ‘ ought ’ and ‘ obligation ’, the concept of duty expresses moral action as demanded or required . ‘The moral law’, wrote Kant , is, for us, ‘a law of duty, of moral constraint.’How is this cluster of concepts related to the contrasting cluster centring upon ‘good’and the realization of value? For some moralists (including Kant again), ‘Duty and obligation are the only names’for ‘our relation to the moral law’( Critique of Practical Reason ). For others, our duties, though not reducible to different terms, make sense only...

duty

duty   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Wine (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... is levied on wine importation and movement into circulation from bond in many countries at an extremely variable level. In general, countries in which viticulture is an economically (and therefore politically) important activity, such as France and Italy, tend to have extremely low duties on wine, while countries, such as the UK, which produce little or no wine, and/or those with restrictive policies on the sale of alcoholic drinks, such as Norway, tend to have high duties. Wine duty may be a flat rate per litre, as in the UK, or calculated ad valorem as...

DUTY

DUTY   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
259 words

...the duties of the spiritual life and the ceremonial and practical obligations, the “duties of the limbs.” The rabbis considered the performance of positively commanded actions, which expressed the desire to obey God’s will, morally superior to voluntary good deeds. Medieval philosophers maintained that duties of a moral nature, as distinct from ritual commandments, were independent of divine revelation since human reason and conscience would have formulated them. The philosopher Immanuel Kant asserted that true ethics must be “autonomous.” A system of duties...

Duty

Duty   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
525 words

...practicus . Duty, in mystical sensibility, is dictated by conscience by reason of the divine love ( Latin sermons , Jacob autem ). The aim of the literary genre of the Mirror ( Mirror of Princes , of saints, of the knight, etc.) was always to show the way of duty in connection with God 's plan in the world. The ordo universi is willed by God: to do one's duty is to enter into that order and hence into the will of God. Many authors, St Thomas particularly, do not confine the notion of duty to subordinates, but emphasize the duty of the rich towards...

Duty

Duty   Reference library

The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
2,128 words

...duties (related to the special duties of professions such as law , medicine , teaching), which trump or override ordinary duties and again characteristically run counter to utilitarian solutions in similar situations. Another important articulation is the correlativity thesis which holds that every duty has a correlative right (an ordinary feature of English) – though it is not always obvious that A's having a duty entails that anyone has a right to its performance, and even less obvious that B's having a right implies that someone has a duty to...

DUTY

DUTY   Reference library

Charles Baladier

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
4,026 words

...if debt is close to duty, this is because [D]uty is debt when there is an obligation not to do but to return something. There is debt when the task or expense or sacrifice demanded by duty is presented or thought of as restitution, a return, compensation. “To have to pay a hundred francs” is not the same thing as “to owe a hundred francs.” More precisely, “to owe a hundred francs” is a special case of “having to pay a hundred francs.” … As a model of duty, having-to-return is the guise taken up by other duties …. We go astray from duty pure and simple when...

Duty

Duty   Quick reference

Oxford Essential Quotations (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
591 words

... Duty see also Responsibility Do your duty, and leave the outcome to the Gods. Pierre Corneille 1606 – 84 French dramatist Horace (1640) act 2, sc. 8 When Duty whispers low, Thou must , The youth replies, I can . Ralph Waldo Emerson 1803 – 82 American philosopher and poet ‘Voluntaries’ no. 3 (1867) When duty whispers low whispers low, Thou must youth replies, I can Duty is what no-one else will do at the moment. Penelope Fitzgerald 1916 – 2000 English novelist and biographer Offshore (1979) Let no guilty man escape, if it...

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