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drama gong

Secular Balinese theatre created in the 1960s and influenced by a mixture of traditional Balinese theatre and music, modern genres such as arja, prembon, and stambul, and Western theatre. ...

drama gong

drama gong   Reference library

Kirstin Pauka

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
221 words

..., musical accompaniment provided by the gamelan gong orchestra, certain dances, and ritual preliminaries intended to bless the stage and performers. Western theatre influences are manifest in the acting style and in staging techniques such as painted backdrops and scenery , set pieces, lighting , and sound effects, and the occasional use of electronic instruments. A performance typically lasts from the evening until the early morning hours. Popular with younger Balinese audiences , drama gong has not (yet) been adapted for tourist performances,...

drama gong

drama gong  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Secular Balinese theatre created in the 1960s and influenced by a mixture of traditional Balinese theatre and music, modern genres such as arja, prembon, and stambul, and Western theatre. Clown ...
Khawng wong chai

Khawng wong chai   Reference library

Terry E. Miller

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
55 words

...Khawng wong chai . Gong chime of Thailand. Seven khawng chai gongs hang vertically, each in its own frame within an octagonally shaped stand. The player sits within this stand. It was devised in the late 19th century for performances of a theatrical drama called duek dam ban but is rarely used nowadays. Terry E. Miller ...

Kulintang

Kulintang   Reference library

José Maceda

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
1,808 words
Illustration(s):
2

...of four gongs, graded in pitch and played by one musician; their long resonances overlay each other and lend a homogeneity to the whole orchestra. Table 1 Instrumentation of some kulintang ensembles of insular South East Asia. Cultural Group Melody Instrument Percussion Timbres Suspended Gongs Gong chime Drum Bamboo pole or castanets One gong of the kulintang Plane-face gong Gong, or pair of gongs, with turned-in rim and high boss Gongs with narrow rim and shallow boss Heavy gong 1...

Pinnpeat

Pinnpeat   Reference library

Terry E. Miller

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
122 words

...the large shadow theatre, masked drama, and dance drama. Both the ensemble and its name are closely related to similar ensembles in Thailand ( piphat ) and Laos ( sep nyai/piphat ). Ensembles vary in size from minimal (five instruments) to large. A basic ensemble consists of roneat ek (higher xylophone), korng vung thomm (lower gong circle), sralai (oboe), sampho (drum), and chhing (small cymbals). As ensembles become larger, they add the roneat thomm (lower xylophone), korng vung tauch (higher gong circle), metallophones in two sizes (...

Hsaìng-waìng

Hsaìng-waìng   Reference library

Judith Becker and Robert Garfias

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
103 words

...(also called pat-waìng ). The hsaìng-waìng ensemble accompanies theatre performances such as the zat-pwè (all-night drama) and is the main ensemble for bala-zaìng or concert performances and for puppet shows. The ensemble also plays for most festive, outdoor, religious, and secular occasions. The instrumentation for a full ensemble includes the hsaìng-waìng (drum chime), the kyì-waìng (circular gong chime), the maùng-zaìng (gong chime), the hnè (oboe), the chauk-lòn-bat (set of six drums), walet-hkok (bamboo clappers), yagwìn (cymbals), and...

gamelan

gamelan   Reference library

Jeremy Montagu

The Oxford Companion to Music

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
409 words

...common to both systems, all instruments save the drums, fiddle, and the two great gongs are duplicated in each gamelan. They are normally set out at right angles to each other so that players face forward for slendro and turn to face right or left for pelog . The Balinese instruments and scales are similar in principle but differ in pattern and detail. Musical styles show a sharper difference, and Balinese gamelans are often louder and play faster than the Javanese. Dance dramas are more common than the shadow plays. Other ensembles proliferate in the islands...

Tawak

Tawak   Reference library

Patricia Matusky

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
427 words

...producing an indeterminate pitch. Some medium- or small-sized tawak are also called tigungo . In Sabah the type of hanging gong called tawak (or tawag ) can be made of bronze or brass; this type is known as agong in Murutic, Bajau, and Paitanic languages, and agung in Iranun. In Peninsular Malaysia the tawak appears in many traditional ensembles, including those of the wayang kulit shadow puppet play, the makyung dance drama, and the main puteri healing ritual ensemble, all of which use a pair of tawak (or tetawak ), one large (lower pitch,...

Balinese gamelan

Balinese gamelan   Reference library

Andrew C. McGraw

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
3,211 words

... ceng-ceng. A suspended kempur gong, klentong , and kempli outline the colotomy. The ancient gamelan gambuh , used to accompany the courtly gambuh dance drama, is dominated by the long, resonant gambuh suling bamboo flutes which can exceed a metre in length. A rebeb spike fiddle is added to the several suling to elaborate the principal melody. The usual battery of two kendang , klenang , and ceng-ceng are included alongside a suspended kempur, kemenak metal tubes, and the kangsi chime. A kajar gong chime reinforces the patterns...

Kebiar

Kebiar   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
928 words

...composite of seni (art), drama, and tari (dance). A juru tandak (singer–reciter) or dalang (shadow-puppet master) functions as solo vocalist and narrator, sitting amid the gong kebiar musicians with a microphone. Sendratari stems from the Javanese Rāmāyaṇa ballet, developed in 1962 under government sponsorship as an entertainment that could be understood by foreigners as well as Indonesians. In Bali the government high school of performing arts, KOKAR, adapted the Javanese idea to a Balinese style, using gamelan gong kebiar . Originally...

Gamelan

Gamelan   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
2,459 words

..., “to handle.” The Balinese make a clear distinction between gamelan krawang , or bronze instruments, and other kinds of ensembles, such as the bamboo gambang, jogéd bumbung , or the gaguntangan ensemble of arja dance drama. The distinctive features of Bali's major gamelan styles highlight shimmering resonances of gongs, gong-chimes, and metallophones, ranging five octaves and differing from those of neighboring Java in their explosive sonorities and phrasings. Although Balinese gamelan is chiefly an ensemble of percussion, the bamboo flute (suling) ...

Gamelan

Gamelan   Reference library

Margaret J. Kartomi and Maria Mendonça

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
7,835 words

...bossed gongs and drums ( prajuritan ) accompanies the prajuritan folk drama in eastern parts of Central Java and in East Java; this relates the story of the mythical battle fought between the Majapahit and Blambangan kingdoms in the 15th century. Also from Central and East Java was the gamelan kethoprak which accompanied performances of the kethoprak dance-drama. It originated in the 1920s in Surakarta and consisted of wooden instruments: three slit drums, a lesung (log drum), and a suling . The instrumentation was later radically altered, gongs and...

reog

reog   Reference library

Mohd Anis Md Nor

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
145 words

... pentul and tembem (a pair of comic interpreters), and other giant or comic characters. Movements from martial arts, improvised comic turns, and mime form the basis of reog dances, while music is provided by several drums, gongs, and a pair of angklung (bamboo idiophones). Reog is popular in both Indonesia and Malaysia . Mohd Anis Md...

gamelan

gamelan   Reference library

Hardja Susilo

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
156 words

...A unified court or folk musical ensemble comprised mostly of gongs and slabs (percussion instruments commonly made of bronze, brass, or iron). Although similar ensembles are found in other parts of South-East Asia, gamelan has developed into a large orchestra primarily in Bali and Java ( Indonesia ) that constitutes the principal musical accompaniment in all traditional and several contemporary theatre genres . A complete Javanese gamelan consists of ten to 50 instruments, including double-headed laced drums ( kendang ), a double-string spiked fiddle (...

mak yong

mak yong   Reference library

Mohd Anis Md Nor

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
206 words

...by the lagu menghadap rebab (singing in front of the rebab ). A heterophonic duet between the lead actor, played by a woman, and the chorus of dancers singing melismatic tunes accompanied by interlocking drum parts, gongs, and the rebab , creates a massive proliferation of pitches and dance movements as preparation for the dance-drama. Mohd Anis Md...

nat pwe

nat pwe   Reference library

Kirstin Pauka

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
196 words

...spirits of Buddhism, and 37 spirits based on legendary or historical figures. The latter were officially canonized during the reign of King Anawaratha in the mid-eleventh century and they are the focus of nat pwe performances. Accompanied by a small orchestra of drums and gongs, a female or male shaman called natkadaw (spirit wife) goes into trance while dancing and assumes the character of the nat that is to be propitiated. The shaman thus functions as intermediary between the human and spirit realm as healer or oracle, giving offerings and in turn...

zat pwe

zat pwe   Reference library

The Companion to Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
216 words

...a solo dance by the female natkadaw (spirit medium). Traditional zat pwe is accompanied by the saing waing orchestra which consists of the leading pat waing , a unique circular set of 21 tuned drums, the kyi waing , a circular set of bronze kettles, several other drums, gongs, clappers, cymbals, and wind instruments. A Western orchestra is often added in contemporary performances. Kirstin...

Wei Liangfu

Wei Liangfu   Reference library

Catherine Swatek

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
228 words

...chaotic and vulgar. More likely he was one of several musicians who refined Kunshan music in a period from 1506 to 1566 , establishing it as the pre-eminent style of southern drama (referred to as kunqu ). His Qulü ( Rules for Songs ), also disseminated as Nanci yinzheng ( Adducing Correct [Forms] for Southern Lyrics ), instructs composers to distinguish each song's mode ( gong ) and key ( diao ) and master each word's tone and articulation (‘clear’ or ‘turbid’), so that tune and text will harmonize. Other passages instruct performers to place beats...

gambuh

gambuh   Reference library

Kirstin Pauka

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
358 words

... by attendant and clown characters. Core melodic and rhythmic instruments of the gambuh orchestra consist of two to six flutes ( suling gambuh ), a set of paired drums ( kendang ), and a two-stringed fiddle ( rebab ). Additional punctuating and rhythm instruments include gongs ( kempur , kajar ), chimes ( kelenang ), metallophone ( kenyir ), cymbals ( rincik , kangsi ), metal cylinders ( gumanak ), and a bell tree ( gentorag ). Kirstin...

Baris

Baris   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
692 words

...Kawi (classical Balinese) lines and their interpretation into vernacular Balinese to his storytellers. This narrative dramatic form is rarely seen today. The dramatic baris of contemporary Bali is a solo dance without any narrative element, usually accompanied by the gamelan gong kebiar ensemble. Perhaps the most energetic of Balinese dances, it is generally performed by adolescent boys, who engage in a dazzling array of full-circle spins and leaps heightened by the gamelan's sudden cadences (angsel) . The gamelan music reflects every nuance of mood and...

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