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Overview

Downs

Subject: History

An anchorage much used during the days of sail. It is situated on the south-east coast of England and lies inside the Goodwin Sands, and between the North and South Foreland. The Goodwins ...

downsizing

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A Dictionary of Computer Science (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

... Informal Moving away from mainframe-based computer organization toward a distributed environment such as a network of...

downsizing

downsizing   Reference library

The Handbook of International Financial Terms

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

... .Seen as one of the likely outcomes from business process re-engineering (BPR) which involves a company deciding to operate the various parts of its business differently. This could include no longer having an in-house data processing department, and using an outside agency to undertake all such tasks. The resulting loss of people and function is called downsizing, or more congenially rightsizing . See also bifurcation ; divestment...

downsizing

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A Dictionary of Finance and Banking (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

... A reduction in the size of an organization, often associated with process engineering , to save costs and increase the flexibility and adaptability of the organization. In some instances this can be disadvantageous; it has been suggested that an organization can lose its business memory and experience a major decline in its morale if too many of its most experienced staff have taken early retirement or been made redundant as part of a continuing policy of downsizing. See also corporate anorexia ; rightsizing...

downsizing

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A Dictionary of Business and Management (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
68 words

... A reduction in the size of an organization, especially by cutting the number of direct employees. The main purpose of downsizing is to improve profitability by reducing costs, although there may also be gains in both focus and flexibility. Apart from the damage to staff morale, the main danger is that the loss of experienced employees will lead to loss of customers and ‘business memory’. Compare rightsizing...

downsizing

downsizing   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Finance and Banking (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... A reduction in the size of an organization, often associated with process engineering , to save costs and increase the flexibility and adaptability of the organization. In some instances this can be disadvantageous; it has been suggested that an organization can lose its business memory and experience a major decline in its morale if too many of its most experienced staff have taken early retirement or been made redundant as part of a continuing policy of downsizing. See also corporate anorexia ; rightsizing...

downsizing

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A Dictionary of Accounting (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
68 words

... A reduction in the size of an organization, especially by cutting the number of direct employees. The main purpose of downsizing is to improve profitability by reducing costs, although there may also be gains in both focus and flexibility. Apart from the damage to staff morale, the main dangers are that the loss of experienced employees will lead to loss of customers and ‘business memory’. Compare rightsizing...

downsizing

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A Dictionary of Human Resource Management (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
94 words

...downsizing means getting rid of employees. It may occur through redundancy or natural wastage . Organizations have been downsizing to cut costs and streamline their operations in the face of increasing intensity of competition. As well as the obviously negative consequences for the victims of downsizing, there are wider implications for those who remain in the organization. There is the fear of ‘who will it be next time’ and the inevitable work intensification for those who remain. Particularly vulnerable to downsizing are managers, because it is an...

downsizing

downsizing n   Reference library

Oxford Business Spanish Dictionary: English-Spanish

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
6 words
downsizing

downsizing n   Reference library

Oxford Business French Dictionary: English-French

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
7 words
downsizing

downsizing  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A reduction in the size of an organization, especially by cutting the number of direct employees. The main purpose of downsizing is to improve profitability by reducing costs, although there may also ...
downs

downs   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
26 words

... A word derived from Old English ‐ dun , meaning a hill. In southern England it came to mean the chalk uplands used as sheep...

Downs

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The Oxford Companion to Ships and the Sea (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
46 words

... , an anchorage much used during the days of sail. It is situated on the south-east coast of England and lies inside the Goodwin Sands , and between the North and South Foreland . The Goodwins provide shelter from all easterly winds, the land shelter from the...

Downs, The

Downs, The (England/UK)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...Downs, The , England/UK Rounded hills which take their name from dūn ....

Darling Downs

Darling Downs   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
187 words

...Downs , one of Queensland's most fertile pastoral and agricultural areas, watered by the Condamine River and its tributaries, is situated about 160 kilometres west of Brisbane. Discovered in 1827 by explorer and botanist Allan Cunningham , and named after Sir Ralph Darling , then governor of NSW, the Darling Downs district was settled in the 1840s by squatters such as the Leslie brothers who established the Canning Downs station near the present township of Warwick, one of the chief urban centres of the area. The regional capital of the Darling Downs is...

Downs process

Downs process   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Chemical Engineering

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

...Downs process A process used in the extraction of sodium by the electrolysis of a eutectic mixture of sodium chloride and calcium chloride at 580°C. The Downs cell has a central graphite anode and is surrounded by a cylindrical steel anode. Released chlorine is led away through a hood over the anode while molten sodium is formed and collected at the cathode. A small amount of calcium chloride is added, which lowers the melting point and the sodium chloride is kept molten electrically. Additional sodium chloride is added as it becomes exhausted....

Downs process

Downs process   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Chemistry (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Science and technology, Chemistry
Length:
139 words

... process A process for extracting sodium by the electrolysis of molten sodium chloride. The Downs cell has a central graphite anode surrounded by a cylindrical steel cathode. Chlorine released is led away through a hood over the anode. Molten sodium is formed at the cathode and collected through another hood around the top of the cathode cylinder (it is less dense than the sodium chloride). The two hoods and electrodes are separated by a coaxial cylindrical steel gauze. A small amount of calcium chloride is added to the sodium chloride to lower its melting...

Downs, Lila

Downs, Lila (9 Sept 1967)   Reference library

Brenda M. Romero

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
215 words

..., Lila ( b Tlaxiaco, Mexico , 9 Sept 1967 ). Mexican singer , composer , and anthropologist . She was already well known in Mexico when she emerged in the US mainstream with her performance in the film Frida ( 2002 ). Her father was Scottish American and her mother is Mixtec from Oaxaca, thus Downs grew up traveling back and forth between the United States and Mexico and between cultures. She began singing at the age of five and began formal classical voice studies at 14 at Bellas Artes in Oaxaca. She subsequently studied in Los Angeles and at the...

Downs, Johnny

Downs, Johnny (1913–1994)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the American Musical

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Performing arts, Music
Length:
246 words

..., Johnny [ Morey ] ( 1913–1994 ). Film and stage performer . An agile singer-dancer who usually played clean-cut college types in Hollywood musicals of the 1930s, he enjoyed a long career on stage and screen. The Brooklyn native was in films as a child, appearing in many silent shorts and playing one of the Our Gang kids for a time. As an adult he sang and danced in the Broadway musical Strike Me Pink ( 1933 ) and then returned to Hollywood where he had a bit part in Babes in Toyland ( 1934 ). He was then cast in juvenile roles in such B musicals as...

Darling Downs

Darling Downs   Quick reference

Kenneth Morgan

Dictionary Plus Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
62 words

...Downs An extensive pastoral farming region on the western slopes of the Great Dividing Range in south-eastern Queensland. The region was named after Ralph Darling, a governor of New South Wales. The largest city and commercial centre of the Darling Downs is Toowoomba. Manufacturing and viticulture are now found on the Darling Downs as well as continued agricultural production. Kenneth...

Down’s syndrome

Down’s syndrome   Reference library

A-Z of Plastic Surgery

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Medicine and health, Surgery
Length:
31 words

... syndrome Defects: • Epicanthus. • Oblique lid axis. • Strabismus. • Hypoplastic nose. • Hypoplastic jaw. • Macroglossia. • Lip ectropion. • Microgenia. • Submental fat collection. • Protruding...

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