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dispositif

This term of French law has its equivalent in Rule 95(1) of the I.C.J. Rules of Court of 1978 (I.C.J. Acts and Documents No. 6) as ‘the operative provisions of the judgment’. ...

dispositif

dispositif   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
33 words

... This term of French law has its equivalent in Rule 95(1) of the I.C.J. Rules of Court of 1978 ( I.C.J. Acts and Documents No. 6 ) as ‘the operative provisions of the...

dispositif

dispositif   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

... An organization of statements . The term is used by Michel Foucault to describe the systemic connection of statements. It is for this reason often translated as ‘apparatus’, although this doesn't really work as it is a virtual process rather than an actual entity. Its nearest cognate is probably Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari 's concept of the assemblage (certainly their writing suggests that they appropriated the concept and made it their own). Further Reading: C. O'Farrell Michel Foucault ...

dispositif

dispositif   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... ( apparatus ) An organization of statements and things. The term is used by Michel Foucault in his work on governmentality to describe the non-systemic connection of heterogeneous statements that exists in a contemporary formation such as the law which combines the discourse of law along with the architecture of courthouses, the costuming of judges and lawyers, as well as the administrative measures required to maintain it all. It is for this reason often translated as ‘apparatus’, although this does not really work as it is a virtual process rather...

dispositif

dispositif m   Reference library

Oxford Business French Dictionary: French-English

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
46 words
dispositif

dispositif nm   Quick reference

Pocket Oxford-Hachette French Dictionary: French-English (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
14 words
dispositif

dispositif  

Reference type:
Overview Page
This term of French law has its equivalent in Rule 95(1) of the I.C.J. Rules of Court of 1978 (I.C.J. Acts and Documents No. 6) as ‘the operative provisions of the judgment’.[...]
dispositif

dispositif  

An organization of statements. The term is used by Michel Foucault to describe the systemic connection of statements. It is for this reason often translated as ‘apparatus’, although this doesn't ...
Lyotard, Jean‐François

Lyotard, Jean‐François (b. 1924)   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
200 words

...for his earlier political involvement with the Socialisme ou Barbarie group and in the May 1968 movement. This philosophy is first developed in the monumental (and underrated) Discours, figure ( 1971 ), the essays collected in Dérive à partir de Marx et Freud and Des dispositifs pulsionnels (both 1973 ), and the scandalous Économie libidinale ( 1974 ), which marked Lyotard's break with Marxism and is essentially an attempt at a neo‐Nietzschean politics and aesthetics of intensity, developed from a non‐ Lacanian reading of Freud. Around the late...

Controller

Controller   Reference library

Hugh Davies and Anne Beetem Acker

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
620 words

...Controller (Fr. contrôleur, dispositif de contrôle ; Ger. Steuereinrichtung ; It. dipositivo di controllo ) . In electronic instruments, the device that transmits the player’s actions, via electrical connections, to relevant parts of the instrument’s sound-generating circuitry. Usually the controller is a keyboard (often permitting some level of touch sensitivity), but some are designed to utilise the techniques of string, wind, and percussion players. Other kinds of controllers include ribbon controllers, joysticks, slide or rotary faders, thumbwheels...

Metz, Christian

Metz, Christian (1931–1994)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Semiotics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Language reference, Linguistics
Length:
900 words

...psychoanalytical phase of film semiotics. Metz had undergone psychoanalysis himself and had read closely Sigmund Freud and Jacques Lacan . In Le signifiant imaginaire ( 1977 ), his thoughts on the subject begin with something as banal as “spectator positioning” ( le dispositif ) and its relationship to the mechanics of film projection, but these thoughts lead him quickly into considerations of the spectator's hypnosis by the projected images and to thoughts on the psychoanalytical experiences of identification in several senses of the term. The...

navies

navies   Reference library

Philip de Souza

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
905 words

... (1991); J. H. Thiel , Studies on the History of Roman Sea-power in Republican Times (1946), and A History of Roman Sea-power before the Second Punic War (1954); C. G. Starr , The Roman Imperial Navy , 2nd edn. (1960); M. Reddé , Mare Nostrum: Les Infrastructures, le dispositif et l'histoire de la marine militaire sous l'empire romain (1986); CHGRW (2007). Philip de...

Security Practices

Security Practices   Reference library

Thierry Balzacq, Tugba Basaran, Didier Bigo, Emmanuel-Pierre Guittet, and Christian Olsson

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
10,959 words

...which is best captured by Foucault’s notion of dispositif rather than by Bourdieu’s concept of field of fields (or field of power), since Foucault insists on the heterogeneity of these practices, which are not reducible to a single common denominator, or to any form of power/domination (of a field). The dispositif weaves agents and agencies together and connects agents/agencies to the tools/instruments they use, yet they remain heterogeneous. According to Foucault ( 1980 :194), a dispositif is a thoroughly heterogeneous ensemble consisting of...

Governmentality and Biopolitics

Governmentality and Biopolitics   Reference library

Benjamin J. Muller

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
9,541 words

... Dispositifs of Security In addition to the broad range of areas in IS regarding discourses of power, Foucault's work on biopolitics and governmentality has also had a profound impact on critical security studies. The central aspect of critical security studies lies in its contingent understanding of security itself. In other words, security is basically “comprised of different discourses of danger” ( Dillon 2007 :10). Not only is the notion of power as relational and something in circulation embraced here, but also what Foucault called the “ dispositif ”:...

Lyotard, Jean-François

Lyotard, Jean-François (1924–1998)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Semiotics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Language reference, Linguistics
Length:
1,286 words

...of Paris VIII. He also was a professor of French at the University of California, Irvine, before moving to Emory University. While pursuing myriad interests in his research and political activities, Lyotard wrote influential studies such as Discours, figure ( 1971 ), Des dispositifs pulsionnels ( 1973 ), La condition postmoderne: Rapport sur le savoir ( 1979 ), Le différend ( 1983 ), L'enthousiasme: La critique kantienne de l'histoire ( 1986 ), Heidegger et “les juifs” ( 1988 ), Peregrinations: Law, Form, Event ( 1988 ), and Le postmoderne...

Farfa

Farfa   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
1,094 words
Illustration(s):
1

...of Farfa: Target of Papal and Imperial Ambitions (Leiden, 1997) C.B. McClendon : ‘Liturgical Furniture at Farfa Abbey and its Roman Sources in the Early and High Middle Ages’, Meded. Ned. Hist. Inst. Rome , lix (2000), pp. 195–208 J. Enckell : ‘Forme architecturale et dispositif figuratif: L’exemple de la tour-clocher dans l’abbaye de Farfa’, Peintures murales médiévales XIIe–XVIe siècles: Regards comparés (Dijon, 2005), pp. 63–76 S. Boynton : Shaping a Monastic Identity: Liturgy and History at the Imperial Abbey of Farfa, 1000–1125 (Ithaca, NY, and...

The International Political Sociology of Risk

The International Political Sociology of Risk   Reference library

Luis Lobo-Guerrero

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
10,848 words

...the protection and promotion of species life ( Dillon and Lobo-Guerrero 2008 ). Central to its development has been the elaboration and application of Foucault’s idea of securité dispositif , translated into English as security apparatus. A dispositif , as described by Gilles Deleuze ( 1989 :159), “is a tangle, a multilinear ensemble.” As read by Rose ( 2000 :146), dispositifs are lines of connection among thought, technique, judgement, persons, forces, actions [which] make it possible for centres of calculation and deliberation to translate themselves...

Lyotard, Jean-François

Lyotard, Jean-François (b. 1925)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
3,454 words

...test his aesthetics. Among the most important artists studied by Lyotard are Paul Cézanne , Marcel Duchamp , and the artists of the quattrocento, where his Freudian analysis contrasts with phenomenological studies, notably by Maurice Merleau-Ponty ( Discours, figure, Des dispositifs pulsionnels , 1973 ). Lyotard argues that with Cézanne the dominance of representation in painting, established in the quattrocento, is overturned in favor of figures associated with intense feelings and desires. He is therefore interested in the mechanics of how desire is...

Lyotard, Jean-François

Lyotard, Jean-François (1925–1998)   Reference library

James Williams

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
3,937 words

...and test his aesthetics. Among the most important artists studied by Lyotard are Paul Cézanne, Marcel Duchamp, and the artists of the quattrocento, where his Freudian analysis contrasts with phenomenological studies, notably by Maurice Merleau-Ponty ( Discours, figure, Des dispositifs pulsionnels , 1973 ). Lyotard argues that with Cézanne the dominance of representation in painting, established in the quattrocento, is overturned in favor of figures associated with intense feelings and desires. He is therefore interested in the mechanics of how desire is...

cinema

cinema   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Semiotics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Language reference, Linguistics
Length:
2,588 words

...in the brain evokes questions of spectatorial identification. Jean‐Louis Baudry's contemporaneous articles complement Metz's ideas and, in fact, insist even more strongly than Metz does on the association between Lacan's mirror phase in an infant's development and the dispositif or screening position of a filmgoer. This phase of film semiotics carries its psychoanalytical implications to the conclusion that filmmakers and psychoanalysts alike are capable of hypnotizing their subjects and consciously do so. Other psychoanalytical approaches to cinema...

Ravenna

Ravenna   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Maritime History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Military History
Length:
2,646 words

...of the Galley: Mediterranean Oared Vessels since Pre-classical Times , edited by Robert Gardiner , pp. 78–85. London: Brassey’s, 1995. An authoritative short essay on the Roman imperial navy, with maps and illustrations. Reddé, Michel . Mare Nostrum: Les infrastructures, le dispositif et l’histoire de la marine militaire sous l’empire romain . Rome: École Française de Rome, 1986. This excellent French book is hard to obtain, but it is the most comprehensive and up-to-date study of the Roman imperial navy and its installations The book discusses evidence and...

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