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Gurzil Dispels the Darkness

Subject: Religion

(Libya) Gurzil, the sun god, was worshiped among the Huwwara of Tripolitania well into the eleventh century, long after the Arab conquest. This deity was a protector, a guide, ...

Hackett, Charles

Hackett, Charles (4 Nov 1889)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
263 words

...performance. He continued to sing until 1939 . Hackett made a number of records, including duets with Maria Barrientos and Ponselle ; they document a secure technique and a certain elegance, though there is also a sense of routine about them. That sense is completely dispelled by the sweep and finesse of his style in a recording of a Metropolitan Opera broadcast of Charles Gounod's Roméo et Juliette from 1935 . L. F. Holdridge : ‘ Charles Hackett ’, Record Collector , xxii (1974–5), 173–214 Richard Dyer , Elizabeth...

Sikkim

Sikkim   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
931 words

...with flowing scarves and an apron upon which is painted a protective, wrathful deity. The dancers wear huge, colorful masks, also wrathful in expression. In Buddhism, a non-theistic religion, a deity represents a state of mind; these protective deities often symbolize the dispelling of negative energies and the inviting in of positive, benevolent ones. [For related discussion, see India .] Chopra, P. N. Sikkim . New Delhi, 1979. Das, Amal Kumar . The Lepchas of Darjeeling District . Calcutta, 1962. Gowloog, Rip Roshina . Lingthem Revisited: Social...

Shostakovich, Dmitri

Shostakovich, Dmitri (25 September)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
1,434 words

...of Russian ballet music. Lopukhov, already much criticized for the modernism of his choreography, was dismissed from his position as director of the Maly (now Modest Mussorgsky ) Theater. Shostakovich was disgraced, and although the cloud over his reputation was somewhat dispelled two years later by the Fifth Symphony (subtitled “a Soviet artist's response to justified criticism”), he composed no more ballets; a later project for a ballet on the life of the nineteenth-century poet Mikhail Lermontov came to nothing. Shostakovich continued to be regarded...

Tiv Dance

Tiv Dance   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
1,317 words

...At village markets, held every five days, men and women perform in their separate teams for hours, encircled by dense crowds of enthusiastic spectators. Gifts of money are lavished on skilled performers, who hold a position of prestige because their dance has the power to dispel witchcraft and “mend the earth.” A dance song, “The Sun Is a Man, the Moon Is a Woman,” voices the contrast between men's and women's dance. Men express their strength in a variety of dance styles. In the ingough , they circle around four drummers in a dance divided into a...

Kohomba Kankariya

Kohomba Kankariya   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
1,028 words

...figures are also dramatized. Frenzied dances depict the chase of the boar by the King of the Flower. The closing ceremony, toward morning, is the shooting of the banana flower with the ceremonial bow and arrow. At the conclusion, the storehouse is pulled down and set on fire to dispel all evil influences. Of the various propitiatory dance rituals of Sinhala rural folk, the Kohomba Kankariya is the most elaborate and costly. For this reason, its performance is a rare event today. [For articles on other dance traditions in Sri Lanka, see Kandyan Dance ; Kandy...

Gloriana

Gloriana   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
1,494 words

...on public ceremonial. The difficulties Britten experienced with Gloriana , and its early reception, may help to explain why Britten failed to compose the much‐mooted King Lear and tended to avoid ‘grand opera’. His great achievements in this more intimate medium cannot wholly dispel a sense of regret for what might have been. Arnold...

Tibet

Tibet   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
2,980 words

...eliminating the obstacles which threatened to halt the construction of the first Buddhist monastery in Tibet. Dance was not considered contrary to religion but rather an integral part of its worship: Padmasambhava rose into the sky, where he performed a threatening dance that dispelled the opposition, and the shadow he cast on the ground marked the boundaries of Bsam-yas monastery. The oral tradition and the texts agree that the first known Buddhist dance in Tibet was performed during the time of Padmasambhava. However, other forms of masked dance and musical...

Armide (ii)

Armide (ii)   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
1,899 words
Illustration(s):
1

...a golden sceptre given them by a magician to counter Armide's magic powers. 4.ii The desert changes into beautiful country‐side and the two knights are in turn tempted by demons who have been transformed by Armide to resemble their beloveds. They are not deceived for long; they dispel these visions with the golden sceptre and go on their way towards Armide's palace, singing a duet of heroic resolution (‘Fuyons les douceurs dangereuses’). A ct 5 Armide's enchanted palace Armide is now committed to loving Renaud but fears she will lose him (as Hatred...

Fair at Sorochintsï, The

Fair at Sorochintsï, The   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
1,690 words

...bell and church singing put the demons and witches to flight. Grits'ko awakens and ponders his dream. (The autograph vocal score of this number, adapted from the Mlada music, is dated 10 May 1880 .) 3.ii c Parasya comes out of Kum's house, missing Grits'ko. The warm sun dispels her melancholy: she sings a merry song and breaks into a hopak. Cherevik spies her and joins in (‘Parasya's Dumka’: MS dated 3 July 1879 ; an orchestral score exists, begun by Musorgsky and finished by Rimsky‐Korsakov). d Kum and Grits'ko enter with a group of peasant lads and...

Tripudium

Tripudium   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
2,111 words

...must be considered in terms of the philosophical and theological beliefs that prevailed during the period in question. Creedally, the church holds that the human spirit is incarnate—not incarcerate—in the human body. Yet the church has only rarely and ineffectually attempted to dispel the strong current of Gnostic antimaterialistic dualism riding along on the underbelly of popular theology. [See Christianity and Dance .] In addition, the references to such a supposed tradition are both geographically and chronologically disparate, and the original compendium...

Caricature and Comic Art

Caricature and Comic Art   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
2,686 words

... ( 1966 ), Gorey describes the life of a dancer who becomes a star in a ballet called La Chauvre-Souris Dorée . Because caricatures are seldom concerned with preserving the theatrical illusion, they are often frank and informative about theatrical devices and machines and soon dispel any illusions about flying sylphs and vanishing demons. The practical realities of the theater are revealed—Cocteau, about 1911 , shows how Vaslav Nijinsky was revived after his famous leap in Le Spectre de la Rose —one helper supports his chair while another flaps a towel in...

Cecchetti, Enrico

Cecchetti, Enrico (21 June 1850)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
2,161 words

...choked out his life?(Beaumont, 1929) And in Petrouchka ( 1911 ), Cecchetti was the half-magician, half-showman, who caused three puppets to dance to the strains of his flute. Do you recall how cruel he was to Petrouchka, and how, when Petrouchka was killed by the Moor, he dispelled the growing suspicion of the crowd that murder had been done, by reducing the prostrate figure to a thing of wood and sawdust?(Ibid.) Cecchetti also created memorable roles in other Fokine works, including Kastchei in The Firebird ( 1910 ) and the Astrologer in Le Coq d'Or ...

Costume In African Traditions

Costume In African Traditions   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
2,618 words

...the large iron anklets that clank rhythmically as they walk or dance. In some societies, such auditory accompaniments to dance are not only aesthetically pleasing but also have sacred functions. Among the Yoruba in Nigeria, the sounds of certain leg rattles and bells are said to dispel negative forces, thus protecting as well as complementing the performer (Drewal and Drewal, 1983). Costume, Dance, and Change The dynamics of cultural change in Africa continuously shape modes of dance and dress. In the nineteenth century, the Beni (dance societies, from the...

Freischütz, Der

Freischütz, Der   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
2,567 words

...affirms her trust in God in the cavatina ‘Und ob die Wolke’. She has had a bad dream in which she saw herself as a white dove: when Max fired his gun she fell; the dove vanished and she was Agathe again, but a bleeding black bird lay at her feet. Aennchen enters and tries to dispel Agathe's anxiety. In a romanza and aria, ‘Einst träumte’, which Weber added to the opera for his first Aennchen, she tells a tale of a cousin who had fearful nightmares which resulted from the sound of the dog rattling its chain. The bridesmaids arrive and sing a folksong about...

Handmaid's Tale, The

Handmaid's Tale, The   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
2,437 words

...floor. Act 2.i–iii Offred's bedroom; the Commander's study; Serena Joy's sitting room Rita enters Offred's bedroom and finds the Handmaid asleep on the floor where she collapsed the night before. Mistaking her for dead, she drops the breakfast tray, waking Offred, who quickly dispels both Rita's fears and her subsequent suspicions of pregnancy. Later, in the Commander's study, Offred reads aloud from a fashion magazine – a forbidden act. Again he kisses her. During the monthly impregnation ritual, the Commander touches Offred's cheek, a strictly forbidden...

Wozzeck

Wozzeck   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
2,795 words

...world. Andres is untroubled and sings a folksong, ‘Das ist die schöne Jägerei’, to counteract Wozzeck's paranoia, but the scene ends with Wozzeck hearing noises under the ground and seeing the sinking sun as engulfing the world in flames. The orchestral interlude gradually dispels the atmosphere of menace with the first stirrings of the military band. 1.iii (Military March and Lullaby) Marie's house, evening Marie, her child in her arms, is watching the military band march by. The Drum Major acknowledges her, and the march provides the background to a...

Giselle

Giselle   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
3,828 words

...taste for the sensuous and exotic. This argument is convincing in the light of the original ending of the ballet, in which Bathilde returned to reclaim Albrecht. Here the more dangerous aspects of Romanticism are kept firmly in check: the mad girl dies, midnight terrors are dispelled by daylight, and the everyday world exerts its benevolent control. When this ending was changed, a darker meaning could be read into the ballet, as a Moscow critic did in 1850 : “The bewitched Albrecht would return to the glade the following night in the hope of finding the...

Götterdämmerung

Götterdämmerung   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
3,768 words
Illustration(s):
7

...orchestral interlude meditating on salient themes effects a transition from Hagen sitting malevolently on watch outside the palace to Brünnhilde sitting in innocent contemplation of Siegfried's ring outside the cave. The introduction of Brünnhilde's ex.2, with lighter scoring, dispels some of the oppressive atmosphere, but there remain enough pungent harmonies to suggest that trouble lies ahead. 1.iii The Valkyrie rock There is thunder and lightning and Brünnhilde sees her sister Waltraute approach on a winged horse (much use of the galloping Valkyrie motif)....

Ruslan and Lyudmila

Ruslan and Lyudmila   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
2,974 words

...astir’). With their dancing the magical maidens plunge Ratmir into a stupor in which he forgets Lyudmila; Gorislava, too, finds him oblivious. Ruslan now wanders in, lured by Naina . Transfixed by Gorislava he too forgets Lyudmila, to Naina's delight. But Finn appears and dispels the charms. The magical maidens disappear, the magic castle turns into a forest, Ruslan is ready to continue his quest, and Ratmir, now that he has found his true love in Gorislava, becomes our hero's ally. A ct 4 Chernomor's magic gardens, in the distance a river Lyudmila is...

National Ballet of Canada

National Ballet of Canada   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
4,939 words

...a special intensive summer school in Toronto, the recently formed Canadian Dance Teachers Association offered to sponsor Franca and her group in an audition tour of western Canada, which they promptly undertook. She and her board considered this tour an important opportunity to dispel the misgivings of those who feared that the new company would become just another locally oriented troupe. The National Ballet of Canada made its official debut in Toronto's Eaton Auditorium on 12 November 1951 . Despite the limitations of the largely inexperienced company...

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