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Overview

disembedding

In sociology, a process associated with modernization in which social relations have become increasingly spread across time and space, associated with a decline in traditional social ties ...

disembedding

disembedding   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
37 words

... In sociology, a process associated with modernization in which social relations have become increasingly spread across time and space, associated with a decline in traditional social ties (Giddens). See also distanciation ; compare re-embedding . ...

disembedding

disembedding  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
In sociology, a process associated with modernization in which social relations have become increasingly spread across time and space, associated with a decline in traditional social ties (Giddens). ...
embedded and disembedded

embedded and disembedded   Reference library

Dictionary of the Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
81 words

...and disembedded A key distinction in the formalist–substantivist debate within economic anthropology, initially proposed by Karl Polanyi . The terms describe the degree of separation of the economy from other social institutions, such as kinship or religion. Modern capitalist economies are said to be disembedded, and are thus interpretable, Polanyi argued, in terms of market rationality. Premodern economies are embedded in other institutional structures and are subject to other logics of behavior—in Polanyi's example, logics of reciprocity and/or...

embedded and disembedded

embedded and disembedded  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A key distinction in the formalist–substantivist debate within economic anthropology, initially proposed by Karl Polanyi. The terms describe the degree of separation of the economy from other social ...
transnational capitalist class

transnational capitalist class  

(TCC)‘That segment of the world bourgeoisie that represents transnational capital; the owners of the leading worldwide means of production as embodied in the transnational corporations’ (W. ...
localization

localization  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. A form of resistance to globalization promoting diversity and specialization and opposed to standardization and homogenization. Localization is often viewed in a dialectical relationship with ...
distanciation

distanciation  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. A synonym for aesthetic distance.2. A synonym for the Brechtian alienation effect.3. (sociology) A concept with both spatial and emotional dimensions, in which for individuals in modern society ...
network society

network society  

An emerging form of society where new communications technologies have enabled social relationships to form that are no longer geographically bounded. Castells sees networks as being composed of a ...
distanciation

distanciation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
93 words

...distance or closeness and physical distance or proximity in regular social relations . This is in part related to the affordances of modern media of interpersonal communication , which can help to sustain what might otherwise be weak ties . It is also a feature of disembedding . ...

localization

localization   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
82 words

...1. A form of resistance to globalization promoting diversity and specialization and opposed to standardization and homogenization . Localization is often viewed in a dialectical relationship with globalization. See also disembedding ; re-embedding . 2. The tailored promotion of products and services by international companies to consumers in particular countries or regions. For example, internationally produced television commercials are overdubbed by actors who talk with regional accents. Products may also be customized to meet the demands...

transnational capitalist class

transnational capitalist class   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geography (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2023

...an ungrounded and deterritorialized class. Transnational corporate interlocking is less about intercorporate control than it is about the construction of an international business community, and these elites have long been associated with the global city: embedded at work, and disembedded at home. However, Burris and Staples (2012) Int. J. Comp. Soc. 53, 4, 323 conclude that a transnational capitalist class is very far from being realized on a global...

network society

network society   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
164 words

...cut across or bypass the established organizational structures of civil society. As networks, the nodes are social actors , the connections are the relationships between them, and the flows are the patterns of exchange. See also communication network ; connectivity ; disembedding ; globalization ; networked individualism ; networked public sphere ; networking ; online sociality ; social media governance ; social networking site ; social networks ; space of flows ; compare global village . http://globetrotter.berkeley.edu/people/Castells/ca...

social ties

social ties   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
204 words

...argues that weak ties beyond the local community are important for large-scale social integration . The culture of urban modernity , characterized by increasing individualization , led to the weakening of traditional social ties, and globalization has led to their disembedding . A network of social ties constitutes an important part of social capital and facilitates social exchange, knowledge sharing, and social influence . See also social network theory ; social relations . 2. In social network analysis, relationships between individuals...

weak ties

weak ties   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
232 words

...contact, superficial bonds, and/or a narrow scope. However, sociologists argue that weak ties function to integrate large-scale social systems, facilitating social cohesion through the diffusion of norms , attitudes , and values ( see also bridging capital ; disembedding ; integration ). Granovetter argues that weak ties provide individuals with access to more people, and more importantly a more diverse range of people and ideas, since they are often less similar to ourselves than in strong ties. Diffuse links can aid the diffusion of ...

market economy

market economy   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
388 words

...in H 2 O. One of the major foci of the anti-capitalist protests at the turn of the millennium was the market economy. It has been suggested that by extending the market, the ethical and moral norms that govern ‘proper’ economic behaviour are eroded. Karl Polanyi called this ‘disembedding’ and argued that, if left unchecked, a market economy would create a ‘stark utopia’ in which many people and the non-human world become so much...

communitarianism

communitarianism   Reference library

Dictionary of the Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
377 words

...and strain of social theory. Political theorists such as Alasdair MacIntyre , Michael Sandel , Michael Walzer , Charles Taylor , and sociologist Robert Bellah diverged on many points but shared a critique of liberal orthodoxy, centered on its assumption of socially disembedded individuals as the basic units of analysis and on its failure to ascribe value to community as such. In the 1990s, under the leadership of Amitai Etzioni ( The New Golden Rule: Community and Morality in a Democratic Society , 1996 ), many communitarians took their arguments...

Smelser, Neil J.

Smelser, Neil J. (1930–)   Reference library

Dictionary of the Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
416 words

...and is broadly responsible for the task of “adaptation” to the environment. Smelser and Parsons also made an influential case for money as a “generalized medium of exchange” between the subsystems and challenged the attempt to base all economics on a microeconomic notion of disembedded, strategic individual action. Smelser continued to pursue these themes in Social Change in the Industrial Revolution ( 1959 ), where he applied the theory of “structural differentiation” to institutional development during the Industrial Revolution in Britain. In Theory of...

trust

trust   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
732 words

...and more recent writings alike. The broad consensus of this work is that modernity undermines the salience of kinship ties, breaks the hold of the local community, and questions the authority of religion and appeals to tradition. Giddens attributes these effects to various ‘disembedding mechanisms’ which detach social relations from local contexts and ‘restructure them across indefinite spans of time and space’. There are two classes of such mechanisms, both of which require a more abstract form of trust than in pre-modern circumstances: namely, symbolic...

language: learning word meanings

language: learning word meanings   Reference library

Margaret Donaldson

The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
2,043 words

... predicative function (as in uttering a comment on an adult-introduced topic) that appears to mark the threshold into early word combinations ( Dore 1985 , Griffiths 1985 ). But it is perhaps only with the advent of literacy that language starts to become sufficiently ‘disembedded’ to be considered and reflected upon as a system in its own right (cf. Donaldson 1978 and Perera 1984 ), so that linguistic contexts alone can begin to provide the basis for additions to the mental lexicon. (Published 1987) See also language development in children ....

Children’s Work in Africa

Children’s Work in Africa   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Africa

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...year. The contractual arrangement between man and mine wife regulated sexual behavior and delineated domestic activities. Wages circulated in the economy around the mine, which reduced the flow of support back to rural homesteads, exacerbating economic delocalization and the disembedding of production from local supply or control. The men’s long absences largely left women to manage the rural sector with only the help of children. The use of child labor during the colonial period generated profits for capitalists while radically altering the conditions of...

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