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Overview

desire

Subject: Philosophy

The standard model of human motivation, sometimes called the ‘Humean’ theory of motivation, is that it takes a desire and a belief. Belief by itself will not suffice, unless the objects of ...

desire

desire   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
166 words

...Humean theory, seeing ‘desire’ as a respectable theoretical category, identified by its role in systematizing the explanation of agents. Salient questions include whether we always do what we desire to do, whether we can control our strongest desires, and how motivation by desire compares with motivation by principle. Major philosophies of life, including Buddhism and Stoicism , have presented the overcoming of desire as an ideal. See apathy , eros , summum bonum...

desire

desire   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Bible (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion
Length:
53 words

... * Ezekiel 's wife is called the ‘desire’ (AV; ‘delight’, NRSV) of his eyes; the object of his * love , who died (Ezek. 24: 18). The word in * Hebrew expresses strong emotion, and desire could turn to evil * covetousness , as for * money (1 Tim. 6: 9), and to a greed approaching * idolatry (Col. 3:...

desire

desire   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
735 words

...(narrow) desire, that intending is simply (narrowly) desiring to do something and believing one will do it, and so on. There is an important distinction to make between desires for things wanted merely as means to some further end (instrumental desires) and desires for things wanted for their own sakes (intrinsic desires). A person who wants to own yellow paint, for example, typically desires the paint only as a means to some other goal, such as having a cheerfully coloured kitchen, and in this case the desire is clearly instrumental. Intrinsic desires are a...

desire

desire   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Politics
Length:
144 words

...desire Concept used to describe the disposition to act to get something that is desired, or the longing for something which may be concrete or abstract (an object, a feeling). The psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud famously supposedly asked ‘what does woman want?’, suggesting the impossibility of knowing what women desire. This was picked up by feminists who discussed the absence of women from knowledge production as a reason for this lack of knowledge about women’s desire. Feminist psychoanalysts also disputed Freud’s claims of the Electra complex and of penis envy...

desire

desire   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

... One of the fundamental powers of reason according to Immanuel Kant , which is able to exercise its judgement without the mediation of pleasure . In critical theory desire and pleasure are usually opposed to one another—desire is treated as a continuous flow, while pleasure is treated as an arrest of that flow, or an irruption that somehow brings desire to an end. For this reason desire is often categorized as sacred, while pleasure is consigned to the profane. There are two different debates concerning desire. The first is whether desire is cognitive...

desire

desire   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... One of the fundamental powers of reason according to Immanuel Kant , which is able to exercise its judgement without the mediation of pleasure . In critical theory desire and pleasure are usually opposed to one another—desire is treated as a continuous flow, while pleasure is treated as an arrest of that flow, or an irruption that somehow brings desire to an end. For this reason desire is often categorized as sacred, while pleasure is consigned to the profane. There are two different debates concerning desire. The first is whether desire is cognitive...

desire

desire   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
82 words

... . Broad English term for which there is no single Sanskrit or Pāli equivalent. Instead, Buddhist psychology classifies the affective impulses according to their various objects. Desire for unwholesome things is generally known as tṛṣṇā , closer in meaning to the English ‘craving’. Other forms of desire, which may be good, bad, or neutral, are analysed into the three forms of chanda . From this it can be seen that the often-encountered notion that Buddhism teaches that all desire is wrong is an...

desire

desire   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Film Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
411 words

...the spectator through identification with a character. Relatedly, desire can be seen as intrinsic to the relationship between film text and spectator: for example, it is held to be a central feature of the classic realist text , with its generation, and satisfaction, of a desire for narrative closure. In psychoanalytic film theory , the spectator's subjectivity is regarded as inherently desiring: desire is built into the cinematic apparatus ; and voyeurism is a perfect engine of desire because it is so clearly shaped by lack. Predicated upon...

desire

desire   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Marketing (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
53 words

... The phase in a marketing sequence that follows from the creation of awareness , then interest and is usually the stage when the customer actually deeply wants the product or service that is being marketed. Desire is the state viewed as being a precursor to actual purchase. See also aida...

desire

desire   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
198 words

... Desire refers to the psychological aspects of sexuality, particularly fantasies, operating both consciously and unconsciously. It is distinct from both the biological aspects of sexuality—the body and its sensations, its ability to reproduce, and sexual acts—and the social and political aspects, including sexual identity and sexual relationships. Although we experience pleasure and pain through our bodies, arguably much of this is in fact a result of the psychological aspects of fantasy and desire. Psychoanalytic theory has explored these issues in...

DESIRE

DESIRE   Reference library

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
191 words

... The etymology of “desire” is highly informative. The word comes from the Latin desiderare , composed of the privative de - and sidus , sideris (star). Thought to be an ancient term from divinatory or maritime language, desiderare literally means “to stop seeing the star,” “to condemn the absence of, to miss,” while considerare means “to see the star,” “to examine with care or respect.” The term appears here first insofar as it is relevant to the vocabulary of psychoanalysis, and more precisely, as one of the received translations of the Freudian ...

Nisard Désiré

Nisard Désiré (1806–88)   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
33 words

...Désiré ( Jean‐Marie‐Napoléon Désiré Nisard ) ( 1806–88 ). French journalist , professor , and literary critic , a firm defender of 17th‐c. classicism and adversary of the Romantics . He produced a study of the Bibliothèque ...

Désiré, Artus

Désiré, Artus (c.1510–1579)   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
50 words

..., Artus ( c. 1510–1579 ). Normandy priest , poet , and polemicist , whose numerous writings against the Reformers are marked by vituperative satire and parody, and illustrate the intensity and intolerance of contemporary propaganda; his Contrepoison des 52 chansons de Cl. Marot ( 1560 ) parodies and debunks Marot 's influential psalm paraphrases. [ Michael Heath...

Mapping Desire

Mapping Desire   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
79 words

...Desire A text by David Bell and Gill Valentine (eds.), published in 1995 , that helped to establish the study of the geographies of sexuality . Drawing on critical social theory, queer theory , and emerging debates in cultural geography concerning identity, cultural politics, and citizenship, the book provided a wide-ranging overview of the spaces of sex and the sexing of space with respect to gay men, lesbian women, bisexuals, and transsexuals. See also gay geographies ; heteronormativity ; lesbian geographies...

Défauw, Désiré

Défauw, Désiré (1885)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Music (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music
Length:
77 words

...Désiré ( b Ghent , 1885 ; d Gary , IN, 1960 ) American violinist and conductor , born in Belgium. London début 1910 . Formed Allied Str Qt (which incl. L. Tertis ) 1914–18 . Prof. at Brussels Cons. from 1926 . Cond. Défauw concerts and Brussels Cons. orch ( 1926–40 ). Est. Orchestre National de Belgique 1937 . Went to USA 1938 . Cond., Chicago SO 1943–7 . Returned to Belgium 1949 but then went back to USA as cond. Gary SO 1950–8...

Defauw, Désiré

Defauw, Désiré (5 Sept 1885)   Reference library

Arthur Jacobs

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
252 words

...with the Brussels Conservatory Orchestra and the Chicago SO, mainly of the standard repertory but including what appears to have been the first recording of Prokofiev's Scythian Suite (with the Chicago SO). Bibliography M. Herzberg : Désiré Defauw: portraits et souvenirs (Brussels, 1937) L. Ainey : Désiré Defauw et la Société des concerts symphoniques de Montréal (1940–1955) (thesis, U. of Montreal, 2004) Arthur Jacobs...

inhibited sexual desire

inhibited sexual desire n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...sexual desire n . Another name for female sexual interest/arousal disorder and male hypoactive sexual desire disorder...

sexual desire disorder

sexual desire disorder n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...desire disorder n . Another name for male hypoactive sexual desire disorder and female sexual interest/arousal disorder...

Véron, Louis‐Désiré

Véron, Louis‐Désiré (1798–1867)   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
24 words

...Louis‐Désiré ( 1798–1867 ). French newspaper proprietor . A doctor by training, he founded the Revue de Paris and later bought and developed Le Constitutionnel...

belief and desire

belief and desire   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
369 words

...and desire . Familiar states of mind that do much theoretical work in some philosophical spheres and are topics of philosophical analysis. A popular way of understanding belief, desire, and the differences between them features the notion of direction of fit. It is said that the defining aim of belief is to fit the world, whereas that of desire is to get the world to fit it. According to a notion of satisfaction and a notion of content that apply to beliefs and desires, a belief that p and a desire that p have the same satisfaction condition—its being...

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