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della Scala family

The dynasty that ruled Verona and its territory from 1259, when Mastino I became capitano, until 1387, when the family was dislodged by Gian Galeazzo Visconti. After the death of ...

della Scala family

della Scala family   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
390 words

... Scala family or Scaligeri family , The dynasty that ruled Verona and its territory from 1259 , when Mastino I became capitano , until 1387 , when the family was dislodged by Gian Galeazzo Visconti . After the death of Mastino in 1277 , power passed to Alberto della Scala ( d. 1301 ). Alberto had three sons who succeeded him as signore : Bartolomeo ( d. 1304 ), who was confirmed as ruler by popular vote, Alboino ( d. 1311 ), and Cangrande ( 1291–1329 ). Cangrande (born Canfrancesco della Scala) had been joint ruler of Verona with his...

della Scala family

della Scala family  

The dynasty that ruled Verona and its territory from 1259, when Mastino I became capitano, until 1387, when the family was dislodged by Gian Galeazzo Visconti. After the death of ...
Della Scala

Della Scala  

An extremely influential Ghibelline political dynasty that controlled the city-state of Verona from 1277 to 1387. During the early 1200s, the della Scala (or Scaliger) family steadily grew more ...
Brescia

Brescia  

A fortified city and episcopal see in Lombardy. In 1426 Brescia passed from the Visconti family to Venice, to which it belonged until 1797. In February 1512, during the Wars ...
signoria

signoria  

‘For all the towns of Italy are full of tyrants’, wrote Dante at the beginning of the 14th century. He designated under this term those who seized power by taking ...
Carlo Fontana

Carlo Fontana  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1638–1714).Italian Baroque architect. Born near Como, he lived in Rome from the early 1650s, and assisted Cortona, Rainaldi, and Bernini. For the last he worked on the design of the Piazza di San ...
Gonzaga

Gonzaga  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Italian family, rulers of Mantua from 1328 to 1707, who at several different periods attracted to their court some of the greatest Italian and other European artists. Under Ludovico (1412–78; reigned ...
Padua

Padua  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
Thirty-five km west of Venice between the Bacciglione and Brenta rivers. A Roman foundation, Padua was an episcopal see by the mid 3rd century and a comital seat under the ...
Verona

Verona  

From Roman times Verona was a major commercial centre, linking the passage across the Alps into Germany with the east–west route connecting Milan with Padua and the Adriatic coast. After ...
Scala, della

Scala, della   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
509 words

..., della An extremely influential *Ghibelline political dynasty that controlled the *city-state of *Verona from 1277 to 1387 . During the early 1200s , the della Scala (or Scaliger) family steadily grew more important and, by Ezzelino ’s demise in 1259 , was well positioned to vie for power. Mastino I della Scala (d. 1277 ) appeared as * podestà of the * popolo in 1259 . By 1276 , Mastino was the unofficial, but de facto , head of the city. His assassination the next year traditionally marks the beginning of the Scaliger dynasty,...

Robbia, della

Robbia, della   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
497 words
Illustration(s):
2

...della . Italian family of sculptors and potters. Andrea della Robbia: Annunciation, tin-glazed terracotta (Città di Castello, Pinacoteca Comunale) Scala / Art Resource, NY Luca della Robbia ( b ? Florence , July 1399–July 1400; d Florence , 20 Feb 1482) founded the family sculpture workshop in Florence and is credited with the invention of the tin-glazed terracotta sculpture for which the family became well known, and so inaugurated the family tradition of using a ceramic medium for decorative sculpture. His nephew Andrea della Robbia ( b ...

Della Scala

Della Scala   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Italian Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
164 words

... Scala . Also known as the Scaligeri, the Della Scala family were prominent in Verona from the 12th c., acquiring the lordship or signoria of the city in 1277 . Especially under Cangrande I ( 1291–1329 ) they greatly extended their dominions. Following defeat by a rival coalition ( 1337–9 ), their rule contracted to Verona and Vicenza , from which they were expelled by Giangaleazzo Visconti ( 1387 ). Their appreciation of magnificence can be seen in the residences and tomb monuments they built in Verona. Confirmed Ghibellines ( see Guelfs And...

Verona

Verona   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
62 words

...City on the River Adige, ne Italy, capital of Verona province. The city was captured by Rome in 89 bc and still has a Roman amphitheatre. It prospered under the Della Scala family in the 13th and 14th centuries, and was held by Austria from 1797 to 1866 , when it joined Italy. Industries: textiles, chemicals, paper, printing, wine. Pop. ( 2000 )...

Milan

Milan   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
125 words

...was a powerful Italian state under the Sforza family from 1447 to 1535 , when the Spanish seized control. Ruled by Napoleon from 1796 to 1814 , he claimed the city as capital of his Italian kingdom. It then fell to the Austrian Habsburgs before becoming part of Italy in 1860 . Milan is Italy's leading commercial, financial, and industrial centre. Sights include Leonardo da Vinci 's Last Supper ( 1495–98 ) in the Convent of Santa Maria della Grazie , a white-marble cathedral ( 1386–1813 ), and La Scala opera house. Industries: motor vehicles,...

Scaliger, Julius Caesar

Scaliger, Julius Caesar   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
105 words

...Julius Caesar , or (French) Jules-César Scaliger or (Italian) Giulio Cesare Scaligero ( 1484–1558 ), Italian scholar, physician, and literary theorist in France. He claimed to be a descendant of the Veronese della Scala family. As a young man he entered the Franciscan Order, and later became a soldier. His best-known works were Oratorio pro M. Tullio Cicerone ( 1531 ), an embittered attack on Erasmus , and Poetices libri septem ( 1561 ), an Aristotelian treatise on literary theory which proved to be a seminal influence on notions of decorum...

signore

signore   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
131 words

...their rule by acquiring prestigious, feudal, hereditary titles from their imperial or papal overlords: count ( conte ), marquis ( marchese ), or duke ( duca ), as in the case of the Gonzaga and the Este . Signori generally came from prominent local or regional families, such as the della Scala ; less often they were, like the Sforza , condottieri . J. E. Law , The Lords of Renaissance Italy ...

Scala, della

Scala, della   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

..., della [ Scaligeri ] Italian family of rulers and patrons . The della Scala of Verona were exceptional among the 14th-century Signorial families of north Italy in having no original pretensions to nobility. The family fortune was founded on trade, the chief basis for Veronese prosperity in the 13th and 14th centuries, and the Scaligeri typically became lawyers or administrative officials under the Veronese Comune and the subsequent rule of Ezzelino III da Romano ( d 1259 ). From 1259 the family, with Mastino I ( d 1277 ) at its head, swiftly...

Vicenza

Vicenza   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
244 words

...successively by the della Scala family of Verona ( 1311–87 ), by the Visconti family of Milan, and by Venice (from 1405 ). Prominent Vicentines include the dramatist Gian Giorgio Trissino and the navigator Antonio Pigafetta ; the painter Bartolommeo Montagna spent much of his working life in Vicenza. The most famous son of Vicenza is Andrea Palladio , whose buildings were continued by Vincenzo Scamozzi . Palladian buildings in the city include the arcades of the Basilica (not a church, but a transformation of the Palazzo della Ragione of 1444 ),...

Parabiago, Battle of

Parabiago, Battle of   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...Lodrisio’s brothers, Lucchino and Giovanni. In 1339 , Lodrisio formed an army from the veterans of the recently concluded della Scala wars. As was unfortunately often the case in Italy, the wars were complex and involved leagues. The della Scala wars began in 1337 (or perhaps earlier), when a league consisting of Florence, Venice, Milan, the Este family, and Gonzaga family (and some more minor players) formed to oppose Mastino della Scala of Verona, who had moved aggressively to increase his state in northern Italy. The league eventually won in 1339 . The...

Scaliger, Joseph Justus

Scaliger, Joseph Justus (1540–1609)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
139 words

...many classical authors. He angered the Jesuits and retired from France to Lausanne in 1572 , and subsequently to Leiden. He was attacked in his old age by Gaspar Scioppius ( 1576–1649 ) on behalf of the Jesuits, who contested the claim of the Scaligers to belong to the Della Scala family. See Anthony Grafton , Joseph Scaliger: A Study in the History of Classical Scholarship (2 vols, 1983, 1993)....

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