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deficit model

A perspective which attributes failures such as lack of achievement, learning, or success in gaining employment to a personal lack of effort or deficiency in the individual, rather than to ...

deficit model

deficit model   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Education (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Education
Length:
244 words

...in the unemployed themselves, rather than from economic trends. The deficit model of teaching, in which the teacher provides the learning to make good a deficit, stands in direct contrast to the belief that the teacher’s role is to draw out learners’ tacit knowledge and understanding through questioning and facilitation. The deficit model perspective is also apparent in the view expressed in some discourses about learner attainment and behaviour which suggest that it is a deficit of some kind in the teacher’s performance which leads to such problems,...

deficit model

deficit model   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
71 words

... model The idea that the general public lacks sufficient scientific and technical literacy to make informed judgements on scientific controversies. The solution is therefore to increase the public understanding of science through better education and communication. The model is criticized for underestimating public knowledge and assuming rational communication is enough to sway minds. It also downplays the role of the scientific community’s own interests. See also sociology of scientific knowledge...

The Information Deficit Model and Climate Change Communication

The Information Deficit Model and Climate Change Communication   Reference library

Brianne Suldovsky

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Climate Change Communication

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...the deficit model more effectively within climate change communication. Why the Deficit Model Persists There is substantial discussion within science communication regarding why the deficit model persists despite the long-standing theoretical and pragmatic criticisms against its use. The journal Public Understanding of Science , for example, published a collection of articles focused on the persistence of the deficit model in science communication. In this issue, scholars discuss many different issues that support the persistence of the deficit model in...

deficit model

deficit model  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A perspective which attributes failures such as lack of achievement, learning, or success in gaining employment to a personal lack of effort or deficiency in the individual, rather than to failures ...
Land

Land   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,951 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...The sugar produced by slave and indentured labour in the British-controlled colonies of the West Indies became a part of the staple diet of the English labouring class, who were now attracted to the stimulants of tea and coffee with sugar, in part to compensate for nutritional deficits caused by the erosion of their customary rights and their changing role as wage labourers [ see *slavery, 6 ]. Within Britain, the attack on the community's rights to its environment, backed up by the military, is linked to the perceived growth of crime in the city. In London,...

Orem's model

Orem's model  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(or-ĕmz)a model for nursing based on the self-care deficit theory of nursing, in which patients are seen as able, when they are well, to initiate and perform activities on their own behalf, in order ...
cyclical adjustment

cyclical adjustment  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The adjustment of figures such as gross domestic product, government spending, or the budget deficit to show what they would be if total activity was at its trend or normal level. This is usually ...
BP curve

BP curve  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A curve depicting balance of payments equilibrium in the IS–LM model. The BP curve is drawn on the same diagram as the IS and LM curves and shows combinations of Y (gross domestic product) and r (the ...
source–sink dynamics

source–sink dynamics  

An ecological model that is used to describe population changes in two habitats, both occupied by the same species. One habitat is of high quality and allows a population to increase (i.e. births + ...
remedial

remedial  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Previously used to describe education or special classes provided as a remedy for those whose achievement was significantly below the level expected of their year group. Because it presents a deficit ...
deliberative democracy

deliberative democracy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A critical response to traditional models of democracy. Although deliberative democracy encompasses a broad spectrum of ideas, the motivational aim of deliberative theory is to legitimize political ...
Germany

Germany  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Politically powerful in Europe, Germany also has a large and successful economy, though it is becoming less competitiveGermany has three main geographical regions. From the North Sea and Baltic ...
deficit financing

deficit financing   Reference library

The Handbook of International Financial Terms

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

... financing . The use of a fiscal deficit by a government as an instrument of economic policy. The classic Keynesian economic model proposes that governments run deficits in periods of recession counterbalanced by surpluses in periods of high economic...

remedial

remedial   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Education (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Education
Length:
64 words

... Previously used to describe education or special classes provided as a remedy for those whose achievement was significantly below the level expected of their year group. Because it presents a deficit model of the learner it is now considered by many to be an unacceptable term, and has been largely superseded by the concept of special education. See also special educational needs...

cyclical adjustment

cyclical adjustment   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Economics (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
74 words

...cyclical adjustment The adjustment of figures such as gross domestic product , government spending, or the budget deficit to show what they would be if total activity was at its trend or normal level. This is usually done in the framework of a particular model showing how these aggregates are related to the level of activity, and a model of the long-run trend in activity; thus, the results obtained using different models may...

Orem’s model

Orem’s model n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Nursing (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Medicine and health
Length:
77 words

...model [ or -ĕmz] n. a model for nursing based on the self-care deficit theory of nursing, in which patients are seen as able, when they are well, to initiate and perform activities on their own behalf, in order to maintain life, health, and wellbeing. Infants, children, the elderly, the disabled, and the ill may require assistance or complete care with these activities. See also nursing models . [ D. Orem ( 1914–2007 ), US nurse...

Madame

Madame   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...king or the dauphin . See also monsieur . Madam Cresswell See under cresswell . Madame Butterfly See under butterfly . Madame Déficit See under déficit . Madame Sans-GÊne See under sans . Madame Tussaud’s The widely known London exhibition of wax models of prominent as well as notorious people established by Marie Tussaud (née Grosholtz) in 1802 . She was born at Bern in 1760 and was taught the art of modelling in wax in Paris and in due course gave lessons to Louis XVI ’s sister, Madame Élisabeth . After a short imprisonment during the...

deliberative democracy

deliberative democracy   Quick reference

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
178 words

...to traditional models of democracy. Although deliberative democracy encompasses a broad spectrum of ideas, the motivational aim of deliberative theory is to legitimize political decisions by creating procedures that allow democratic decisions to be a result of mutual understanding, publicly expressed reason, and broadened political inclusion. This position is contrasted with democratic models that have traditionally relied on ideas of competing elites, vote aggregation, and private interest maximization. Whereas traditional models focus on aggregative...

BP curve

BP curve   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Economics (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
111 words

...BP curve A curve depicting balance of payments equilibrium in the IS – LM model . The BP curve is drawn on the same diagram as the IS and LM curves and shows combinations of Y ( gross domestic product ) and r (the interest rate) at which the overall balance of payments is in equilibrium. This means that the current and capital account balances of payments sum to zero. As higher Y tends to produce a current account deficit, and higher r tends to produce a capital account surplus, the BP curve is upward sloping. If international capital...

austerity

austerity   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Resource Management (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
127 words

...expenditure in order to reduce public deficits in the wake of the global financial crisis of 2008 . Austerity has been identified as a major cause of change within public-sector HRM, leading, in some countries, to the break-up of established systems of collective bargaining and to widespread job losses and changes to the terms and conditions of employment of public-sector workers. It has been identified as a threat to the traditional conception that the state should act as both a good employer and as a model employer . For many critical writers on HRM,...

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