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Overview

decoding ability

See also communication competence; receiver skills. 1. Sometimes a synonym for competence in reading. 2. A receiver's competence ...

decoding ability

decoding ability   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
93 words

... ability See also communication competence ; receiver skills . 1. Sometimes a synonym for competence in reading . 2. A receiver ’s competence in establishing a preferred reading for a message by applying social and representational codes that are appropriate to the representational context. 3. Competence in identifying behavioural cues (primarily nonverbal) in interpersonal relations, especially in relation to emotional expression and deception. The majority of studies have shown that women tend to be better than men at decoding...

decoding ability

decoding ability  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
See also communication competence; receiver skills.1. Sometimes a synonym for competence in reading.2. A receiver's competence in establishing a preferred meaning for a message by applying social and ...
2 The Sacred Book

2 The Sacred Book   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
9,978 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...transmission of a text. Writing claims an authority the oral cannot, although such authority does not end the importance of the oral tradition, as is evident in Judaism. Writing encourages textual features that make language an object of aesthetic awareness and an artefact to be decoded, which are features that go beyond the oral text. Finally, writing renders possible the creation of a history different from that produced by an oral tradition. Bibliography R. Alter , The Art of Biblical Narrative (1981) J. Barr , Holy Scripture (1983) A. Cole , Text as...

encoding and decoding

encoding and decoding  

Reference type:
Overview Page
1. In psychology, encoding is the ability to convert information into a different but retrievable form, usually in the memory; it is unsurprisingly critical to game plans or performance strategies.2. ...
receiver skills

receiver skills  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
The abilities of individuals to interpret verbal and nonverbal communication (involving listening, reading, and/or viewing). These range from simple comprehension to empathy, and include the ability ...
PONS

PONS  

Profile of non-verbal sensitivity, a test designed to measure ability to decode non-verbal information from the face, body, and voice. It consists of brief film clips of a woman displaying various ...
fractal image compression

fractal image compression  

A lossy image compression technique based on splitting an image into parts that can each be represented by fractals. The representation of an image by a fractal consists of finding an image ...
Greek Literacy

Greek Literacy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Greek literacy cannot be understood in isolation, but only in the context of earlier forms of literacy. Literacy, hard to define, always refers to the ability to decode marks on a surface that refer ...
receiver factors

receiver factors  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
In models of communication or persuasion, specific variables associated with the receiver(s) that research has identified as among those that can affect the effectiveness of the message. These might ...
Special Educational Needs and Disability Act 2001

Special Educational Needs and Disability Act 2001  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(SENDA)An Act which repealed the exemption of education from the Disability Discrimination Act 1995 and made it unlawful for educational institutions in both the pre‐ and post‐16 education sectors to ...
gender differences

gender differences  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. Often used synonymously with gender.2. Differences in attitudes, values, or behaviour attributable to social constructions of gender rather than to biological differences but which are naturalized ...
shift register

shift register  

A register that has the ability to transfer information in a lateral direction. It is an n-stage clocked device whose output consists of an n-bit parallel data word (see diagram). Application of a ...
reading

reading  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The process of making sense of a text. While the term ‘reading’ appears to be graphocentric and logocentric beyond its application to written verbal texts, it is applied more broadly in semiotics to ...
receiver skills

receiver skills   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
89 words

...skills ( decoder skills ) The abilities of individuals to interpret verbal and nonverbal communication (involving listening, reading , and/or viewing). These range from simple comprehension to empathy, and include the ability to infer the preferred reading of nonliteral messages and to detect deception. J. Hall found that, in relation to decoding nonverbal cues , women tend to be more accurate and faster than men, particularly in relation to facial cues. See also communication competence ; decoding ability ; receiver factors ; ...

PONS

PONS abbrev.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...to measure ability to decode non-verbal information from the face, body, and voice. It consists of brief film clips of a woman displaying various emotional states, the respondent's task being to identify those states. It was published commercially in 1979 by the German-born US psychologist Robert Rosenthal (born 1933 ) and several colleagues, who reported that children's PONS scores tend to increase with age, that females tend to score higher than males, and that non-verbal behaviour of strangers tends to be less accurately decoded than that of...

encoding and decoding

encoding and decoding   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sports Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
228 words

...and decoding 1. In psychology, encoding is the ability to convert information into a different but retrievable form, usually in the memory; it is unsurprisingly critical to game plans or performance strategies. 2. In cultural and media studies, encoding is the way in which texts are put together, and decoding the way in which these can be disassembled for their meaning; the approach has been widely used in analyses of sport media and the juxtaposition of the visual and the printed word in those media. Stuart Hall's ‘Encoding and Decoding in...

reading

reading   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
119 words

...: this is intended to emphasize that, however transparent such representations may seem to be, viewers actively interpret them with reference to representational codes and social codes . See also active audience theory ; beholder’s share ; comprehension ; decoding ability ; hegemonic reading ; interpretation ; interpretive codes ; negotiated reading ; oppositional reading ; preferred reading ; receiver skills ; reception studies ; reception theory . ...

receiver factors

receiver factors   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
130 words

...those with low self-esteem; an existing deep involvement with an issue ( ego involvement ) makes people less vulnerable to persuasion unless the argument is consistent with the individual’s current position ( see also selective exposure ). See also audience factors ; decoding ability ; receiver skills ; Yale model ; compare channel factors ; context factors ; message factors ; sender factors ; source factors . ...

fractal image compression

fractal image compression   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Computer Science (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...by a fractal consists of finding an image transformation that, when applied iteratively to any initial image at the decoder, produces a sequence of images that converges to a fractal approximation of the original. Essentially the encoding of the image is then an encoding of the transformation for each part of the image parts, and a description of the decomposition into parts. Fractal compression is computationally intensive. It has the ability to render images that appear lossless at one extreme and on the other hand the compressed images can be very small in...

Special Educational Needs and Disability Act 2001

Special Educational Needs and Disability Act 2001   Quick reference

Trisha Bowen and Liz Ellis

A Dictionary of Education (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Education
Length:
167 words

...Examples of discrimination would be refusing a place to a student with motor impairment simply because the school or college had no lift to the upper floor and providing learning materials in written format only for students with a learning difficulty affecting the ability to decode written language. The Act is all-embracing, covering admissions, education, and associated services (for example, school trips, student residential accommodation, and access to leisure facilities), but excludes requirements for the removal or alteration of physical features...

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