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Overview

cultural appropriation

Subject: Literature

A term used to describe the taking over of creative or artistic forms, themes, or practices by one cultural group from another. It is in general used to describe Western appropriations of ...

cultural appropriation

cultural appropriation  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A term used to describe the taking over of creative or artistic forms, themes, or practices by one cultural group from another. It is in general used to describe Western appropriations of non‐Western ...
Popular Culture

Popular Culture   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,520 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...or pre-industrial and modern tend to elide the considerable degree of cultural appropriation and exchange that took place among different social groupings. Finally, they contend, popular culture in our period was often more flexible, resilient, and adaptable to modernizing impulses than many historical accounts would have us believe. In the remainder of this essay, then, we propose to explore the force of some of these revisionist criticisms by examining the experiences and cultural expressions of three of the period's most notable plebeians: the brilliant...

Antiquarianism (Popular)

Antiquarianism (Popular)   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,164 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...a popular cultural history. When first-generation Romantic poets are picked off for individual study, they are removed from their exceptional environment—a new literary culture which was both old and self-consciously fashioned by figures such as Hone, Douce, Ritson, and Brand. Popular antiquarianism was part of a broader historical revival occurring in the third quarter of the eighteenth century within France's largest neighbours, in the German princely states as well as in Britain. Pre-modern nativist cultural forms threatened the modern cultural dominance of...

Theatre

Theatre   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,088 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...they could express their entitlement to a say in local decision making; likewise for the burghers of Edinburgh the theatre functioned as a symbol of pride, not only in the city but also in Scottish identity as a whole. The politicization of the theatre in these terms, its appropriation in the name of the middling orders, was encouraged by the leisure entrepreneurs who built the theatres royal and who themselves belonged to this social grouping. However, as in London, the politics of the provincial theatre was also influenced by the idea that the institution...

Folklore, Customs, and Civic Ritual

Folklore, Customs, and Civic Ritual   Quick reference

Charles Phythian-Adams

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,037 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...some reciprocity was expected of superiors, especially in the form of customary hospitality from lords at Christmas , wealthy urban neighbours at Midsummer , or farmers at sheep‐shearing or harvest. Other expressions of superior obligation included non‐prosecution for the appropriation by customary ‘right’ from private woodlands of trees or boughs for the construction of maypoles or summer bowers. At harvest the very poor could claim rights of gleaning off the land even of small‐farming neighbours. In post‐ Restoration times, finally, obligation was met...

Enlightenment

Enlightenment   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
7,794 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...moderatism was flowering in the 1750s, the Enlightenment in England at this period appeared near-moribund. Attempts to synthesize science and religion had become tired and derivative, moderate religion had become genteel and boring, and liberal politics was threatened by the appropriation of its universal concerns and symbolism (predominantly neoclassical) for self-congratulatory patriotic ends. This mould of complacency was broken, however, early in George III 's reign with the revival of the cause of *parliamentary reform , the growing tension with the...

appropriation

appropriation  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. (cultural appropriation) The adoption by one cultural group of some of the cultural forms of a different cultural group (including subcultures). For instance, ‘metrosexual’ fashions can be seen as ...
strategic anti-essentialism

strategic anti-essentialism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
The adoption (and adaption) by one cultural group of a cultural form drawn from a different culture, typically in order to resist an imposed cultural identity. The concept derives from the American ...
Law, Religion, and Native American Lands

Law, Religion, and Native American Lands  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The appropriation of North American native lands has been accomplished, as well as contested, over the last five centuries by means of complex culturally embedded assumptions concerning law, ...
Trobriand cricket

Trobriand cricket  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A version of cricket played in the Trobriand Islands, in the South Pacific, off the coast of Papua New Guinea. Cricket was introduced to the islanders by a British missionary in 1903, as a means to ...
cultural theory

cultural theory  

Reference type:
Overview Page
This term has been applied to diverse attempts to conceptualize and understand the dynamics of culture. Historically these have involved arguments about the relationship between culture and nature, ...
structures of feeling

structures of feeling  

Raymond Williams coined this phrase in Preface to Film (1954) to discuss the relationship between dramatic conventions and written texts. What concerned Williams was the social acceptability of ...
Sherrie Levine

Sherrie Levine  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1947– )American artist, born in Hazleton, Pennsylvania. Her work is based on the practice of appropriation. The most celebrated examples are her photographs After Walker Evans (1981), photographic ...
Gerald Early

Gerald Early  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(b. 1952), essayist, cultural critic, editor, educator, and poet.Born in Philadelphia, Gerald Early earned degrees from University of Pennsylvania (BA 1974) and Cornell University (MA 1980, PhD ...
R. B. Kitaj

R. B. Kitaj  

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Overview Page
(1932–2007)American painter and graphic artist, active mainly in England. He was born in Cleveland, Ohio, and studied at the Cooper Union, New York, 1950–51, and the Academy in Vienna, 1951–2. After ...
bricolage

bricolage  

The appropriation of pre-existing materials that are ready-to-hand to create something new (Lévi-Strauss). This creation both reflects and constructs the bricoleur's identity. The term is widely used ...
Gayatri Spivak

Gayatri Spivak  

(1942–)Indian-born postcolonial, post-structuralist, Marxistliterary critic and theorist. The daughter of middle-class parents, she was born in Calcutta at a time when India was still part of the ...
Joel Chandler Harris

Joel Chandler Harris  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1848–1908),American author of the famous ‘Uncle Remus’ series. These contain a great number of folklore tales, relating to a variety of animals, with the rabbit as hero and the fox next in ...
William Styron

William Styron  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1925–2006),American novelist, born in Virginia, whose works include Lie Down in Darkness (1951), The Long March (1953), and Set This House on Fire (1960). He was best known internationally for two ...
Roland Barthes

Roland Barthes  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1915–1980)French critic.Barthes was born in Cherbourg. A leading exponent of the nouvelle critique of the 1950s and 1960s, his approach to literary criticism was first presented in Le Degré zéro de ...

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