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critical race theory

Subject: Law

(CRT) A radical movement within jurisprudence that traces its origin to a conference held in Madison, Wisconsin, in 1989. Sometimes called outsider jurisprudence, it sets out to ...

critical race theory

critical race theory   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law
Length:
588 words

... race theory Critical race theory is a movement and body of literature which evolved out of the critical legal studies movement in the US. Repairing the absence from critical legal studies of an analysis of how race and racialization are imbricated within legal doctrines and liberal legal frameworks was (and remains) a prime objective of critical race theory as it emerged in the 1980s and 1990s. Critical race theory offers analyses of the social and legal construction of race in a wide variety of contexts. Rather than taking ‘race’ as a given...

critical race theory

critical race theory   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to American Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Literature
Length:
245 words

... race theory , interdisciplinary framework that emerged from critical legal scholarship in the 1980s to address the ways that race and racism structure U.S. social relations. With an emphasis on the social construction of race, critical race theorists examine how race is produced and deployed in legal, political, and economic contexts to maintain white supremacy while marginalizing communities of color. As legal scholars, early critical race theorists were particularly concerned with the ways that liberal universalist claims about the “colorblindness” and...

critical race theory

critical race theory   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geography (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... race theory A theoretical approach used to deconstruct racial ideologies, and analyse the politics of ‘race’ and the links between nationalism—or localism—and racism ( Dunn (2006) Geog. Res. 4, 4 ). The interdisciplinary field of critical race studies pursues the claim that race has no necessary epistemological status in itself, but depends on the context and organization of its production for its political effects ( Anderson (2008) Cult. Geogs 15, 2...

Critical Race Theory

Critical Race Theory   Reference library

Francisco Valdes

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in Contemporary Politics, Law, and Social Movements

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law
Length:
1,425 words

... Race Theory . Latina and Latino legal scholars have been involved with critical race theory (CRT) since it first emerged. It therefore is no surprise that critical race theory became the principal site of incubation for Latino/a critical theory, or “LatCrit.” Generally, the discourse referred to as critical race theory originated in the late 1980s, emerging from the legal academy of the United States in response to the continuing legacy of racial stratification and subordination, even decades after the civil rights movements and the antidiscrimination...

Critical Race Theory

Critical Race Theory   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Law
Length:
650 words

...Chavez , critical race theorists began exploring the relationships among race , racism, knowledge, and power. The CRT movement, which holds periodic workshops and public conferences, also serves as an umbrella organization for a number of spin-off groups, such as Latino critical scholarship (LatCrit), critical Asian scholarship, and critical race feminism, which hold occasional meetings and publish law review symposia and readers explaining their basic concepts. Supported by a loosely organized collection of scholars and lawyers, critical race theory features...

Critical Race Theory

Critical Race Theory   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, History
Length:
3,257 words
Illustration(s):
1

...their race did not matter. For example, Patricia Williams, in The Alchemy of Race and Rights: Diary of a Law Professor , used her own personal experiences as a black female lawyer and law professor. These provided context for developing her critical-race-theorist and critical-race-feminist narratives—her critiques of legal doctrine and legal theory. The legal history of people of color in American society was not the only major influence upon critical race theory. The rise of cultural studies and philosophy was also important in developing critical theory...

Race Theory, Critical

Race Theory, Critical   Reference library

Matthew C. Whitaker

The Oxford Encyclopedia Women in World History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History
Length:
1,190 words

... Theory, Critical . Critical race theory ( CRT ) is an interdisciplinary field of intellectual inquiry that draws from the academic disciplines of anthropology, history, law, philosophy, political science, and sociology. It has endeavored to study and transform the relationship among race, racism, and power. It has also sought to construct a conceptual framework that explores and challenges Eurocentric, essentialist, conservative, and liberal orthodoxies of the social construction of race. This effort has been based on the premise that race and racism lie at...

critical race theory

critical race theory   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Law
Length:
146 words

... race theory ( CRT ) A radical movement within jurisprudence that traces its origin to a conference held in Madison, Wisconsin, in 1989 . Sometimes called outsider jurisprudence , it sets out to challenge the conventional liberal approach to civil rights issues, in particular the notion that there can be a colour-blind view of social justice. CRT regards the privileged position occupied by mostly White, middle-class academics as a major obstacle to a comprehensive exposure of the racism that is seen to permeate the law, its rules, concepts, and...

critical race theory

critical race theory   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gangs

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Law
Length:
146 words

... race theory An argument that racism , white privilege, and white supremacy are deep-seated within American culture and history and that such racism, privilege, and power have negatively impacted and continue to negatively impact non-whites on various levels. The theory has been applied to understand the emergence of African American gangs. Race was previously ignored in the aetiology of black gangs, being thought less important than other major variables, such as social disorganization. A closer look at how such communities became disorganized in...

Frameworks of Critical Race Theory

Frameworks of Critical Race Theory   Reference library

Lee E. Ross

The Oxford Encyclopedia of International Criminology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
7,464 words

...The evolving role of CRT in educational scholarship. Race, Ethnicity and Education , 1 (8), 115–119. Ladson-Billings, G. (2009). Critical race theory in education. In M. W. Apple , W. Au , & L. A. Gandin (Eds.), The Routledge international handbook of critical education (pp. 110–122). Taylor and Francis. Ladson-Billings, G. , & Tate, W. F. (1995). Towards a critical theory of education. Teachers College Record , 97 (1), 47–68. Levitt, N. (1999). Critical of race theory; Race, reason, merit, and civility . Georgetown Law Journal , ...

Critical Race theory and Lat Crit Theory

Critical Race theory and Lat Crit Theory   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in the United States

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,056 words

... Race theory and Lat Crit Theory . Critical Race Theory ( CRT ) and Latino and Latina Critical Theory (Lat Crit) are progressive movements in the law and in legal education that seek to secure the rights of people of color generally (CRT) and of Latina and Latino people in particular (Lat Crit). They also seek to transform American society and law in humane, nonracist directions. The earlier and broader movement, Critical Race Theory, sprang up in the mid-1970s when progressive lawyers and legal scholars across the nation realized that the heady gains of...

Critical Race Theory and Qualitative Methodology in Education

Critical Race Theory and Qualitative Methodology in Education   Reference library

Laurence Parker

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Qualitative Research Methods in Education

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Social sciences, Education
Length:
9,519 words

... Möschel, M. (2014). Law, lawyers and race: Critical race theory from the United States to Europe . New York, NY: Routledge. Parker, L. , Deyhle, D. & Villenas, S. (Eds.). (1999). Race is … race isn’t: Critical race theory and qualitative studies in education . Boulder, CO: Westview Press. Parker, L. (Ed.). (2015). Critical race theory. In Special issue: Qualitative Inquiry , 21 (1). Parks, G. S. , Jones, S. , & Cardi, J. (Eds.). (2008). Critical race realism: Intersections of psychology, race, and law . New York, NY: New Press. Solórzano...

Applying Disability Critical Race Theory (Discrit) in the Practice of Teacher Education in the United States

Applying Disability Critical Race Theory (Discrit) in the Practice of Teacher Education in the United States   Reference library

Valentina Migliarini and Subini Annamma

Oxford Encyclopedia of Global Perspectives on Teacher Education

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Social sciences, Education
Length:
8,043 words

...B. (2013). Dis/ability critical race studies (DisCrit): Theorizing at the intersections of race and dis/ability. Journal of Race, Ethnicity and Education , 16 (1), 1–31. Annamma, S. , Connor, D. , & Ferri, B. (Eds.). (2016). DisCrit: Disability studies and critical race theory in education . New York, NY: Teachers College Press. Annamma, S. , Jackson, D. , & Morrison, D. (2017). Conceptualizing color-evasiveness: Using dis/ability critical race theory to expand a color-blind racial ideology in education and society . Race Ethnicity and Education...

critical race theory

critical race theory  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
(CRT)A radical movement within jurisprudence that traces its origin to a conference held in Madison, Wisconsin, in 1989. Sometimes called outsider jurisprudence, it sets out to challenge the ...
Titus Andronicus

Titus Andronicus   Reference library

Sonia Massai and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
2,504 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...theory of co-authorship, which first emerged in the early 20th century, is currently the most popular. Only towards the middle of the 20th century did critics start to overlook the vexed question of authorship in order to establish the intrinsic qualities of the play itself. Peter Brook ’s cornerstone production at Stratford in 1955 triggered off an unprecedented number of critical articles, although hardly any full-length study of the play appeared before the 1980s. The play is currently very popular thanks to the advent of critical and cultural theories...

Literary Theory

Literary Theory   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,935 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...reshape itself in Romanticism's forms. Abrams, M. H. , The Mirror and the Lamp: Romantic Theory and the Critical Tradition , Oxford, 1953; Bowie, A. , Aesthetics and Subjectivity: From Kant to Nietzsche , Manchester, 1990; De Man, P. , The Rhetoric of Romanticism , New York, 1984; Eagleton, T. , The Ideology of the Aesthetic , Oxford, 1990; Engell, J. , The Creative Imagination , Cambridge, Mass., 1981; McGann, J. J. , The Romantic Ideology: A Critical Investigation , Chicago, 1983; Michelli, G. , ‘The Early Reception of Kant's Thought in...

Women

Women   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,844 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...paid little attention to the question of women's political representation, this question became a central one by the 1820s and 1830s. It was the major issue in the most important feminist text of the early nineteenth century, William *Thompson 's Appeal of One-Half the Human Race ( 1825 ). Thompson's work was specifically intended as a response to James *Mill , who in his ‘Essay on Government’ ( 1820 ) argued that neither women nor working-class men needed to be granted political rights in a representative system. Women did not need political rights,...

Julius Caesar

Julius Caesar   Reference library

Michael Dobson, Will Sharpe, Anthony Davies, and Will Sharpe

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,203 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...of commoners for celebrating Caesar’s victory over Pompey in the civil wars. 1.2 At the festival of the Lupercal, Caesar reminds Antony to touch his wife Calpurnia while running the ceremonial race in the hopes of curing her infertility. A soothsayer urges him to beware the Ides of March, but is dismissed as a dreamer. Left together when Caesar’s party leave for the race, Brutus and Cassius discuss Caesar’s increasing power, anxious, when they hear an offstage shout, that he may be proclaimed king: Cassius, working on Brutus, reminds him of his republican...

Utopianism

Utopianism   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,929 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...'s extraordinary The Empire of the Nairs; or the Rights of Women. A Utopian Romance ( 1811 ), arguably the most important feminist tract between Mary *Wollstonecraft 's Vindication of the Rights of Woman ( 1792 ) and William *Thompson 's Appeal of One-Half the Human Race ( 1825 ). Lawrence recounts, amidst endless adventures illustrating the evils of the existing European system of marriage, the sexual customs of a vibrant South Asian matriarchy on the Malabar coast. This tract in turn exercised a strong influence on Percy *Shelley 's Queen...

neo-racism

neo-racism  

Étienne Balibar's term for the prevalent new modality of racism he calls ‘racism without race’, which emerged in the 1970s. Whereas racism used to be premised on the idea of race as biological ...

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