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cosmos

The universe seen as a well-ordered whole; from the Greek word kosmos ‘order, ornament, world, or universe’, so called by Pythagoras or his disciples from their view of its perfect order ...

cosmos

cosmos   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Astronomy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... Another name for the Universe ....

Cosmos

Cosmos   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Space Exploration (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Cosmos Soviet (later Russian) artificial satellite. The first was launched on 16 March 1962 , and over 2 750 had been launched by June 2017...

cosmos

cosmos   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
63 words

... Medieval musical writings on the cosmos reflect the influence of late-antique texts in which the disposition of modes corresponds to the alignment of planets, and the proportions of the universe were thought to create a soundless music of the spheres. Susan Boynton M. Teeuwen , Harmony and the Music of the Spheres: the ars musica in Ninth-Century Commentaries on Martianus Capella ...

cosmos

cosmos   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of Word Origins (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Language reference, History of English
Length:
52 words

...cosmos [ME] The fact that both cosmos and cosmetic [E17th] go back to the same word, Greek kosmos , gives an interesting insight into the way the ancient Greeks thought. Kosmos had a central meaning ‘order’, but was also used to mean ‘world’ and the putting of oneself in order that involved...

cosmos

cosmos   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
27 words

... (Greek, kosmos , order; cf. cosmetic) The whole world, especially conceived as ordered and law-governed, whether by destiny, fate, justice, divine command, or rational necessity. See logos...

Cosmos

Cosmos   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
35 words

... (Gk. ‘order’) Universe considered as an ordered whole. Plato and Aristotle conceived of the universe as ordered by an intelligent principle. The conviction of an ordered nature became the basis of modern natural...

Cosmos

Cosmos   Reference library

Karl-Heinz Uthemann and Anthony Cutler

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
321 words

... (κόσμος, lit. “world”). The fundamental Greek world view emphasized the unity, harmony, and beauty of reality. In the Platonic tradition, the perceptible cosmos is conceived as an image of the world of noetic ideas in the divine Intellect , composed of preexistent matter. Christian tradition, in contrast, developed its notion of Creation “out of nothing,” without reducing the cosmos to “the world of man” (a tendency observed in late antiquity); it did not view the cosmos as fundamentally evil, as did Gnosticism . The cosmos was seen in a more external,...

Cosmos

Cosmos   Reference library

Dictionary of American Family Names (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
22 words

... US frequency (2010): 215 American shortened (and altered) form of Greek patronymics derived from the personal name Kosmas , such as Kosmopoulos...

Cosmos satellites

Cosmos satellites   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Astronomy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... satellites An ongoing series of Earth satellites, initiated by the former Soviet Union and continued by Russia; the name is also spelled Kosmos. Cosmos satellites were the successors to the Sputnik series. Scientific satellites, military satellites, and failures of other missions have all been given the Cosmos name. The first Cosmos was launched in 1962 March...

Biosatellite Cosmos

Biosatellite Cosmos   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Space Exploration (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Biosatellite Cosmos A Soviet satellite launched in September 1987 to investigate the effects of microgravity on rhesus monkeys. The week-long flight extended research done on Spacelab and involved scientists from the USA and other nations. Some of the research data was flawed, however, when one monkey escaped his constraints and tampered with...

Cosmos Magazine

Cosmos Magazine   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
51 words

... Magazine , which contained a considerable amount of literary material, both creative writing (stories, sketches, poetry) and review articles, ran monthly in Sydney 1894–99 , after which it was incorporated into the monthly Southern Cross 1898–1900 . Its contributors included G. B. Barton , Edward Dyson , Ernest Favenc and ‘ Price Warung...

Chaos to Cosmos

Chaos to Cosmos  

A Dictionary of Creation Myths

...to Cosmos This is the essence of all creation, in which order (cosmos) is wrenched by some force or other from chaos (the void) ( see also Creation from Chaos ; Creation from Nothing...

De Cosmos, Amor

De Cosmos, Amor   Reference library

Robert A. J. McDonald

The Oxford Companion to Canadian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
250 words

...Cosmos, Amor ( 1825–97 ), journalist, bc premier 1872–4 . De Cosmos migrated in 1852 from his native Nova Scotia to the gold fields of California, where he worked as a photographer. Once there he changed his name from William Alexander Smith to Amor De Cosmos because, he said, it symbolized his ‘Love of order, beauty, the world, the universe’. After moving to Victoria in 1858 , he founded the British Colonist , editing it for five years before he began a 19-year career as an elected representative at the colonial, provincial, and national levels....

Cosmology and Models of the Cosmos

Cosmology and Models of the Cosmos   Reference library

Osman Bakar and Martin Riexinger

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Science and technology
Length:
5,686 words

... al-khalq when referring to the whole cosmos, and cosmology as the discipline that studies it is referred to as ʿ ilm al-kawn , meaning literally “the science of the engendered cosmos.” The adjective kawni is used to signify that which relates to the cosmos. Other than the words al-ʿālamīn and al-khalq the Qurʾān also uses the phrase mā fīʾl-samāwāt wa mā fīʾl-arḍ , meaning “all that is in the heavens and on earth,” to denote the cosmos. Notably this phrase is the only terminological expression for the cosmos in Islamic usage that is free of any...

Women In The Black Sacred Cosmos

Women In The Black Sacred Cosmos   Reference library

Black Women in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
985 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Sacred Cosmos The milieu of African American culture acknowledges God’s presence. Media representations reflect the centrality of religion in the African American experience. The historians C. Eric Lincoln and Lawrence H. Mamiya identify this religious worldview as the Black Sacred Cosmos, which is attributed to African heritage and the widespread conversion to Christianity during slavery. Throughout the African diaspora, traditional African deities and spirits have served as the center of the Black Sacred Cosmos. Within the Black Sacred Cosmos in the...

Blackfoot Cosmos as Natural Philosophy

Blackfoot Cosmos as Natural Philosophy   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences
Length:
3,081 words

...of nature converges with Western dialectics in its emphasis on struggle, variety, and creativity (Simon 1990 ). The indigenous conception of the cosmos as oriented in all directions, rather than simply above, places emphasis on bringing humans together with all of nature (which includes the “supernatural”). Black-foot stories, and their lessons about a way of life, demonstrate a fundamental order to the cosmos that contains necessary balancing elements of disorder or noncompliance with Blackfoot ideals (for example, cycles of Twins bear this out in every...

COSMOS

COSMOS   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Abbreviations

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Language reference
Length:
6 words

... centralization of supply management...

COSMOS

COSMOS   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Abbreviations

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Language reference
Length:
6 words

... computer system for mainframe...

COSMOS

COSMOS [Science and Technology]   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Abbreviations

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Language reference
Length:
8 words

... [Science and Technology] complementary symmetrical metal-oxide...

cosmos

cosmos n.   Reference library

Green's Dictionary of Slang

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
54 words

... n. ( also cozmos ) [play on SE cosmos , i.e. it gets one high adj. 1 (2)] ( drugs ) phencyclidine. 1979 H. Feldman et al. Angel Dust 124: The large number of street names it has been accorded over the years: […] cosmos. 1984 Abel Dict. Drug Abuse Terms . 2001 ONDCP Street Terms 6: Cozmo's —...

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