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cosmological perspectivism

cosmological perspectivism ([Th])   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
106 words

... perspectivism [Th] A kind of animism developed by Viveiros de Castro on the basis of studying Amerindian cosmologies in which all beings occupy a referential point of view that makes all other beings like them in physical form, with common emotional, sensory, and symbolic understandings. In this sense humans and non-humans are believed to have a soul, and thus to have a point of view or ‘perspective’. While the life of non-humans is governed by the same values as humans, what may be different is the actual things that non-humans perceive and the...

skyscape archaeology

skyscape archaeology ([Ge])   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
91 words

...by ancient peoples, and what role elements of the skyscape played in their ontologies and cosmologies. Skyscape archaeology distances itself from the assumptions and interpretations common in archaeoastronomy , focusing instead on the sociocultural contexts in which elements of particular skyscapes were made meaningful to past communities. Skyscape archaeology draws on a range of theoretical and interpretative tools, including phenomenology and perspectivism...

animism

animism ([Th])   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
110 words

...hierarchies may be found. One of the four main ontological perspectives identified by Philippe Descola in his ontological grid; the opposite of naturalism . In archaeology the idea of animism is sometimes use to build ontologies of past communities, often through cosmological perspectivism...

cartography

cartography   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
727 words

...formal, universal standards. Areas that were unknown were literally off the map, filled with religious cosmology and figures of myth and imagination. Maps were understood more as reminders or as spatial stories, than as scientific representations of the world based on surveyed data. Replacing the piecemeal frameworks of medieval cartography was the adoption of a single universal system of measuring and representing the world that utilized linear perspectivism and Cartesian rationality, underpinned by notions of objectivity , functionality, and ordering. The...

Nietzsche, Friedrich

Nietzsche, Friedrich (1844–1900)   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences
Length:
1,858 words

...are animals, an eagle and a serpent, and by the fact that it is the eagle and serpent who first state Nietzsche's doctrine of the eternal return in Thus Spake Zarathustra . On a theoretical level, it is demonstrated by Nietzsche's epistemological position, known as perspectivism , in which he rejects epistemological anthropocentrism and explicitly acknowledges the views and values of nonhuman creatures. Stating in a note collected in The Will to Power that the attempt to privilege human interpretations and values is “one of the hereditary madnesses...

Tukanoan Indians (Northwest Amazonia)

Tukanoan Indians (Northwest Amazonia)   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences
Length:
3,186 words

...” Man 11 (NS 1976), 307–18. Reichel-Dolmatoff, Gerardo . Amazonian Cosmos: The Sexual and Religious Symbolism of the Tukano Indians . Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1971. Viveiros de Castro, Eduardo . “ Cosmological Deixis and Amerindian Perspectivism. ” The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 4 (NS 1998), 469–88. See also: Amazonia ; Animism (various) ; Ethnobotany ; Ethnoecology ; Rainforests (Central and South America) ; Reichel-Dolmatoff, Gerardo – and Ethnoecology in Colombia ; Rubber Tappers ; Shamanism – Traditional ; ...

Haptic Aesthetics

Haptic Aesthetics   Reference library

Laura Marks

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
4,808 words

...not idolatrous. In the ninth century, Theodore of Stoudios argued that the icon painter made no artifice but faithfully imprinted on the board the impression that was printed on his eyes. The Byzantine theory of the tactile image fell out of favor in the West with the rise of perspectivism. So too did any idea that vision entails a bodily contact between the viewer and the thing viewed. Renaissance and Enlightenment beliefs that vision was objective and disembodied permitted an understanding of subjectivity in which perceiver and perceived, inside and outside,...

Nietzsche, Friedrich Wilhelm

Nietzsche, Friedrich Wilhelm   Reference library

Richard Schacht

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
4,689 words

...of perspectives upon the matters with which he was concerned, and so of developing and sharpening what he called the many and different ‘eyes’ needed to contribute to a growing and deepening comprehension of them. This has an important bearing upon the question of how his perspectivism is to be understood, and how it works in practice. Nietzsche clearly held that neither this sort of inquiry nor any other that is humanly possible will suffice to enable one to attain the sort of knowledge to which metaphysicians have traditionally aspired. It by no means...

Baroque

Baroque   Reference library

C. Johnson

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies - poetry and poets
Length:
4,989 words

...Baroque aesthetic practices circulate from Western Europe to Eastern Europe and follow imperial routes to the Americas, where they combine with indigenous forms. Moreover, the mid-20th c. emergence of neobaroque aesthetics and discourse in which hybridity, recursivity, perspectivism, and often parody are paramount, suggests at once the vitality of the baroque style and period concept and that the baroque should continue to play a crucial role in the critique of modernity. I. History of the Term and Concept. The Eng. word baroque comes, by way of...

Indigenous Studies: Brazil

Indigenous Studies: Brazil   Reference library

Tracy Devine Guzmán

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Literary Theory

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Literature, Literary theory and cultural studies
Length:
11,825 words

...this fact thus destabilizes long-standing Western categorical divisions between nature and culture and helps “not so much in classifying cosmologies that appear exotic to us, but in counter-analyzing those anthropologies that have become far too familiar.” 66 If acknowledgment of the Anthropocene forces us to reevaluate the interconnectedness of human and nonhuman histories for our own survival, Amerindian perspectivism holds, along with many of the thinkers represented in this article, that human and other-than-human histories have always been and will...

Indigenous Policy and Politics in 20th-century Brazil

Indigenous Policy and Politics in 20th-century Brazil   Reference library

Seth W. Garfield

Oxford Encyclopedia of Brazilian History and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
History
Length:
11,081 words

...in Brazil and worldwide (although not without its criticism as ahistorical or unempirical). Among ethnographers of Amazonian Indians, the focus on cosmology and world-making practices privileges a Native-centered approach to history, including processes of interethnic contact. 73 Particularly influential in the field of anthropological theory has been Eduardo Viveiros de Castro’s concept of perspectivism. Challenging traditional Western ontological divisions between nature and culture (the former, purportedly universal, objective, and physical; the...

Indigenous Societies in Brazil before the European Arrival

Indigenous Societies in Brazil before the European Arrival   Reference library

Denise Maria Cavalcante Gomes

Oxford Encyclopedia of Brazilian History and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
History
Length:
8,106 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Paulo: Editora Cia. das Letras, 1992), 53–86. 38. Denise Maria Cavalcante Gomes , “ Politics and Ritual in Large Villages in Santarém, Lower Amazon, Brazil ,” Cambridge Archaeological Journal 27, no. 2 (2017): 275–293. 39. Eduardo Viveiros de Castro , “Cosmological Deixis and Amerindian Perspectivism,” Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 4, no. 3 (1988): 469–488. 40. Pierre Clastres , “A sociedade contra o Estado,” in A sociedade contra o Estado: Pesquisas de antropologia política (São Paulo: Cosac Naify, 2003), 11–79. 41. Carolina...

Critique

Critique   Reference library

Charlie Blake

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Literary Theory

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Literature, Literary theory and cultural studies
Length:
14,592 words

...falsification of that which is paradoxically also a falsification, and so on down the line. Accordingly, the only possibility for true critique in this epistemological hall of mirrors lies with his doctrine—or perhaps more accurately a style of thinking—that he calls “perspectivism.” Perspectivism is a conceptual orientation reiterated by Nietzsche at various points, notably in his notes posthumously collected as The Will to Power , in which he famously iterates at various points and in various permutations that there are no facts but only interpretations—and...

The History of Psychology in Brazil

The History of Psychology in Brazil   Reference library

Regina Helena de Freitas Campos

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the History of Modern Psychology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, History
Length:
14,256 words

...the world. This vision, generically denominated “perspectivism” in anthropology ( Viveiros de Castro, 2002 ), sees the world as inhabited by different species of subjects (human and nonhuman), which apprehend it from different points of view. In this mosaic of perspectives, both humans and animals can look upon one another as people, endowed with spirit and sometimes with intentionality. The universe would then be peopled with human and nonhuman intentionalities endowed with their own perspectives. This cosmology seems to express a certain fragility of the...

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