Update
The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.
Dismiss

You are looking at 1-20 of 17,086 entries  for:

  • All: convention x
clear all

Did you mean Conventions Conventions

View:

Overview

convention

(1660), an assembly summoned following the coup (13 Dec. 1659) that preceded the Restoration of Charles II. It met between 2 March and 27 May 1660, reassembling briefly in ...

convention

convention   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Accounting (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
7 words

... A general agreement or customary...

convention

convention   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

... 1. ( international convention ) An international agreement that is usually legally binding between the states that sign up to it. 2. A large formal...

convention

convention   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
118 words

... ‘The designation “convention” tends to be utilized for multilateral treaties of a law-making type. Illustrative of this tendency are the various Hague … Geneva … Vienna Conventions…. However, … [t]he designation is also used for a wide range of bilateral treaties—for example, consular conventions, [and] double taxation conventions….’: S atow's Guide to Diplomatic Practice (5th ed.), 241–242. That said, art. 38(1)(a) of the Statute of the International Court of Justice refers to treaties, the normal term used, as ‘international conventions, whether...

Convention

Convention   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... Convention of Estates In Scottish history of the 16th and 17th centuries, a body existing with administrative, financial and legislative functions, but without the judicial powers of Parliament. Convention Parliament Two Parliaments were so called. The first, in 1660 , was so named because it was not summoned by the king but was convened by General Monk to effect the restoration of Charles II . The second was the one authorized by William of Orange in January 1689 , which offered the throne to William and Mary as joint sovereigns. Constitutional...

convention

convention   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Law
Length:
80 words

... n. 1. A treaty , usually of a multilateral nature. The International Law Commission prepares draft conventions on various issues for the progressive development of international law. Article 38(1)(a) of the Statute of the International Court of Justice , when citing the sources of law it recognizes, refers to “international conventions, whether general or particular establishing rules expressly recognised by the contesting states.” 2. A written document adopted by international organizations for their own regulation. 3. See constitutional...

convention

convention   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
154 words

... 1. ( social convention ) An established understanding, standard practice, rule, or expectation widely shared by members of a culture or subculture : often implicit, taken for granted , and experienced as natural. See also common sense ; conformity ; culture ; gender ; naturalization ; norm ; scenario ; social codes ; social schemata . 2. ( textual or representational convention ) A well-established feature of content , form , and/or style of text in any medium , widely understood by the intended audiences (e.g. in film ...

convention

convention   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Film Studies (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
229 words

... An established (though often arbitrary) rule or practice, that shapes film production and viewing. Conventions can exist in relation to industrial organization and uses of technology in film production, to particular techniques and styles, and to narrative structure and subject matter. For instance, it is a convention that the 30-degree rule and 180-degree rule are followed when staging the action and shooting a scene. The way narrative /narration is constructed is heavily dependent on the conventionalized use of certain aspects of film style...

convention

convention   Reference library

C. A. J. Coady

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
167 words

... and the requirements of justice as entirely grounded in convention. By contrast, realists claim that nature or ‘independent’ reality itself plays a major part in determining at least some such matters. Yet the character of convention remains unclear, with respect to both the sort of agreement it involves and the ways in which it should be contrasted with either nature or reason. Prof. C. A. J. Coady See also consent . D. K. Lewis , Convention (Cambridge, Mass.,...

convention

convention   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...modern criticism has to argue, such rebellions against conventions are fated to generate new conventions of their own, which may be less elaborate and less noticeable in their time. This does not render innovation futile, since the new conventions will often be appropriate to changed conditions, but it does mean that while some literary works may be ‘unconventional’, none can be conventionless. Literary theorists (notably those influenced by structuralism ) tend to confirm the inevitability of conventions by appealing to modern linguistics, which claims that...

convention

convention   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Public Health (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...convention 1. A formal gathering of people such as members of professional organizations or people who have a shared concern about a set of issues such as the health of the population. Also a formal statement about matters of importance produced at such a gathering by those assembled; e.g., the United Nations Convention on Human Rights, which drafted the Universal Declaration on Human Rights. 2. A mutually agreed or commonly accepted mode of behavior, dress, speech, etc., from which deviance usually evokes disapproval and occasionally stronger sanctions,...

Convention

Convention   Quick reference

Andrew Reeve

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
193 words

... 1. A meeting of persons with a common concern or purpose, for example the intention to create a constitution. See also party convention . 2. A shared practice, or a practice widely followed, usually in the absence of any written prescription and sometimes without the backing of (formal) sanctions. Conventions governing property and government were especially important in the writings of Hume , for whom they provided an alternative explanation of political institutions to the (for him) discredited theory of a social contract . Conventions have...

convention

convention (1660)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Irish History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
152 words

...settlement, gradually moving towards an open commitment to the restoration of monarchy and episcopacy. The convention also asserted Ireland's right to tax and legislate for itself through parliament, and commissioned Sir William Domville ( 1609–89 ) to prepare a ‘disquisition’ rejecting English claims of legislative superiority. This part of its proceedings has encouraged interest in the convention as a landmark in the emergence of a distinct Protestant identity, foreshadowing 18th‐century patriotism...

convention

convention   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
153 words

... The influential analysis of David Lewis suggests that a regularity holds as a matter of convention when it solves a problem of coordination in a group. This means that it is to the benefit of each member to conform to the regularity, providing the others do so. Any number of solutions to such a problem may exist. For example, it is to the advantage of each of us to drive on the same side of the road as others, but indifferent whether we all drive on the right or the left. One solution or another may emerge for a variety of reasons. It is notable...

convention

convention   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Travel and Tourism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
34 words

... A meeting, conference, or rally; the term implies attendance by a substantial number of people. The diversity of reasons for meeting makes further definition impractical. See also convention bureau ; convention centre ; convention group...

convention

convention   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law Enforcement (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Law
Length:
46 words

... 1 A treaty , usually of a multilateral nature. The International Law Commission prepares draft conventions on various issues for the progressive development of international law . 2 A written document adopted by international organizations for their own regulation. 3 See constitutional conventions...

Convention

Convention   Reference library

M. Steinmann and L. Manley

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies - poetry and poets
Length:
1,020 words

...of Convention and Models of Critical Discourse,” NLH 13.1 (1981)—spec. iss. “On Convention: I” ; M. Steinmann , “Superordinate Genre Conventions,” Poetics 10 (1981) ; H. R. Jauss , Toward an Aesthetic of Reception , trans. T. Bahti (1982); NLH 14.2 (1983)—spec. iss. “On Convention: II”; C. E. Reeves , “The Languages of Convention,” PoT 7 (1986), and “‘Conveniency to Nature’: Literary Art and Arbitrariness,” PMLA 101 (1986) ; T. Pavel , “Literary Conventions,” in Rules and Conventions , ed. M. Hjort (1992) ; J. Wood , “Truth, Convention,...

Lomé Convention

Lomé Convention   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Finance and Banking (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Convention The convention which, in 1976 , set up the European Development Fund to aid developing countries outside the European...

calendar convention

calendar convention   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Finance and Banking (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...convention A convention in euromarkets that the maturity date of short-term bonds, etc., is the same as the date of...

Guadalajara Convention

Guadalajara Convention   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
48 words

...Convention Properly, the Convention Supplementary to the Warsaw Convention of 12 October 1929 ( see Warsaw Convention 1929 ) for the Unification of Certain Rules relating to International Carriage by Air Performed by a Person other than the Contracting Carrier, opened for signature 18 September 1961 : 500 U.N.T.S. 31...

Berne Convention

Berne Convention   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Law
Length:
58 words

...Convention The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works: an international convention of September 1886 that sets out ground rules for protection of copyright at national level; it has since been amended several times. Many nations are signatories to the Convention, including the UK and, more recently, the United States. See also TRIPS...

View: