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continental climate

A climate that is found in the interior of continents, having low humidity, low rainfall, and large diurnal variations in temperature compared with marine climates.

continental climate

continental climate   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

... climate A climate that is found in the interior of continents, having low humidity, low rainfall, and large diurnal variations in temperature compared with maritime climates...

continental climate

continental climate   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Weather (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2023

... climate A climatic regime that occurs in the interior of continental land masses. Such a climate tends to have low precipitation and low humidity and to exhibit a very large diurnal temperature range. At higher latitudes, there may also be a large range of temperatures during the year, with extremely low temperatures in winter, and high ones in...

continental climate

continental climate   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geography (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2023

... climate A climatic type associated with the interior of large land masses in mid-latitudes. Without the moderating influence of the sea, summer and winter temperatures are extreme. Precipitation is low, as the region is distant from moisture-bearing winds. The European Union PESETA project predicts that the greatest temperature rises related to global warming will be in continental climates...

continental climate

continental climate   Reference library

Greg Jones

The Oxford Companion to Wine (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2023

... climate is one with a high degree of continentality, defined as the climatic effect that results from locations being insulated from the influences of oceanic or large bodies of water ( see lake effect ). This is typically measured as the difference between the average temperature of its hottest month and that of its coldest month. Climates with a wide annual range are called continental; those with a narrow range, maritime . latitude influences continentality. In the tropics, annual temperature swings are usually small even in continental...

humid continental climate

humid continental climate   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...continental climate A quite severe climate, with harsh winters, average temperatures below freezing (0°C) in several months, mild to warm summers, and adequate annual precipitation, which is found in mid‐latitude continental areas of the northern hemisphere, between about 40° and...

continental climate

continental climate noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
45 words
continental climate

continental climate noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
43 words
continental climate

continental climate  

A climate that is found in the interior of continents, having low humidity, low rainfall, and large diurnal variations in temperature compared with marine climates.
humid continental climate

humid continental climate  

A quite severe climate, with harsh winters, average temperatures below freezing (0°C) in several months, mild to warm summers, and adequate annual precipitation, which is found in mid‐latitude ...
Architecture

Architecture   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,949 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Nash, for the exotic Royal Pavilion at Brighton, and in 1824 Jeffry *Wyatville began his considerable renovation of Windsor Castle. Most of all, Buckingham Palace, begun by Nash in 1825 , seemed to fulfil a long-standing dream for ambitious royal patronage on a continental scale. The government contributed to London's development by commissioning Soane's Westminster Law Courts ( 1822–5 ), Smirke's General Post Office ( 1824–9 ), and Burton's Hyde Park Screen ( 1824–5 ) and Arch on Constitution Hill ( 1827–8 ). Of national importance was...

The Antiquarian Tradition

The Antiquarian Tradition   Quick reference

David Hey

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
4,837 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...that could stand comparison with that of its Continental neighbours. Camden stated his aims as: ‘That I would restore antiquity to Britaine, and Britaine to…antiquity…that I would renew ancientrie, enlighten obscuritie, cleare doubts, and recall home Veritie by way of recovery.’ The classical heritage also led Camden and other topographers to draw upon the writings of Ptolemy, Strabo, and others in their descriptions of the countryside and its people. William Camden ( 1551–1623 ) was known to Continental scholars as ‘the British Strabo’, but he was as...

Towns

Towns   Quick reference

David M. Palliser

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,140 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...has coloured national attitudes down to the present day, as well as complicating the researches of local and family historians. Town life was an exotic importation from the Continent, both in Roman and in medieval times. Until the 18th century most British towns were small by Continental standards, and until the 19th century the majority of Britons still lived in rural settlements. Yet Britain then became the first country in the world to urbanize, rapidly outpacing its neighbours, and acting as a pioneer in developing new types of urban design such as garden...

21 The History of the Book in Ireland

21 The History of the Book in Ireland   Reference library

Niall Ó Ciosáin and Clare Hutton

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
4,023 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...for every 8,800 people, whereas in Ireland the figure was one for every 190,000. One reason for this is that printing was an urban phenomenon, and Ireland was an overwhelmingly rural country. Its towns were mainly seaports trading with England and, to a lesser extent, with continental Europe. Imported books dominated the market: as late as 1700 , only 20 per cent of books bought in Ireland were produced there; of the rest, 75 per cent came from England and 5 per cent from Europe. Ireland was England’s largest market for book exports, surpassing both...

Policing

Policing   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,788 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of traditional sports, *fairs , and pastimes [ see *popular culture, 23 ]; the removal of vagrants; and the enforcement of drinking hours. Even so, the architects of the new police had always to tread carefully for fear of arousing traditional ruling-class anxieties about continental-style state policing. Some care was taken to avoid recruiting ex-soldiers as constables, preference being given to agricultural workers willing to accept the relatively low pay of 17 shillings per week. Rigid moral codes were enforced in order to control the behaviour of the...

Popular Culture

Popular Culture   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,520 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Clare claimed to have recoiled from radicalism after reading a pamphlet outlining Robespierre 's bloody crimes, and Egan liked to extoll the prizefighter as the embodiment of British (and Irish) patriotic virtue and toughness in contrast to the effeminate, freethinking continental. Clare seems genuinely to have admired the bluff, aristocratic paternalism of his patron Lord Radstock, a flesh-and-blood counterpart of Egan's rural sportsman Jerry Hawthorn. Like Egan, Clare seems also to have discovered a satisfying sense of urban pastoral in the sporting...

23 The History of the Book in the Low Countries

23 The History of the Book in the Low Countries   Reference library

Paul Hoftijzer

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
7,047 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
3

...as Thysius ( see thysiana, bibliotheca, leiden ), *Pauw , Hendrick Adriaansz van der Marck , the *Meermans , and *Crevenna . 3 1701–1900 That the book trade in the Dutch Republic was vulnerable became apparent from the end of the 17 th century onwards. The succession of continental wars seriously affected international sales, while at the same time competition grew from other countries—France, England, and the German states. Also, the decline of Latin as the scholarly language of the republic of letters and the growing importance of vernacular languages...

48 The History of the Book in America

48 The History of the Book in America   Reference library

Scott E. Casper and Joan Shelley Rubin

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
13,059 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...the war politicized printers, whose circumscribed output still included newspapers, pamphlets, government documents, and *broadsides . Independence freed printers from the royal *copyright on bible publication: petitioned by Presbyterian clergymen, a committee of the Continental Congress recommended the publication of an American edition of the Bible. After Congress fled from Philadelphia, the Scottish émigré printer *Aitken undertook the venture on his own, producing five successful editions of the New Testament. Unfortunately for Aitken, he decided...

subarctic climate

subarctic climate  

A climate zone that is found across much of North America and most of northern Eurasia, north of the humid continental climate and south of the polar climate in the northern hemisphere, and is ...
mid-latitude steppe and desert climate zone

mid-latitude steppe and desert climate zone  

A mid‐latitude climate zone that is found in continental interiors, further from the coast than the humid continental and humid subtropical climates, and often cut off from maritime air masses by ...
mid-latitude climate

mid-latitude climate  

The main climate zones within the mid‐latitudes are the mediterranean, marine west coast, humid subtropical, humid continental, and the mid‐latitude steppe and desert.

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