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consumer

Subject: Law

A private individual acting otherwise than in the course of a business. Consumers are often given special legal protection when entering into contracts, for example by having a right to ...

Consumerism

Consumerism   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
3,809 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... Disputes rage as to the right term to describe the distinctiveness of the contemporary Western world. Labels like ‘democracy’, ‘the first world’, ‘post-industrialism’, and ‘capitalist society’ all circulate, but one favoured tag is ‘the consumer society’. With that concept in mind, historians have, not surprisingly, peered back into the past in search of the roots of consumerism, and in particular in hope of unearthing the first consumer society. They have also undertaken historical analyses seeking to elucidate the essential core of ‘consumerism’....

consumerism

consumerism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
18 words

... 1. A synonym for consumerization: see consumer culture ; post-Fordism . 2. (consumer movement) The consumer rights movement. ...

consumerism

consumerism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Economics (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
88 words

...consumerism The view that economic life should be organized for the benefit of consumers, rather than producers. Because consumers are individuals while producers are mostly organized in firms, and consumers spread their purchases over a much wider variety of goods and services than most firms produce, consumers are mostly less well informed and less organized than producers. Consumerism takes the view that where the interests of consumers and producers clash, the law should take the side of consumer protection against firms’ profits or their workers’ job...

consumerism

consumerism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Marketing (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
64 words

... 1 The advocacy of the rights of consumers, as against the efforts of advertisers and producers ( see consumer rights ). 2 The emphasis of advertising, public relations, and marketing efforts towards creating consumers ( see consumer society ). These two definitions are almost opposite in meaning, but the former is commonly used today, while the latter was common prior to the...

consumerism

consumerism   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
44 words

... Belief that consumers should influence the policies and practices regulating the standards and methods of manufacturers, advertisers and sellers. Interest in consumerism first arose in the United States in the 1960s, with Ralph Nader responsible for raising the issue in the public...

consumerism

consumerism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

... A term used to describe the effects of equating personal happiness with purchasing material possessions and...

consumerism

consumerism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Business and Management (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
21 words

... An organized movement of citizens and government agencies to improve the rights and power of buyers in relation to...

Consumerism

Consumerism   Reference library

Karl GERTH

Berkshire Encyclopedia of China

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...unstable environment led to a “consumer movement” that included academic, bureaucratic, and social dimensions. In 1983 , the Chinese government sponsored the creation of the Chinese Consumers’ Association, the country’s central consumer protection association. By 2001 , the association had 3,000-plus local branches across China and had received over 6 million consumer complaints. The 1980s also saw the beginnings of the academic study of consumerism and the publication of consumer magazines and newspapers to protect “consumer rights,” as they became known....

consumerism

consumerism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Social Work and Social Care (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

.... The rhetoric about consumerism has grown steadily louder, particularly in services for adults with the introduction of direct payments and personal budgets . The adoption of consumerist discourse in services like social work raises a number of issues. First, consumerism is not a ready-made experience that all possess, simply waiting to be unleashed by stating in policy documents that henceforth it will be the basis for engagement with public services. Consumption is a skilled accomplishment. People learn to behave as consumers and their learning is...

Consumerism

Consumerism   Reference library

Peter N. STEARNS

Berkshire Encyclopedia of World History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History
Length:
2,780 words

...interest in stylish consumerism. Japan’s opening to the West involved quick assimilation of many consumer interests. Department stores began to mark the fashionable Ginza district in Tokyo by the 1890s. The same kinds of outlets showed up in Western-influenced Shanghai by the early twentieth century. These geographical extensions of consumerism were not automatic. Asian department stores often mixed traditional displays with Western-style consumerism. They offered concerts and other lures to demonstrate that consumerism was culturally acceptable. Even...

Consumerism

Consumerism   Reference library

Karl GERTH

Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology, Social sciences
Length:
2,903 words

...unstable environment led to a consumer movement that assumed academic, bureaucratic, and social dimensions. In 1983 , the Chinese government sponsored the creation of the Chinese Consumers’ Association, the country’s central consumer protection association. By 2001 , the association had over 3,000 local branches across China and had received over 6 million consumer complaints. The 1980s also saw the beginnings of the academic study of consumerism and the publication of consumer magazines and newspapers to protect “consumer rights,” as they became known....

competitive consumerism

competitive consumerism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...consumerism A competitive form of consumerism , driven by the quest for unlimited control of resources for personal...

green consumerism

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A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...consumerism Purchasing environment‐friendly products, such as electric or hybrid vehicles, wooden products that don't contain tropical hardwoods obtained from natural forests, and paper that has been...

Consumption and Consumerism

Consumption and Consumerism   Reference library

Matthew Hilton, Karl Gerth, and Peter N. Stearns

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
8,345 words
Illustration(s):
1

...of some mass-produced, branded, and advertised commodities. The term “consumerism” is used synonymously with “consumer culture.” In contrast, “consumer society” suggests not merely pockets of consumerism or consumer culture in an otherwise largely agricultural or protoindustrial country but rather the spread of such lifestyles centered on consumption to the majority of the population. Thus the more restrictive term “consumer society” applies only to levels of consumerism seen in Western Europe and America in the decades after World War II, in Japan in...

Commerce, Consumerism, and Christianity in America

Commerce, Consumerism, and Christianity in America   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Religion in America

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Religion
Length:
7,930 words

...University Press, 2007). 35. Leigh Eric Schmidt , Consumer Rites: The Buying & Selling of American Holidays (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1995), 25. 36. Schmidt, Consumer Rites , 31. 37. Schmidt, Consumer Rites , 32. 38. Schmidt, Consumer Rites , 73–74, 126. 39. Colleen McDannell , Material Christianity: Religion and Popular Culture in America (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1998). 40. Elizabeth Hafkin Pleck , Celebrating the Family: Ethnicity, Consumer Culture, and Family Rituals (Cambridge, MA: Harvard...

consumerism

consumerism n   Reference library

Oxford Business Spanish Dictionary: English-Spanish

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
4 words
consumerism

consumerism n   Reference library

Oxford Business French Dictionary: English-French

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
4 words
consumerism

consumerism n   Quick reference

Pocket Oxford Italian Dictionary: English-Italian (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
5 words
consumerism

consumerism noun   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
42 words
consumerism

consumerism noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
83 words

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