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confusion worse confounded

Complete confusion, deriving from a usage by Milton in Paradise Lost (1667).

confusion worse confounded

confusion worse confounded   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

... worse confounded complete confusion, deriving from a usage by Milton in Paradise Lost ( 1667...

confusion worse confounded

confusion worse confounded  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Complete confusion, deriving from a usage by Milton in Paradise Lost (1667).
1 & 2 Samuel

1 & 2 Samuel   Reference library

Gwilym H. Jones, Gwilym H. Jones, and Gwilym H. Jones

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
44,450 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...28 ). David's advance up the Mount of Olives ( vv. 30–1 ), which breaks the sequence of the five conversations, has been described as a pilgrimage or an act of penance. It was a march undertaken in sorrow and humility, which is mixed with a prayer that Ahithophel's counsel be confounded. A third conversation occurred between David and Hushai of the Archite clan of Benjamin ( vv. 32–7 ); it has been suggested that his appearance ‘where God was worshipped’ was a direct reply to David's prayer in v. 31 , for he is commissioned as an informer in order to defeat...

Gennys

Gennys  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Patron of St Gennys (Cornwall) is sometimes identified with Genesius of Arles, but the fact that his feast is kept in Cornwall in 2 May (and not on 25 August) probably points to the cult of an ...
Confusion

Confusion   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... Confusion of tongues According to the Bible ( Genesis 11:1–9 ) the people of the earth originally spoke one language and lived together. They built a city and a tower as a rallying point, but God, seeing this as the beginning of ambition, ‘did confound the language of all the earth’ and scattered them abroad and hence the town was called babel . This was taken as an explanation of the diversity of languages and the dispersal of mankind and of the origin of the name babylon . Confusion worse confounded Disorder redoubled, a mix-up that has gone from...

Gennys

Gennys   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Saints (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
154 words

...of St Gennys (Cornwall) is sometimes identified with Genesius of Arles , but the fact that his feast is kept in Cornwall in 2 May (and not on 25 August ) probably points to the cult of an obscure local founder, later identified with the more famous Genesius . The confusion is worse confounded by William Worcestre's entry: ‘There were three brothers of the name of Genesius, each one of whom carried his head and one was archbishop of Lismore.’ Each of these statements is false. The head-relics enshrined in the canons' church at Launceston were identified...

Solar wind

Solar wind   Reference library

Magic Universe: A Grand Tour of Modern Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Science and technology, History of Science
Length:
3,559 words

...indicating significant changes in the radiocarbon production rate. When archaeologists used the bristlecone results to calibrate their dates, the effects were revolutionary. A cherished idea that civilization and technologies diffused outwards from Sumeria and Egypt was confounded when the corrected radiocarbon dates showed that folk in Brittany were building large stone monuments 1500 years before the first rough-stone Egyptian pyramid was constructed. As Colin Renfrew at Southampton announced in 1973 : ‘The whole diffusionist framework collapses,...

Nature and Nurture as an Enduring Tension in the History of Psychology

Nature and Nurture as an Enduring Tension in the History of Psychology   Reference library

Hunter Honeycutt

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the History of Modern Psychology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, History
Length:
12,089 words
Illustration(s):
2

...is neither a legitimate nor a constructive way of thinking about development. Instead, developmental analysis reveals that the terms commonly associated with nature (e.g., innate, genetic, hereditary, or instinctual) and nurture (environmental or learned) are so entwined and confounded (and often arbitrary) that their independent effects cannot be meaningfully discussed. The nature–nurture division oversimplifies developmental processes, takes too much for granted, and ultimately hinders scientific progress. Thus not only is there a lingering tension about...

Strategy

Strategy   Reference library

Joshua Rovner

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Military and Diplomatic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Their adaptations may be wise or foolish, but in either case they are likely to change the trajectory of war, making it difficult to sustain a coherent strategy throughout. A fundamental problem for strategists is that logical plans for linking means and ends are often confounded by interaction effects. Strategists need to think about the sequence of military actions needed to achieve some political goal, but enemy adaptation may throw that sequence completely out of whack. The situation is even more complicated when coalitions are involved. Unexpected...

Historical Views of Homosexuality: European Colonialism

Historical Views of Homosexuality: European Colonialism   Reference library

Robert Aldrich

The Oxford Encyclopedia of LGBT Politics and Policy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
9,622 words

...and young men that were commonplace and accepted in Japan. The physiognomy and dress of “natives” often confounded Europeans’ notions of gender propriety and sexuality. In Ceylon, men who grew their hair long, and oiled and ornamented it with a comb, seemed unmanly, and the slight build of many of the islanders provoked Europeans to call them androgynous. Cultures elsewhere with little gender variation in clothing styles similarly caused confusion about differences between male and female. By contrast, Europeans saw black African men as dangerously...

Cognitive Approaches to Foreign Policy Analysis

Cognitive Approaches to Foreign Policy Analysis   Reference library

Aaron Rapport

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Foreign Policy Analysis

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
11,584 words

...are externally valid—can one infer the cognitive traits of foreign policy officials using results from typical individuals in an artificial setting ( Hafner-Burton et al., 2013 ; Lau & Levy, 1998 , pp. 40–41; Mintz, Redd, & Vedlitz, 2006 )? This problem may be further confounded by the alleged replication crisis in psychology, in which researchers have debated the prevalence of problematic research practices that bring the reliability of a range of findings into question ( Pashler & Wagenmakers, 2012 ; Simmons, Nelson, & Simonsohn, 2011 ). In some...

London

London   Reference library

Andrew Sanders, Andrew Sanders, Andrew Sanders, Andrew Sanders, Paul Schlicke, David Parker, Andrew Sanders, David Parker, Andrew Sanders, Andrew Sanders, Anne Humpherys, and David Parker

The Oxford Reader's Companion to Dickens

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
12,756 words

...for carcasses was built ( 1866–8 ). Dickens, then, saw Smithfield reformed and reconstructed but, characteristically, it was the old Smithfield that held his imagination. Hustled through it by Bill Sikes , Oliver Twist found it ‘a stunning and bewildering scene, which quite confounded the senses’ ( OT 21; see also 16). Pip complained that ‘the shameful place, being all asmear with filth and fat and blood and foam, seemed to stick to me’ ( GE 20). Passing allusions are made in Dickens's works to the Borough Market ( PP 10, 32), Clare Market ( PP 20),...

Dance

Dance   Reference library

Francis Sparshott, Graham McFee, Mark Franko, Mark Franko, Erin Brannigan, and André Lepecki

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
20,754 words

...time to note how “it is therefore imperative to distinguish contemporary art from art of the current moment” (1992, p. 128). Similarly, and considering dance specifically, Frédéric Pouillaude states how the contemporary, in the expression “contemporary dance,” is not to be confounded with the “self-figuration of an epoch,” since it concerns “a certain mutation that has happened in the choreographic field during the past 10 years” (i.e., roughly since the mid-1990s). This “mutation” results from the fact that choreographic works over the past decade and a...

Empire and Imperialism

Empire and Imperialism   Reference library

Heather Streets, John E. Kicza, John P. Cann, Wim van den Doel, Aaron D. Whelchel, Patricia M. E. Lorcin, G. N. Uzoigwe, Erik Grimmer-Solem, Kirk W. Larsen, and Christopher A. Conte

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
48,169 words
Illustration(s):
1

...related to “empire,” “imperialism” refers to the ideologies held within the dominant polity that support and encourage the creation of empires. It is, in other words, the force behind empire that translates expansionist sentiment into action. “Imperialism” is frequently confounded with “colonialism,” but in fact the two terms are not synonymous. Rather, “colonialism” refers not to the driving ideology behind empire, but to the policies and practices set in motion within imperial territories in order to maintain order and to realize economic and social...

United States of America

United States of America   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
234,746 words
Illustration(s):
2

...into which people could neatly be sorted. However, many scholars now consider gender and race as social constructions, based on social and political influences, rather than on biological characteristics (Irvine 1995 ; Simon 1996 ). Additionally, many research studies have confounded socioeconomic status with race. Shortcomings often encountered in sexuality research include the lack of historical context, cultural in-sensitivity, and generalizations or assumptions about gender (Burgess 1994 ). Various aspects of African-American women's sexuality are...

Chaos

Chaos   Quick reference

Oxford Essential Quotations (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
249 words

...ordered chaos and in the rules of chance. Francis Bacon 1909 – 92 Irish painter Andrew Sinclair Francis Bacon: His Life and Violent Times (1993) With ruin upon ruin, rout on rout, Confusion worse confounded. John Milton 1608 – 74 English poet Paradise Lost (1667) bk. 2, l. 995 ruin upon ruin confusion worse confounded Confusion worse confounded I'm interested in anything about revolt, disorder, chaos, especially activity that appears to have no meaning. It seems to me to be the road toward freedom. Jim Morrison 1943 – 71 American ...

John Milton

John Milton (1608–74)   Quick reference

Oxford Essential Quotations (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
3,565 words

...th'Almighty Maker them ordain His dark materials to create more worlds. Paradise Lost (1667) bk. 2, l. 915; see Pullman dark materials to create dark materials to create With ruin upon ruin, rout on rout, Confusion worse confounded. Paradise Lost (1667) bk. 2, l. 995 ruin upon ruin confusion worse confounded Confusion worse confounded Dark with excessive bright. Paradise Lost (1667) bk. 3, l. 380 dark with excessive bright excessive bright Hypocrisy, the only evil that walks Invisible, except to God alone. Paradise Lost (1667) bk. 3, l. 683...

John Milton

John Milton (1608–74)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
7,350 words

...to create dark materials to create to create more worlds Sable-vested Night, eldest of things. Paradise Lost (1667) bk. 2, l. 962 sable -vested Night Sable-vested night With ruin upon ruin, rout on rout, Confusion worse confounded. Paradise Lost (1667) bk. 2, l. 995 ruin upon ruin confusion worse confounded Confusion worse confounded Die he or justice must. Paradise Lost (1667) bk. 3, l. 210; see andrewes die he or justice must Die he or justice must Dark with excessive bright. Paradise Lost (1667) bk. 3, l. 380 dark with excessive...

The Book of Common Prayer

The Book of Common Prayer (1662)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
24,268 words

...of the book of the living: and not be written among the righteous. Psalm 69, v. 29 wiped out of the book book of the living book of the living Let them be ashamed and confounded that seek after my soul: let them be turned backward and put to confusion that wish me evil. Let them for their reward be soon brought to shame: that cry over me, There, there. Psalm 70, v. 2 ashamed and confounded let them be turned backward wish me evil cry over me, There, there cry over me, there , there I am become as it were a monster unto many: but my sure trust is in...

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