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Overview

conditional

Subject: Philosophy

A statement that something [the consequent clause] will be true provided that something else [the antecedent clause] is true. For example ‘if n is divisible by 2, n is even’ is a ...

conditionality

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A Dictionary of Economics (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
76 words

...conditionality The practice by which the International Monetary Fund ( IMF ) makes its loans conditional on the borrowing country adopting an approved adjustment programme or policy package. Conditionality is justified by the argument that the IMF has limited total resources, and that there is no point in using them in cases when a country’s trade or macroeconomic policies make it unlikely that their balance-of-payments problems can be solved even with an IMF...

conditionality

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A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
347 words

...are always likely to be tensions between short‐term domestic incentives and the expectations of international funding bodies. Yet, proponents of conditionality suggest that conditionality curbs corruption by recipients and increases accountability. In foreign policy, conditionality is also often viewed as a useful mechanism to generate norm compliance or as a way to exert soft power . However, conditionality has been criticized for imposing the model of Western political liberalism on countries where it may not be appropriate or supported by the people;...

conditionality

conditionality   Reference library

The Handbook of International Financial Terms

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

... . A condition of balance of payments assistance to a country by the International Monetary Fund ( IMF ) which stipulates that one of the conditions governing the provision of IMF support is that policy steps are taken to resolve the underlying...

conditionality

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A Dictionary of Finance and Banking (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... The terms under which the International Monetary Fund ( IMF ) provides balance-of-payments support to member states. The principle is that support will only be given on the condition that it is accompanied by steps to solve the underlying problem. Programmes of economic reform are agreed with the member; these emphasize the attainment of a sustainable balance-of-payments position and boosting the supply side of the economy. Lending by commercial banks is frequently linked to IMF conditionality...

conditionality

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A Dictionary of Finance and Banking (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

... The terms under which the International Monetary Fund (IMF) provides balance-of-payments support to member states. The principle is that support will only be given on the condition that it is accompanied by steps to solve the underlying problem. Programmes of economic reform are agreed with the member; these emphasize the attainment of a sustainable balance-of-payments position and boosting the supply side of the economy. Lending by commercial banks is frequently linked to IMF conditionality...

conditionality

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A Dictionary of Business and Management (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
76 words

... The terms under which the International Monetary Fund (IMF) provides balance-of-payments support to member states. The principle is that support will only be given on the condition that it is accompanied by steps to solve the underlying problem. Programmes of economic reform are agreed with the member; these emphasize the attainment of a sustainable balance-of-payments position and boosting the supply side of the economy. Lending by commercial banks is frequently linked to IMF conditionality...

conditionality

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A Dictionary of African Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...conditionality The act of placing political or economic conditions on the provision of assistance. In the African context, the term is usually used in relation to the conditions imposed by international donors, the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank in order for states to secure economic and loans. In the 1980s and 1990s, the main economic conditions imposed by Western donors and international financial institutions were the core economic principles underpinning the Washington Consensus . Following the end of the Cold War, some donors—most...

conditionality

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A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

... A state of being conditional, or qualified by reservations. The granting of development assistant funds to a country might depend on it signing a climate change policy agreement, for...

conditionality

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A Dictionary of Human Resource Management (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
137 words

...conditionality is a central feature of many welfare benefits in the UK. Continuing or full receipt of benefits is often conditional on the worker taking steps to raise their employability . The typical pattern is for benefit recipients to have to agree a ‘contract’ or ‘action plan’ with a government official, which details the steps they will take to raise their skills and capability for work and to find a job. As part of this arrangement, the benefit recipient will often receive advice, guidance, and training. The purpose of conditionality is to pressure...

IMF Conditionality

IMF Conditionality   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Economics in India (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

...programme reviews. Reforms of the IMF’s lending and conditionality framework have also included: (i) the simplification of IMF’s lending toolkit to eliminate facilities that catered to narrow balance-of-payment problems and (ii) a shift to greater reliance on pre-set qualification criteria (or ex-ante conditionality) rather than the traditional (ex- post) conditionality. Countries now have access to three crisis-prevention facilities: the Flexible Credit Line (FCL) with only ex-ante conditionality for countries with sound fundamentals and policy track...

conditionality

conditionality n   Reference library

Oxford Business Spanish Dictionary: English-Spanish

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
5 words
Aid, Political Conditionality, and Other International Efforts to Support Democracy in Africa

Aid, Political Conditionality, and Other International Efforts to Support Democracy in Africa   Reference library

Christine Hackenesch

The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
8,230 words

...impact of aid, democracy aid, and political conditionality on political reforms in Africa from a macro-quantitative perspective with regard to specific country cases and focusing on specific instruments such as democracy aid or sanctions. Early macro-quantitative studies were mostly interested in the effect of general development aid on the level of democracy. These studies assume that aid impacts on democracy by supporting economic development in the target country or more directly through political conditionality, aid selectivity, and democracy aid (...

conditionality

conditionality  

Is a central feature of a growing number of welfare benefits in the UK. Continuing or full receipt of benefits is often conditional on the worker taking steps to raise their employability. The ...
conditionality

conditionality  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The practice by which the International Monetary Fund (IMF) makes its loans conditional on the borrowing country adopting an approved adjustment programme or policy package. Conditionality is ...
conditional

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The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
125 words

... Any proposition of the form ‘if p then q ’. The condition hypothesized, p , is called the antecedent of the conditional, and q the consequent. Various kinds of conditional have been distinguished. The weakest is that of material implication , merely telling us that either not- p , or q . Stronger conditionals include elements of modality , corresponding to the thought that ‘if p is true then q must be true’. Ordinary language is very flexible in its use of the conditional form, and there is controversy whether conditionals are better...

conditional

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
35 words

... Mood ( 1 ) characteristic of a conditional clause or, as implied by the use of the term in accounts of French and other Romance languages, a main clause accompanied by...

conditional

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The Oxford Dictionary of English Grammar (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
466 words

... ( adj. ) (Used for) expressing a condition . ( n. ) A sentence containing a conditional clause . •• conditional clause : a clause introduced by a conditional conjunction / subordinator , the commonest of which are if and unless , e.g. We can’t implement this plan if she is abroad If and unless can also introduce non-finite and verbless clauses, e.g. If in doubt , say nothing, unless advised otherwise Other conditional conjunctions include on condition (that) , providing that , provided (that) . •• conditional sentence ...

conditional

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A Dictionary of Computer Science (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology, Mathematics and Computer Science
Length:
57 words
Illustration(s):
2

... 1. Taken account of in some but not all circumstances. 2. A logic statement of the form that should be read as ‘if P is true then Q follows’, although its meaning in logic only partly resembles its usage in English (see table). conditional . Truth...

conditional

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

... A statement that something [the consequent clause] will be true provided that something else [the antecedent clause] is true. For example ‘if n is divisible by 2, n is even’ is a conditional statement, in which the antecedent is ‘ n is divisible by 2’ and the consequent is ‘ n is...

conditionals

conditionals   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
654 words

...hand and ( b ) and ( c ) on the other, a view taken by V. H. Dudman . Unlike most theorists, Dudman's work is marked by close attention to grammar, in particular to tense in conditionals. On Dudman's view ( b ) and ( c ) are conditionals. But conditionals are not propositions compounded of propositions. They are what Dudman calls simple messages: they have a subject and their conditional clauses are constituents of their predicates, rather than propositions. They represent verdicts on ‘fantasies’ where we are ‘envisioning the unfolding of a causally continuous...

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