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concept

A concept is that which is understood by a term, particularly a predicate. To possess a concept is to be able to deploy a term expressing it in making judgements: the ability connects with ...

concept

concept   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

... An abstract idea or conclusion based on a generalization from particular...

concept

concept   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
112 words

... A concept is that which is understood by a term, particularly a predicate. To possess a concept is to be able to deploy a term expressing it in making judgements: the ability connects with such things as recognizing when the term applies, and being able to understand the consequences of its application. The term ‘idea’ was formerly used in the same way, but is avoided because of its associations with subjective mental imagery, which may be irrelevant to the possession of a concept. In the semantics of Frege , a concept is the reference of a predicate,...

concept

concept n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

.... See also basic-level category , componential theory , conjunctive concept , construct , disjunctive concept , exemplar , intension , intuition , prototype theory . conceptual adj. Of, relating to, or based on a concept or concepts. [From Latin conceptum something received or conceived, from concipere to take in or conceive, from con - with + capere, ceptum to...

concept

concept   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
114 words

... An abstraction used in everyday language or, more formally, in the theories and models used by researchers. Often researchers will critically analyse the way concepts are used in everyday life, will seek to redefine them, or will seek to use them in their analysis of the world. Many concepts have this quality of being ordinary (used by lay actors) and yet also very technical (used by researchers). Examples include rights, justice, landscape , nature , and time . In human geography, there is a small set of key concepts that attracts considerable...

concept

concept   Reference library

Bede Rundle

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
344 words

...differentially to things which fall under the concept, as can be realized in a non-language-user, but also the ability to apply or indeed to misapply a concept, to extend it to new cases, to abandon it in favour of an alternative concept, to invoke the concept in the absence of things to which it applies, and so forth. In the absence of a word or other sign to which the concept might be annexed, it is difficult to make sense of these possibilities, difficult to say that non-language-users can possess concepts in anything more than an extended sense. Mr Bede...

concept

concept   Reference library

Richard L. Gregory

The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
298 words

... . An abstraction or general notion that may serve as a unit (or an ‘atom’) of a theory. Some concepts can be powerful thinking tools even when they are not at all fully understood. Thus even simple concepts or procedures in mathematics (such as ‘dividing by x ’, or ‘taking the square root of x ’) allow problems to be solved even though they, or even the questions addressed, are not understood. Concepts may be more or less clear, and a major part of philosophy is to clarify them. This can be extremely difficult: what is our concept of time—or of mind?...

concept

concept   Reference library

Garner's Modern English Usage (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
421 words

... ; conception . Both may mean “an abstract idea.” Conception also means “the act of forming abstract ideas.” H.W. Fowler wrote that conception is the ordinary term, concept the philosophical term ( FMEU1 at 88). But the words have undergone a reversal since he was writing in 1926 , and today concept is the ordinary term. True, concept is sometimes just a high-flown equivalent of design , program , thought , or idea —e.g.: • “That is good news for [Senator] Kerry, who was dragged kicking and screaming to the concept [read ...

concept

concept   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
151 words

... A construct mediating between a word and whatever it is used to refer to: e.g. a concept ‘dog’, as mediating, in the minds of speakers, between the word dog and the set of animals identified by it. Hence as a construct across languages: thus ‘dog’ might be seen as common to both English dog and chien in French, Hund in German, etc. ‘ Conceptualist ’ accounts of meaning relate words etc. to concepts, not directly to, e.g., things. Compare semantic triangle . Many terms in grammar, e.g. those for case roles , have been thought of similarly. Thus...

CONCEPT

CONCEPT   Reference library

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
134 words

... “Concept” is borrowed from the Latin conceptus , based on concipere ( cum-capere , take entirely, contain). The conceptus is what one conceives in two senses of the term, the product of an internal gestation (the concept is mind’s fetus) and collection in a unit, generality: CONCEPTUS ; cf. INTELLECT , INTELLECTUS , SOUL , UNDERSTANDING . On the difference between “nominalism” and “conceptualism,” see TERM . Only the act of intellectual grasp subsists in Begriff , which corresponds to comprehendere and comprehensio , and belongs to the...

concept identification

concept identification n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... identification n. Another name for concept formation...

concept learning

concept learning n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... learning n. Another name for concept formation...

species concept

species concept   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...concept The basis on which a species is defined. See also biological species concept ; cladistic species concept ; ecological species concept ; phenetic species concept ; recognition species concept...

conjunctive concept

conjunctive concept n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...concept n. A concept defined by the simultaneous possession or conjunction ( 2 ) of two or more attributes , for example, a red square. Compare disjunctive concept...

disjunctive concept

disjunctive concept n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...concept n. A concept defined by a disjunction ( 2 ) specifying the possession of either one attribute or another, for example, a figure that is either red or is a square. Compare conjunctive concept...

concept formation

concept formation n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... formation n. The process by which a concept is acquired or learnt, usually from exposure to examples of items that belong to the concept category and items that do not belong to it. In general, it involves learning to distinguish and recognize the relevant attributes according to which items are classified and the rules governing the combination of relevant attributes, which may be disjunctive, as in the concept of a coin, which may be circular, polygonal, or annular. Also called concept identification or concept learning . See also ...

marketing concept

marketing concept   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Marketing (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
38 words

...concept A business orientation or philosophy that holds that organizational success is dependent upon the efficient identification of the needs and wants of target markets and customers and the effective satisfaction of them. See also concept testing...

prudence concept

prudence concept   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Finance and Banking (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...concept The accounting concept that insists on a realistic view of business activity and stresses that anticipated revenues and profits have no place in a profit and loss account until they have been realized in the form of cash or other assets for which the ultimate cash value can be assessed with reasonable certainty. However, provision should be made for all known expenses and losses whether the amount of these is known with certainty or is a best estimate in the context of the information available. The prudence concept was identified as a...

period concept

period concept   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Accounting (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
51 words

...concept The accounting concept that the financial statements of a company should be produced after regular periods. The profit and loss account and balance sheet are prepared at regular intervals, for example annually, instead of after each transaction or event. This provides comparability, consistency, and regular...

high concept

high concept   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
62 words

...concept Media productions which are easy to market because they feature established stars, have cross-media potential and have a straightforward premise which is easily communicated and comprehended, often by being reducible to a single sentence. The high concept approach originated in American television but is particularly associated with film ; it has defined mainstream Hollywood cinema since the 1980s. ...

consistency concept

consistency concept   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Accounting (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
127 words

...concept One of four fundamental accounting concepts identified in Statement of Standard Accounting Practice (SSAP) 2, Disclosure of Accounting Policies; it was also recognized in the Companies Act and the EU’s Fourth Company Law Directive . The concept requires consistency of treatment of like items within each accounting period and from one period to the next; it also requires that accounting policies are consistently applied. Under current guidance, the consistency concept is no longer recognized as a fundamental principle. Rather, an entity...

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