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concentration camp

Originally a place in which non-combatants were accommodated, as instituted by Lord Kitchener during the Second Boer War (1899–1902). The Boers, mainly women and children, were placed ...

Concentration camp

Concentration camp   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... camp A guarded camp for non-military (usually political) prisoners. Concentration camps were first used by the British to intern Boer families in the Second Anglo-Boer War ( 1899–1902 ), but the most infamous were the camps set up by the nazis after 1933 for the detention and persecution of their political opponents. See also holocaust...

concentration camp

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The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...in these camps, giving the term an early and ominous link with genocide . Not to be confused with internment camps such as those employed to quarantine Japanese-Americans after Pearl Harbor , concentration camps are now associated with, at best, punishment and forced labour, as in what Solzhenitsyn called the ‘Gulag archipelago’ of Stalin's USSR. At worst the concentration camps of Nazi Germany were used for the systematic extermination of Jews, gypsies, homosexuals, Russian prisoners of war, and a variety of others. Hugh...

concentration camp

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A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
398 words

... camp Originally a place in which non-combatants were accommodated, as instituted by Lord Kitchener during the Second Boer War (1899–1902). The Boers, mainly women and children, were placed there officially for their own protection from Kitchener’s ‘scorched earth policy’ in the Transvaal and Cape Colony, but actually to prevent them from aiding the guerrillas. Some 20,000 detainees died, largely as a result of disease arising from unhygienic conditions. During the Nazi regime in Germany (1933–45) concentration camps became places in which to...

concentration camp

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World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
108 words

... camp Detention centre for military or political prisoners. The first were set up by the British for Afrikaner civilians during the South African Wars ( 1899–1902 ). The most notorious were established by the German Nazi regime in the 1930s for political opponents, and people considered racially or socially undesirable. Some of these camps provided slave labour while others were the sites of mass execution. In Poland, more than 6 million people (mostly Jews) were murdered in the gas chambers. Gulags were widely employed during Stalin's purges,...

Concentration camp

Concentration camp   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Modern Phrase & Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

... camp . A guarded camp for non-military (usually political) prisoners. Concentration camps were first used by the British to intern Boer families in the Second Boer War ( 1899–1902 ), but the most infamous were the camps set up by the Nazis after 1933 for the detention and persecution of their political opponents. See also Holocaust...

concentration camp

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Pocket Oxford Italian Dictionary: English-Italian (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
7 words
concentration camp

concentration camp n   Reference library

Pocket Oxford Irish Dictionary: English-Irish

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
6 words
concentration camp

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Pocket Oxford Spanish Dictionary: English-Spanish (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
7 words
concenˈtration camp

concenˈtration camp n.   Quick reference

Pocket Oxford German Dictionary: English German (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
8 words
concentration camp

concentration camp noun   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
112 words
concentration camp

concentration camp noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
92 words
concentration camp

concentration camp noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
91 words
concentration camp

concentration camp noun   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
61 words
concentration camp

concentration camp noun   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
133 words
concentration camp

concentration camp  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Originally a place in which non-combatants were accommodated, as instituted by Lord Kitchener during the Second Boer War (1899–1902). The Boers, mainly women and children, were placed there ...
concentration camps

concentration camps   Reference library

Johannes Tuchel

The Oxford Companion to World War II

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

...Dachau, Theodor Eicke , as Inspector of Concentration Camps with the job of reorganizing them. Eicke closed the last SA camps, standardized the administration of the others, and established the SS Death's Head formations, the concentration camp guards. From then on Eicke's Concentration Camp Inspection Office was responsible for the conditions in the camps while incarcerations and releases were effected by the Gestapo , which maintained its own Political Division in each camp. By June 1935 there were just five camps with approximately 3,500 prisoners:...

concentration camps

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A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
501 words

...concentration camps These large prison camps were first used in Cuba ( 1896 ), and in the Boer War, when around 160,000 Boers were interned, around 30,000 of whom died. However, it was in Nazi Germany that they were systematically used, first to imprison opponents of the regime but increasingly also during the Holocaust to imprison and murder those whom Nazi ideology considered ‘undesirable’. The vast majority of victims in the concentration camps were Jews, but those imprisoned and murdered also included Jehovah's Witnesses , priests, homosexuals,...

Medicine

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An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
3,985 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...The work of *prison reformers (notably John *Howard ), pioneer sanitarians, medical reformers, and urban physicians like the London *Quaker John Coakley Lettsom ( 1744–1815 ) pointed to the dangers of poor ventilation, overcrowding, dirt, and malnutrition. Schools, gaols, camps, barracks, and workhouses were extremely vulnerable to fevers (typhus). Tuberculosis (‘the white plague’) was recognized to be worsening, particularly amongst the urban poor, and the links between tuberculosis and slum conditions were evident [ see *poverty, 12 ]. Faced with such...

Publishing

Publishing   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,242 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...employment than was offered by writing periodic reviews, essays, and articles was best secured either by producing a magazine section—in effect, writing a regular column—or by acting for a bookseller as the literary editor of a periodical. Contemporaries contrasted the genteel camp of ‘liberal’ writers, populated by men and women of large vision and good taste, with the squalid and impecunious quarters inhabited by authors of partial vision, venal aspiration, and grovelling subordination. Pastiche, the periodical, and compilation of every sort created...

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