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concealment error

(television) Digital dropout that is caused by some break in the code for which error-correcting software cannot compensate.

concealment error

concealment error ((television))   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
19 words

... error (television) A picture fault caused by some break in the code for which error-correcting software cannot compensate. ...

concealment error

concealment error  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
(television) Digital dropout that is caused by some break in the code for which error-correcting software cannot compensate.
generation loss

generation loss  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
In analogue recordings, a progressive loss of quality that occurs every time a tape, film, or vinyl disc is copied. The problem of generation loss has been reduced but not eradicated in digital ...
generation loss

generation loss   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
44 words

...loss In analogue recordings, a progressive loss of quality that occurs every time a tape, film , or vinyl disc is copied. The problem of generation loss has been reduced but not eradicated in digital media . See also compression ; concealment error . ...

Misprision

Misprision   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...(Old French mesprision , ‘error’, from mesprendre , ‘to mistake’) Concealment, a serious offence in law. Misprision of felony Neglecting to reveal a felony when known. The offence lapsed following the abolition in 1967 of the distinction between felony and misdemeanour. Misprision of treason Neglecting to disclose or purposely concealing a treasonable...

dropout

dropout   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
56 words

... found in analogue recording where a speck of dust gets between the tape and the recording head. This results, in audio, in a pop or crackle sound , and in video in a break in the recording which manifests as a horizontal black line visible on the screen: compare concealment error . ...

Random Allocation

Random Allocation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Epidemiology (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...differences via standard errors, P values, and confidence intervals. It also ensures that personal judgment and views of the investigator do not influence allocation. Random allocation follows a strictly predetermined plan, devised with the aid of a computer program. Nonrandom methods (e.g., allocation by alternation, date of birth, case record, day of the week, presenting or enrollment order), sometimes called “pseudorandomization,” are not reliable in producing similar groups, prone to breakdown of Allocation Concealment , and thus usually unacceptable...

self-deception

self-deception   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
625 words

...how can they be honest with patients about their intent and about any illusory belief they wish to encourage? But if they cannot, why should their patients trust them? Prof. Sissela Bok See also lying . Sissela Bok , ‘Secrecy and Self-Deception’, in Secrets: On the Ethics of Concealment and Revelation (New York, 1992). Herbert Fingarette , Self-Deception (London, 1969). Mike Martin (ed.), Self-Deception and Self-Understanding: New Essays in Philosophy and Psychology (Lawrence, Kan., 1985). Alfred R. Mele , Self-Deception Unmasked (Princeton, NJ,...

Reproductive Physiology, Human

Reproductive Physiology, Human   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Evolution

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

...Alexander, R. D. , and K. M. Noonan . “Concealment of Ovulation, Parental Care, and Human Social Evolution.” In Evolutionary Biology and Human Social Behavior: An Anthropological Perspective , edited by N. A. Chagnon and W. G. Irons , pp. 436–453. North Scituate, Mass., 1979. Ellison, P. T. On Fertile Ground: A Natural History of Human Reproduction . Cambridge, Mass., 2001. A provocative, new introduction to human reproductive physiology from the perspective of natural selection. Gladwell, M. “ John Rock's Error. ” New Yorker , 13 March 2000, pp....

Cozy Mystery

Cozy Mystery   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Crime and Mystery Writing

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
1,279 words

...then innocent, then guilty; the murderer is the least likely suspect ; or after much investigation, the main suspect may be murdered, forcing the detective to start all over again. An additional convention is the breaking of conventions. The most pointed of these is the concealment of the murderer in the guise of the detective, his assistant, or a policeman. Several writers have tried their hand at this, for example, Georgette Heyer in A Blunt Instrument ( 1938 ). Christie wrote a series of novels devoted to breaking the rules. Many writers of the...

O'Connell, Daniel

O'Connell, Daniel (1775–1847)   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
1,112 words

...in nineteenth-century British radicalism and parliamentary development. He was shaped by more than his Catholic heritage, late *Enlightenment [32] ideas, and innate political genius. Dependence on a rich, ambitious, and exacting uncle from childhood onwards bred habits of concealment, duplicity, and ready flattery in O'Connell. It may also have contributed to the gross financial irresponsibility that left him vulnerable to attack and, worse still, ridicule, especially after 1830 . His wife and children also deeply influenced his career—his wife as...

Meta-Analysis

Meta-Analysis   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...K. F. , Chalmers, I. , Hayes, R. J. , & Altman, D. G. (1995). Empirical evidence of bias: Dimensions of methodological quality associated with estimates of treatment effects in controlled trials . JAMA , 273, 408–412. Schulz, K. F. , & Grimes, D. A. (2002). Allocation concealment in randomised trials: Defending against deciphering . The Lancet , 359, 614–618. Shadish, W. R. , Cook, T. D. , & Campbell, D. T. (2002). Experimental and quasi-experimental designs for generalized causal inference . Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Shadish, W. R. , & Myers, D. ...

misconduct, scientific

misconduct, scientific   Reference library

Science, Technology, and Society

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...than a decade of sometimes heated controversy. One reason for the dispute is that in scientific inquiry there is a thin and indistinct line between a brilliant conjecture and a misleading conclusion, between an honest error and a deceptive fabrication, between an educated judgment of data quality and a falsifying act of trimming or concealment. In consequence, definitions of what constitutes scientific misconduct, mechanisms for detection and accountability, and methods of inquiry and remedy have been contested and changing. Since the early 1980s federal...

Kierkegaard, Søren Aabye

Kierkegaard, Søren Aabye (1813–55)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
3,088 words

...in that way, Kierkegaard embarked on a series of ‘edifying’ works under his own name. These works, though on the surface in a conventionally religious vein, convey deep moral-psychological insight and it would not be improper to refer to them as philosophical. The practice of concealment was continued, however, in a parallel series of pseudonymous works which include those more usually regarded as philosophical. These include, already in 1843 , two works written largely in Berlin, Repetition and Fear and Trembling , followed in 1844 by Philosophical...

William Shakespeare: The Comedies

William Shakespeare: The Comedies   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of British Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature
Length:
5,166 words

...when she speaks to the captain who rescued her from the sea (1.2.48–51). Her decision to adopt a false appearance herself immediately follows and seems even to be inspired by what she has just said to him. The contrast between witting and unwitting “disguise” (strategic self-concealment vs. self-deception) is thus made clear. The first is what we see in Viola and Feste; the second, in Orsino, Olivia, and Malvolio. Problem Comedies Shakespeare's ceaseless interest in dramatic experimentation is evident in three plays that depart in various ways from the...

professional responsibilities in medical research

professional responsibilities in medical research   Reference library

Thomas H. Murray

Science, Technology, and Society

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...Council includes the following in its description of misconduct: failure to follow established protocols if this failure results in unreasonable risk or harm to humans, other vertebrates, or the environment; and facilitating of misconduct in research by collusion in or concealment of action by others. In addition, it is important to note that research misconduct can arise from acts of commission (as described so far) as well as acts of omission (see point b under misrepresentation in the Commission's report). According to the ORI, the omission of...

The Tenant of Wildfell Hall

The Tenant of Wildfell Hall   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Brontes

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
5,179 words

...as in the case of Wuthering Heights and Agnes Grey , but Anne's second novel did suffer the same general shoddiness of production as the earlier works, which Charlotte complained ‘abound in errors of the press’ (Smith Letters , 1. 575). Herbert Rosengarten points out careless errors in spelling, punctuation, and capitalization, and even a number of substantive errors which may derive from misreading Anne's handwriting or the common practice by some printers of having an apprentice read out copy to the compositor ( Tenant (Clarendon edn.), p. xxiv). Modern...

Trollope, Anthony

Trollope, Anthony (1815–82)   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Trollope

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
5,100 words

...Anthony ( 1815–82 ) . Four major biographies up to the 1960s, led by Michael Sadleir 's pioneering Trollope: A Commentary ( 1927 ), laboured under the shadow of An Autobiography ( 1883 ), a work which for all its plain speaking was a masterpiece of the disguise and concealment essential to any writer. Four major biographies of the modern period have read between the lines more subtly, uncovered more documented information, and enabled us to see him more clearly as man i and artist. We know more about his parents, his wife, his family, his social...

Magic

Magic   Reference library

Peter Pels

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
3,430 words

...Fowkes . Harmondsworth, U.K.: Penguin, 1992. Mauss, Marcel , and Henri Hubert . A General Theory of Magic (1902). Translated by Robert Brain . London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1972. Meyer, Birgit , and Peter Pels . Magic and Modernity: Interfaces of Revelation and Concealment . Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 2003. Moore, Rachel . Savage Theory: Cinema as Modern Magic . Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 2000. Murray, Margaret Alice . The Witch-Cult in Western Europe: A Study in Anthropology . Oxford: Clarendon, 1921. Pels, Peter...

Ghazālī, Abū Ḥāmid al-

Ghazālī, Abū Ḥāmid al- (1058–1111)   Reference library

Mustansir Mir

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Science and technology
Length:
3,480 words

...were genuinely religious or whether they were worldly, and he wished to reach certitude in knowledge ( al-ʿilm al-yaqīnī ). He left Baghdad ( 1095 ) in search of answers through reflection and meditation, returning to public life in 1106 after an eleven-year-long period of “concealment.” After teaching for about three years at Nīshāpūr, he retired to his hometown of Ṭūs, where he died two years later. His works offer systematic treatments of several major disciplines of Islamic religious knowledge, but they also confront the pressing issues—political,...

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