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Overview

compositors

Workers employed, usually within printing offices, to set type. Compositors (‘comps’) were responsible also for distribution, and usually for making corrections following proofreading. ...

compositors

compositors   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
203 words

...and/or lucky compositors would find long-term positions within printing offices. Such work was sometimes deemed suitable for women. The London Society of Compositors was a trade union created around 1845 to protect the profession’s interests. With the invention of typesetting and casting machines such as the Pianotype, *Monotype , and *Linotype , compositors felt their jobs were threatened, and took industrial action. Ultimately, many retrained to work at the keyboards of these machines, and such workers may also be called ‘ compositors ’. The term...

compositors

compositors   Reference library

Eric Rasmussen

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...of the First Folio of Shakespeare ( 1963 ) identified five compositors at work on that text (Compositors A, B, C, D, and E) by their individual spelling preferences; subsequent investigators have refined Hinman’s findings and detected the presence of at least four more workmen (Compositors F, H, I, and J). Once particular compositors have been identified and their individual stints have been established, textual scholars are able to characterize each compositor’s working habits. Compositor E, for instance, appears to have been an inexperienced workman...

clicker of a compositors’ companionship

clicker of a compositors’ companionship   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
20 words

...of a compositors’ companionship The foreman of a companionship of *compositors , responsible for distributing the copy, record-keeping, and...

compositors

compositors  

Workers employed, usually within printing offices, to set type. Compositors (‘comps’) were responsible also for distribution, and usually for making corrections following proofreading. They normally ...
compositorial analysis

compositorial analysis   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
403 words

... analysis The painstaking comparison of *spelling , *punctuation , and spacing practices may reveal patterns, enabling scholars to distinguish the individual habits of those setting the type for a book. Such patterns then assist editors in determining the probable source of a particular textual reading. The most reliable studies of compositorial habits rest not merely on idiosyncrasies of spelling or spacing, but on tracking particular (usually damaged) pieces of type across multiple *forme s to identify particular *type cases likely to have...

clicker of a compositors’ companionship

clicker of a compositors’ companionship  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The foreman of a companionship of compositors, responsible for distributing the copy, record-keeping, and billing.
compositor

compositor   Quick reference

New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
267 words

... • bitter , committer, critter, embitter, emitter, fitter, flitter, fritter, glitter, gritter, hitter, jitter, knitter, litter, permitter, pitta, quitter, remitter, sitter, skitter, slitter, spitter, splitter, submitter, titter, transmitter, twitter, witter • drifter , grifter, lifter, shifter, sifter, snifter, uplifter • constrictor , contradictor, depicter, dicta, evictor, inflicter, predictor, victor • filter , kilter, philtre ( US philter), quilter, tilter • Jacinta , midwinter, Minter, Pinta, Pinter, printer, splinter, sprinter, tinter,...

compositor

compositor m,f   Quick reference

Pocket Oxford Spanish Dictionary: Spanish-English (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
4 words
compositor

compositor noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
66 words
compositor

compositor noun   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
25 words
compositor

compositor noun   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
26 words
compositor

compositor noun   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
26 words
compositor

compositor noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
66 words
compositorial analysis

compositorial analysis  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The painstaking comparison of spelling, punctuation, and spacing practices may reveal patterns, enabling scholars to distinguish the individual habits of those setting the type for a book. Such ...
Dates

Dates   Reference library

Garner’s Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
859 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...usual AmE method— May 26, 2009 —the first editor of the OED said: “This is not logical: 19 May 1862 is. Begin at day, ascend to month, ascend to year; not begin at month, descend to day, then ascend to year.” James A.H. Murray , as quoted in Hart's Rules for Compositors and Readers at the OUP 18 n.1 (39th ed. 1983 ). B. Month and Year. February 2010 is better than February of 2010 . Stylebooks have long agreed that no comma should appear between the month and the year. Among the mountains of evidence that might be amassed are these...

12 The Economics of Print

12 The Economics of Print   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
7,040 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...1876 . However, compositors’ wages did not rise so sharply. Bowley’s and Wood’s studies show that compositors’ average wages—which in 1800–1810 had been much higher than their fellow workers in cotton factories, the building trade, and the shipbuilding and engineering industries—were by the 1880s at a similar level. Although there were wide geographical differences in the wages of union labour, non-union labour, and piece-work, a comparison of compositors’ earnings with Wood’s calculation of the mean wage of the period shows that compositors’ wages were...

Titus Andronicus

Titus Andronicus   Reference library

Sonia Massai and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
2,504 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...variants are added to it, as they reflect original staging practices and conventions. The fortunate discovery of the only extant copy of Q1 in Sweden in 1904 allowed 20th-century editors to realize that the ending as it appears in Q2 and the later editions was a compositorial mistake. The compositor of Q2 must have attempted to replace the missing lines from the last two pages in his copy of Q1, which had been accidentally damaged. Sources: Titus Andronicus has no direct sources. The play has often been connected to a narrative which, although surviving...

11 The Technologies of Print

11 The Technologies of Print   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
10,192 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
8

...These smaller compartments of the case varied in size according to the frequency with which each letter, number, or mark of *punctuation was used, the letter ‘e’ being the largest of them. The compositor or type setter who had learned the arrangement or *lay of the case could pick up each letter without looking at it. Early images show compositors sitting at their work; later it became usual to stand. In some countries, there was a single case, holding both capital and *minuscule letters, but in France, and countries such as Britain which...

6 The European Printing Revolution

6 The European Printing Revolution   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
6,082 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...demanded different skills from the corrector. He prepared the text for the *compositor , marking corrections, spaces to leave blank, and parts of the text to omit. The liberty a compositor ultimately took with a text should not be underestimated: to justify the right-hand margin, he might vary the number and width of blank spaces, introduce or expand abbreviations, intervene in the *spelling and *punctuation , and sometimes even alter the text. This sort of compositorial intervention is often investigated by *analytical bibliography . Printers...

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