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compensating differentials

Compensating wage differentials are higher wages (than can seemingly be explained by reference to skill level or human capital) that are paid to workers who perform jobs that have ...

compensating differentials

compensating differentials   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Resource Management (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
96 words

...compensating differentials Compensating wage differentials are higher wages—than can seemingly be explained by reference to skill level or human capital —that are paid to workers who perform jobs that have particular hazards or other unpleasant features associated with them. The higher wages paid to workers in hazardous jobs, where there is a risk of accident and injury, has been a particular focus of economic research but there are many types of compensating differential. Other types of jobs may attract higher pay because of unsocial hours, insecurity, or...

compensating differentials

compensating differentials  

Compensating wage differentials are higher wages (than can seemingly be explained by reference to skill level or human capital) that are paid to workers who perform jobs that have particular hazards ...
compensating wage differential

compensating wage differential   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Economics (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
56 words

...compensating wage differential A differential in wages intended to compensate workers for special non-pecuniary aspects of a job. Examples would be extra pay for work with hazardous substances or involving unsocial hours. The compensating wage differential for taking on a job which involves the possibility of accidental death is used to infer the value of...

compensating wage differential

compensating wage differential  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A differential in wages intended to compensate workers for special non-pecuniary aspects of a job. Examples would be extra pay for work with hazardous substances or involving unsocial hours.
Feminist Scholarship

Feminist Scholarship   Reference library

Yvonne Sherwood

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
6,603 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
12

...the most sparkling, attractive texts, like lost coins (Loades), or finding texts that are more ‘bread’ than ‘stone’-like (Schüssler Fiorenza). The Song of Songs is for many a ‘non-sexist’ text, even an ‘antidote to patriarchy’: Trible sees it as a kind of feminist paradise to compensate for an Eden that has gone sour for womankind. The book of Ruth can offer a similarly idyllic space: reversing the usual pattern, the husbands and fathers sink into the sub-plot (they die in the first few verses) and Boaz sits in the wings as Ruth, Naomi, and a female chorus...

equalizing wage differential

equalizing wage differential  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A wage differential necessary to compensate workers for non-pecuniary disadvantages of a job. Such disadvantages could include danger, dirt, discomfort, an inaccessible workplace, low social regard, ...
differential

differential  

The advantage in the rate of pay or earnings enjoyed by a higher-paid group of employees over a lower-paid group. Differentials are usually expressed as a percentage figure or, where the differential ...
London allowance

London allowance  

A premium payment made by some organizations to their employees who work in London. It is designed to offset the higher cost of living in the area. Some commentators argue that this principle of ...
industrial injury

industrial injury  

Is any disease or bodily damage resulting from work. Injuries can arise from numerous circumstances, but common causes of injuries include manual handling of loads, poor use or technical failure of ...
equalizing wage differential

equalizing wage differential   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Economics (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
32 words

...equalizing wage differential A wage differential necessary to compensate workers for non-pecuniary disadvantages of a job. Such disadvantages could include danger, dirt, discomfort, an inaccessible workplace, low social regard, or unsocial...

London allowance

London allowance   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Resource Management (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
67 words

...employees who work in London. It is designed to offset the higher cost of living in the area. Some commentators argue that this principle of regional variations in pay should be extended across the UK, resulting in differential wage rates for similar jobs thereby reflecting local variations in the cost of living. See also compensating differential...

differential

differential   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Resource Management (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
320 words

...The trend in the UK and the United States has been for differentials to widen both within and between organizations in recent years, as part of the general movement towards greater inequality in the labour market ( see winner-takes-all market ). Within organizations the earnings of the better paid, and particularly senior managers, have tended to pull away from those of the lower paid, and within occupations there has also been a process of greater dispersion of earnings. See compensating differential , pay dispersion...

Barcroft apparatus

Barcroft apparatus   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
141 words

...apparatus or Barcroft respirometer a differential respirometer for studying gas exchange of cells, tissue slices, or tissue homogenates, now rarely used. It is a closed system comprising two flasks of equal volume connected by a U‐shaped manometer (the Barcroft manometer). In operation, both flasks contain the same volumes of liquid and gas; one, the reaction flask, contains the cells or tissue; the other, the compensation flask, is free from cells or tissue and serves to compensate for changes in temperature and barometric pressure during the course...

industrial injury

industrial injury   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Resource Management (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
217 words

...identified the kinds of workplace in which injury is likely to occur, with a notable and persistent finding being the reduced risk of injury in unionized workplaces. Economists have also examined how systems of management adapt to hazards at work and have researched compensating differentials ; that is, the prevalence of higher rates of pay in dangerous occupations. See also accidents at work , noise at work , slips and trips , vibration , work at height...

Sex Work

Sex Work   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Economics in India (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

...of the disease. A major challenge in implementing this strategy comes from the strong preference that Indian men tend to have for sex without a condom. This results in a ‘compensating differential’ for safe sex; sex workers who insist on using condoms stand to lose a lot of money resulting in a major disincentive for practising safe sex. However, estimating this compensating differential with an ordinary least squares regression that regresses sex worker earnings against condom use results in a serious statistical bias, even after controlling for a variety of...

Zebra Finches

Zebra Finches   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Evolution

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

...Both sexes participate in parental care and defense of young, but the male share of care is slightly less, on average, than that of females. The expression of caregiving is variable, however, and the mates of attractively banded individuals compensate for the reduced parental attentiveness of their partners (differential allocation). A functional explanation for the sex-specific begging calls of nestlings has not been reported. It may be the case that parents discriminate against offspring that make ambiguous signals of their sex. Young birds sexually imprint...

Anderson, James

Anderson, James (1739–1808)   Reference library

The Biographical Dictionary of British Economists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
1,349 words

...In contrast with Smith’s pro-market views, Anderson advocated a price stabilization policy which would, he claimed, in the long run lead to increased output in an average year, lower prices and freedom from want in times of crop failures. These benefits would more than compensate for the costs of the programme, the funds taken from general revenues to pay the export bounty in good crop years. In his two 1777 publications he also pointed towards an equilibrium notion of value, attacking Smith’s view of the corn price and the cost of living as being...

flash‐lag effect

flash‐lag effect   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Consciousness

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
2,439 words
Illustration(s):
3

...and Brain Sciences , 31. —— and Khurana, B. (in press). Space and Time in Perception and Action . —— and Kirschfeld, K. (2003). ‘ Analogous mechanisms compensate for neural delays in the sensory and the motor pathways: evidence from motor flash‐lag ’. Current Biology , 13. Purushothaman, G. , Patel, S. S. , Bedell, H. E. , and Ogmen, H. (1998). ‘ Moving ahead through differential visual latency ’. Nature , 396. Ratliff, F. (1965). Mach Bands: Quantitative Studies on Neural Networks in the Retina . Schlag, J. and Schlag‐Rey, M. (2002)....

Infant and Child Mortality

Infant and Child Mortality   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Economics in India (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

...to health services and the greater directly and indirectly acquired health knowledge in the towns is not enough to compensate for the overcrowding and pervasive poverty that kills so many slum children before they can celebrate a first birthday. Other kinds of differentials are just as pernicious and imply that egalitarianism and equity are somewhat hollow slogans in India. The NFHS data are particularly revealing about differentials by caste, a category that is supposed to be unimportant in modern India. This same national average of an IMR of 73 hides...

Halsey Frederick A.

Halsey Frederick A. (1856–1935)   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of the History of American Management

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
1,007 words

...their system of weights and measures as a foundation, the English-speaking peoples have built up the greatest commercial and industrial structure the world has known. This system they are asked to abandon for the benefit of others at a cost that is beyond estimate, and for compensating advantages that to themselves are wholly trivial and imaginary. They are asked to enter the slough of despond in which metric Europe wallows in order to help metric Europe out. ( Halsey 1904: 12) Bibliography Drury, H. B. (1915) Scientific Management , New York: Columbia...

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