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communication

The result of any action (physical, written, or verbal) that conveys meanings between two individuals. In the context of marketing, the marketer wants the communication, in the form of a ...

communication

communication   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
457 words

...tactile ( see also audiovisual communication ; aural–oral channel ; oral communication ; visual communication ; written communication ). It is studied in several disciplines and subdisciplines of the social sciences, including linguistics , sociolinguistics , psycholinguistics , semiotics , social psychology, anthropology, and sociology ( see also symbolic interactionism ). Communication departments arose in the United States in the 1950s ( see also communication science ; communication studies ; communication theory ). Compare ...

intragroup communication

intragroup communication   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
17 words

...communication Communication within a small group. See also group communication ; compare intergroup communication ; interpersonal communication . ...

intergroup communication

intergroup communication   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
16 words

...communication Interaction between two or more different social groups. Compare interpersonal communication ; intragroup communication . ...

online communication

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A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
18 words

...communication Any communication that takes place over the internet . Largely synonymous with computer-mediated communication . ...

organizational communication

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A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
62 words

...communication Patterns and processes of formal and informal interpersonal and group interaction in institutional and business contexts, including communication networks and administrative and managerial styles; also, this field of study within communication studies. See also complementary relationships ; downward communication ; gatekeeping ; lateral communication ; one-way communication ; parallel relationships ; power relations ; process-oriented communication ; symmetrical relationships ; systems theory ; two-way communication ; ...

upward communication

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A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
48 words

...communication ( bottom-up communication ) Message -sending, information flow , and feedback within organizational hierarchies from subordinates to superiors (e.g. employee to management). See also communication network ; complementary relationships ; gatekeeping ; organizational communication ; power relations ; role-oriented communication ; systems theory . Compare downward communication ; lateral communication ; two-way communication . ...

communication theory

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A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
77 words

... theory 1. Critical perspectives concerning the nature of communication (particularly interpersonal communication , and including nonverbal communication ). Major frameworks include: rhetoric , semiotics , phenomenology , cybernetics , social psychology, sociocultural theory, and critical theory . See also philosophy of communication ; recursive communication theory . 2. ( communicology ) More narrowly, theories about human communication arising from social science (including communication science ). 3. A synonym for mathematically...

graphic communication

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A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
47 words

...communication ( graphical communication ) The representation of information or ideas in visual forms . This includes the use of maps, graphs, tables, diagrams, pictures, and photographs , as well as supplementary verbal text. See also communication design ; infographics ; layout ; pictorial communication ; visual communication . ...

communication studies

communication studies   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
170 words

... studies An umbrella term for an academic field of study dealing with all aspects of communication . There are great variations in how the field is subdivided, but among the most widely recognized branches are communication theory , group communication , intercultural communication , interpersonal communication , mass communication , nonverbal communication , organizational communication , political communication , speech communication , technical communication , and visual communication . In some higher education systems, subjects such...

speech communication

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A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
88 words

...communication The study of human spoken interaction . Undergraduate programmes, widespread in the USA, usually include interpersonal communication , group communication , organizational communication , family communication , and rhetoric (or persuasive communication ). Institutional programmes typically emphasize communication skills and effectiveness more broadly, and hence often also include written communication , intercultural communication , and mediated communication . Research programmes include the investigation of issues such as the ...

relational communication

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A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
173 words

... task-oriented communication ( see also role-oriented communication ). Gender stereotypes often frame relational communication primarily as a feminine style ( see also difference model ; dominance model ; expressive communication ; compare informational communication ; instrumental communication ). Constitutive models stress the role of communication in the dynamic construction and maintenance of relationships. 2. Sometimes a synonym for a relational model of communication. 3. In communication research, a field concerned with the study...

mediated communication

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A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
107 words

...communication 1. Often a synonym for mass communication through the mass media , as distinguished from interpersonal communication . 2. Interpersonal communication using a technological medium of communication such as a telephone ( see also computer-mediated communication ). 3. All forms of deliberate communication other than direct face-to-face interaction based on speech or sign -language. 4. Indirect interpersonal communication through a third party: see also J-curve ; two-step flow . 5. Most radically, the mediatedness...

lateral communication

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A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
69 words

...communication ( horizontal communication ) Messages and systems of interaction and feedback between individuals or departments on the same level in an organization. It is characteristic of an organizational structure termed organic, in which control and decision-making is decentralized, and roles are loosely defined and flexible. See also information flow ; organizational communication ; parallel relationships ; symmetrical relationships ; two-way communication ; compare downward communication ; upward communication . ...

asynchronous communication

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A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
59 words

...communication A communication exchange that does not take place at the same time for its participants. Any communication where responses are significantly delayed is considered to be asynchronous. Some forms of communications media render communication more asynchronous than others: for instance, communication through the printed word is asynchronous whereas telephone conversations are synchronous. Compare synchronous communication . ...

dyadic communication

dyadic communication   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
28 words

...communication Dialogue between two people, such as conversations and interviews . See also complementary relationships ; dyad ; exchange theory ; interchange ; interpersonal communication ; parallel relationships ; symmetrical relationships ; two-way communication . ...

instrumental communication

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A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
112 words

...communication as a masculine style. See also difference model ; informational communication ; instrumentalism ; technical communication ; compare expressive communication ; relational communication ; transmission models . ...

family communication

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A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
72 words

...communication Patterns, processes, and structures of interaction in familial relationships—and the study of such communication in its diverse forms , functions , and dysfunctions. Dyadic communication in parent-child dyads both reflects and constructs complementary roles and asymmetrical power relations ( see complementary relationships ). Researchers have identified different interactional styles ( see concept-oriented communication ; socio-oriented communication) . See also interaction-oriented communication ; relational...

communication structure

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A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
23 words

... structure The patterned arrangement of parts within a communication network and their relationships. See also centrality ; link ; network ; network analysis ; node . ...

intentional communication

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A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
51 words

...communication Conscious, deliberate, and often explicit communication as opposed to unintentional communication ‘given off’ through leakage in nonverbal communication . Intentionality is important in speech act theory, and for philosophers such as Grice genuine acts of communication are necessarily intentional. See also communicative purpose ; communicative presumption ; purposes . ...

verbal communication

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A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
56 words

...communication Human interaction through the use of words, or messages in linguistic form. Colloquial usage refers to speech (oral communication), especially face-to-face, but academic usage includes mediated forms, written communication , and sometimes sign language . Logically, as distinguished from nonverbal communication , though in much communication these are complementary...

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