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Comic

A mode intended to excite laughter, is rare in preserved Byz. art. Excluded almost by definition from Christian representation, comic elements do appear in the peristyle mosaics of the ...

comic

comic   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
66 words

... Magazine consisting of stories told by means of strip cartoons with ‘balloons' containing the characters‘ speech. Comics evolved from the comic-strip in the 1930s, and cover many subjects - from war and science fiction to school and family life. A tradition of adult, politicized, subversive and often erotic comics, along with explicit graphic novels, has established itself during the latter part of the 20th...

comic

comic   Reference library

Garner’s Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
228 words

... ; comical ; comedic . These words are confusingly similar. Comic and comical both mean “funny” or “humorous.” Comic is generally used, however, for what is intentionally funny, and comical for what is unintentionally funny. Hence the latter term may mean “laughable” in a derisive sense—e.g.: “Kaelin, a struggling actor who was a shaggy-haired, comical figure at Simpson's criminal trial, appeared with his hair cut and neatly combed, wearing a white shirt, green tie and dark green sport coat.” Linda Deutsch , “Kaelin: Simpson Brooded About...

comic opera

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The Oxford Dictionary of Music (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music
Length:
35 words

... opera An imprecise term, though by it most people today would understand an opera with a comic element. Opéra‐bouffe or opera buffa means comic opera but has a specific meaning, as has opéra‐comique...

comic books

comic books   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
939 words

... books The comic book may be broadly defined as any publication serving as a showcase for comic art (hereafter ‘comics’) narratives. However, the term especially denotes comic books in the American tradition. 1. Definitions 2. The American comic book 1. Definitions The comic book may be defined widely, as any book, booklet, or periodical consisting primarily of comics. More specifically, comic books privilege sequential art in multiple *panel s, especially sustained, multi-page narratives. In formalist terms, a comic book is simply a publication...

comic strip

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A Dictionary of Journalism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
61 words

...comic strip A series of linked cartoons , typically two to four frames next to each other, that tell a story and feature regular characters. From Andy Capp to Doonesbury , comic strips have long been a feature of newspapers, at both the popular and broadsheet ends of the market, and they are also part of many magazine and online brands...

comic weeklies

comic weeklies   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
436 words

...to his own title, the penny weekly Ally Sloper’s Half-Holiday (Gilbert Dalziel, 1884–1923 ). The conventions of the weekly comic tabloid were soon set: cheap, full of comic strips, and inclined to broad humour, with detailed drawings and dense text. Alfred Harmsworth would undercut Half-Holiday with two halfpenny weeklies, Comic Cuts and Illustrated Chips (both 1890–1953 ), establishing the pattern for the 20 th -century comic weekly. From the early 1900s , the comics industry catered overwhelmingly for children. The dominance of Harmsworth’s...

comic opera

comic opera   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
52 words

... opera Musico-dramatic work with some spoken dialogue and a light or amusing plot. The term is used indiscriminately and includes musical comedy and operetta . In operatic works, it approximates most closely to early 18th-century Italian opera buffa (notably the operas of Pergolesi ), but bears little relation to the French opéra comique...

comic relief

comic relief   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... relief The interruption of a serious work, especially a tragedy , by a short humorous episode. The inclusion of such comic scenes, characters, or speeches can have various and complex effects, ranging from relaxation after moments of high tension to sinister ironic brooding. Famous instances are the drunken porter’s speech in Macbeth (Act II, scene iii), and the dialogues between Hamlet and the gravediggers in Hamlet (Act V, scene i). Other playwrights of Shakespeare ’s time made frequent use of this technique, which can also be found in some prose...

Comic Books

Comic Books   Reference library

Catherine E. Bailey

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Cultural and Intellectual History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... Books Comic books have been a popular form of entertainment in America since the beginning of the twentieth century. There is some debate as to when the art form emerged as a unique genre because collections of reprinted newspaper comic strips date all the way back to the mid-1800s. Some consider The Yellow Kid in McFadden's Flats , published in 1897 , the first official American comic book. However, Famous Funnies: A Carnival of Comics , published in 1933 , is more widely regarded as the prototype. The history of comic books in the United States is...

Comic Books

Comic Books   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
3,242 words
Illustration(s):
2

... Books . A comic strip is an illustrated narrative told in a series of frames or panels accompanied by dialogue as appropriate. It can be as short as two frames or fill a complete comic book; a single panel is a cartoon. A comic, or comic book, is a magazine or newspaper, at least half of whose contents consists of comic strips. Strips in comics tend to be comparatively long and complete within an issue, while newspaper strips can range in length from a single line of frames in humorous or “gag” strips to serials published over years (“continuity” strips)....

Comic strip

Comic strip   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... strip or cartoon A series or strip of drawings in a newspaper, telling a story, usually one episode per...

Comic, the

Comic, the   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
127 words

..., the , a mode intended to excite laughter , is rare in preserved Byz. art. Excluded almost by definition from Christian representation, comic elements do appear in the peristyle mosaics of the Great Palace at Constantinople that show, for example, a man thrown from a donkey. If their content is correctly read, it survives on some late glazed ceramics . Otherwise humor as we know it is hard to trace in art after the 6th C. A possible exception is the antics of the children in some 14th-C. representations of the Baptism of Christ ( D. Mouriki in ...

comic books

comic books   Reference library

Oxford Reader’s Companion To Conrad

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
374 words

... books . Conrad’s works have inspired adaptations of many kinds, including also comic books or ‘graphic novel’. The first and most widely distributed comic-book adaptation of Conrad was an edition of Lord Jim issued in January 1957 as no. 136 in the Classics Illustrated series, with drawings by George Evans , at a price of 15 cents. The complicated plot of the novel was treated with respect, and Evans’s drawings advanced the story effectively. According to Dan Malan, the author of The Complete Guide to Classic Illustrated ( 1992 ), this edition was...

comic-strip art

comic-strip art   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
69 words

...-strip art Comic-strips were invented in the late 19th century and first featured in the Sunday supplements of North American newspapers. Essentially narrative cartoons , they have played a major role in popular culture throughout the world. Various artists, such as some of those identified with Pop art , have incorporated comic-strip features in their own work. The most celebrated examples are probably the large-scale paintings of Roy Lichtenstein...

Beano Comic, The

Beano Comic, The   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
156 words

...Comic, The . First published in 1938 , The Beano Comic is Britain's second-longest-running comic for juveniles and, as recent surveys indicate, by far the most popular. Initially it included serialized stories as well as strip cartoons, but now it is almost wholly devoted to the latter, all in color. The Beano owes its success to the presence of a number of well-established cartoons, of which the immensely popular Dennis the Menace is the best known. It was followed three years later, in 1954 , by The Bash Street Kids , created by Leo Baxendale ,...

Comic Australian Verse

Comic Australian Verse   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
107 words

... Australian Verse ( 1972 , retitled The Flight of the Emu: Contemporary Light Verse , 1990 ), edited by Geoffrey Lehmann , begins with an anonymous epitaph on a headstone at St Matthew's cemetery, Windsor, NSW, and concludes with three poems by Bruce Dawe . Lehmann notes the importance of humorous verse as a literary form in the nineteenth century and its relative demise in modern times. The Bulletin is the chief source of his nineteenth-century selections; A. B. Paterson , W. T. Goodge and Joseph Tishler (‘Bellerive’) are his chief...

Comic Theater, Roman

Comic Theater, Roman   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
1,297 words

... Theater, Roman Plautus’ popularity in the second century bce often obscures the fact that Roman theater included both other important Italian playwrights who composed Latin adaptations of Greek comedies ( fabulae palliatae , plays in Greek clothing) and also native Italian forms of entertainment, unscripted dramatic spectacles that acquired literary form by the first century bce . What remains from these plays are only titles and fragments cited by grammarians, encyclopedists, and lexicographers. The origin of the Hellenizing fashion in Roman playwriting...

Comic-strip art

Comic-strip art   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,362 words

...comic-strip art. Asian Americans are rarely acknowledged as comic-strip artists, but their contemporary efforts are available on the internet and in Asian American publications. Examples, including Secret Asian Man by Tak Toyoshima ( b 1971 ) and Asian Americana by Ian Liu , address issues of serious concern to various Asian American communities; in the process, these comic artworks add a valuable dimension to the recent body of comic art. A major representative of this tradition is Korean–American Lela Lee ( b 1974 ). When she created her comic...

Comic Strip Musicals

Comic Strip Musicals   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the American Musical

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Performing arts, Music
Length:
508 words

... Strip Musicals . Before the advent of cartoons on film and television, newspaper comic strips and pulp comics were even more popular than they are today so it is not surprising to find that musicals based on comics go way back. Broadway saw a lot of musicals around the turn of the twentieth century that were inspired by comic strips. The cartoons and their musical versions are long gone but some of the names still are familiar: Hogan's Alley ( 1896 ), The Katzenjammer Kids ( 1900 ), Foxy Grandpa ( 1902 ), Happy Hooligan ( 1902 ), Mickey Finn (...

Eagle Weekly Boys' Comic

Eagle Weekly Boys' Comic   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
286 words

... Weekly Boys' Comic . Eagle , a British weekly comic for boys, originated in the late 1940s, when the Reverend Marcus Morris started a forum for Christian discussion whose prime concern was with morality and the young. The focus of his anxiety was American horror comics, which Morris described as “nastily over-violent and obscene.” He believed that, instead, a comic “could be used to convey to the child the right kind of standards, values and attitudes, combined with the necessary amount of excitement and adventure.” He put forward a clear moral program...

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