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Overview

collage

(Fr., coller: ‘to gum’). A term applied to a type of picture (and also to the technique used in creating such pictures) in which photographs, news cuttings, and other suitable ...

collage

collage   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Wine (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... , French term for fining...

collage

collage   Reference library

Garner's Modern English Usage (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
10 words

... is pronounced /kә- lahzh / or /koh- lahzh / . ...

collage

collage   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Marketing (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
18 words

... A selection of objects mounted on a surface to create a pictorial illusion, often in abstract...

collage

collage   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
49 words

... Composition made up of various materials (such as cardboard, string and fabric), pasted on to a canvas or other background. Cubist artists, such as Picasso , Braque , and Gris developed it into a serious art form. Collage was also used by members of the Dada movement, such as Schwitters...

collage

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The Oxford Dictionary of Architecture (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
32 words

... Work constructed of assemblages of disparate fragments, e.g. a picture made from scraps of paper, newspaper cuttings, and oddments pasted onto a backing. In architecture it is associated with Adhocism...

Collage

Collage   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,193 words
Illustration(s):
1

...the installation in collage style. Collage also entered the American art scene via Pop art. Some of the earliest exhibitions in New York were at the Judson Gallery in the mid-1960s. Marc Ratliff and Tom Wesselmann exhibited small-format collages there. The collage aesthetic of fragmentation influenced many painters and printmakers, such as Jim Dine , Alex Katz , Robert Rauschenberg , Larry Rivers , and James Rosenquist , whose shifts in scale are like those in collage art. Some of Rivers's installations were monumental, with collage only a part of his...

collage

collage   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
184 words

... (French: sticking or pasting) . The term has come to be used of any work made up of pieces of paper or other materials which have been painted, drawn, or printed and which are then stuck onto a support. Often assumed to have been used first in the 20th century, collage was employed in the 18th century to great effect by the flower artist Mrs Mary Delany ( 1700–88 ). The method she invented was known as ‘paper mosaic’ or ‘plant collage’ and she cut out the leaves and petals from sheets of coloured paper which she then pasted on a black paper background....

collage

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The Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... [ kol -ah zh ] A work assembled wholly or partly from fragments of other writings, incorporating allusions , quotations, and foreign phrases. Originally applied to paintings with pasted-on elements, the term has been extended to an important kind of modernist poetry, of which the most significant examples are the Cantos of Ezra Pound and T. S. Eliot ’s The Waste Land . The collage technique can also be found sometimes in prose works. See also bricolage , macaronic verse , pastiche...

collage

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The Oxford Dictionary of Music (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music
Length:
79 words

... [ Fr .] A putting‐together of independent styles in juxtaposition either simultaneously or successively. The separate styles usually consist of contrasting rhythm, melody, or harmony. For a true collage the juxtaposition must be of coherent sections that are the product of separate music elements, e.g. the many examples in the music of Ives , where dissonances are not resolved but treated as a normal situation. The term is borrowed from the visual arts, and literally means ‘glueing...

collage

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A Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
415 words

... Cubists were the first to make collage a systematic and important part of their work. Picasso began using the technique in 1912 , one of the earliest examples being Still Life with Chair Caning ( 1912 , Musée Picasso , Paris) in which the caning is represented by a piece of oilcloth printed with a lattice pattern. Braque soon followed with his own distinctive type of collage, the papier collé , in which he applied strips or fragments of paper to a painting or drawing. Picasso also extended the principle of collage to three dimensions, making...

Collage

Collage   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Materials and Techniques in Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,144 words
Illustration(s):
1

...formal effect. Picasso also developed the idea of collage into three-dimensional work with the first assemblages, such as the cardboard Guitar ( 1912 ; New York, Museum of Modern Art). Collage by Juan Gris: Breakfast , gouache, oil and crayon on cut-and-pasted printed paper on canvas with oil and crayon, 809×597 mm, 1914 (New York, Museum of Modern Art, acquired through the Lillie P. Bliss Bequest (248.1948); photo © Museum of Modern Art/Licensed by SCALA/Art Resource, NY; see Collage In 1914 collages were produced with more complex materials by...

collage

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The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
167 words

...illustrations, etc. The Cubists were the first to make collage a systematic and important part of their work, and subsequently it has been used in many major art movements, for example Dada , Surrealism , and Pop art . For some artists—notably Kurt Schwitters —it has been the central concern of their work, and others have created personal versions of it. Examples are Max Ernst , with his ‘collage novels’ and Matisse with his late gouaches decoupées (paper cut-outs). See also photomontage...

collage

collage   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
269 words

... Cubists were the first to make collage a systematic and important part of their work. Picasso began using the technique in 1912 , one of the earliest examples being Still-Life with Chair Caning (Mus. Picasso, Paris, 1912 ), in which the caning is represented by a piece of oilcloth printed with a lattice pattern. Braque soon followed with his own distinctive type of collage, the papier collé , in which he applied strips or fragments of paper to a painting or drawing. Picasso also extended the principle of collage to three dimensions, making...

Collage

Collage   Reference library

J. Peter Burkholder

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
842 words

...splicing and dubbing, is in its procedures an almost exact parallel to collage in the visual arts; when the sound sources include recorded music, as in Cage's Imaginary Landscape No. 5 ( 1952 ), the effect can be characterized as musical collage. While Ives and Rochberg used it with programmatic implications, collage can also be used to deconstruct traditional assumptions about music. Cage's HPSCHD ( 1967–9 ), composed in collaboration with Lejaren Hiller , included a collage of fragments drawn from Mozart, Beethoven, Chopin, Schumann, Gottschalk,...

Collage

Collage   Reference library

Francis A. Frascina, Marjorie Perloff, and Christine Poggi

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
10,460 words
Illustration(s):
1

... . To explain the meaning and historical significance of the artistic technique of collage, which is sometimes also understood as a metaphor for the distinct artistic practices of modernism, this entry comprises three essays: Overview Collage and Poetry “The Pasted-Paper Revolution” Revisited The first essay clarifies the theory and practice of collage, the second explores the place of collage in poetry, and the third discusses collage as it has been used and understood in the visual arts, where it has been quite prominent. For related discussion, see ...

Collage

Collage   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
9,453 words
Illustration(s):
1

... To explain the meaning and historical significance of the artistic technique of collage, which is sometimes also understood as a metaphor for the distinct artistic practices of modernism, this entry comprises three essays: Conceptual and Historical Overview Collage and Poetry “The Pasted-Paper Revolution” Revisited The first essay clarifies the theory and practice of collage, the second explores the place of collage in poetry, and the third discusses collage as it has been used and understood in the visual arts, where it has been most prominent. For...

collage

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
106 words

... [from the French coller , ‘to gum’] A pictorial technique in which pieces of cut paper of all shapes and types are combined and stuck down on to another surface to create a design. Already popular with children and amateurs , it was taken up by major artists in the early 20th century beginning with the Cubists , who incorporated fragments of newspapers and photographs with which to make ambiguous reference to the conventional pictorial reality they were in the process of destroying. Later it was adopted by the Futurists , Dadaists , and Surrealists...

Collage

Collage   Reference library

C. Bowen

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...however, collage ought not to be applied or assumed too easily. While the poetic practices of excerption, juxtaposition, and quotation bear a suggestive formal relationship to the cutting and pasting of a visual collage, the material of a collage poem remains semantic and textual. Bibliography Fragments—Incompletion and Discontinuity , ed. L. D. Kritzman and J. P. Plottel (1981) ; M. Perloff , “The Invention of Collage,” The Futurist Moment (1986) ; E. Adamowicz , Surrealist Collage in Text and Image (1998) ; B. Taylor , Collage (2004) ; P....

collage

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New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
39 words

... • décolletage , découpage, Lesage, maquillage, paysage, plage, potage, vernissage • triage • persiflage • fuselage • collage • ménage • badinage • counter-espionage • mirage • entourage • corsage • repêchage • frottage • montage , photomontage • ...

collage

collage noun   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of Foreign Terms in English

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
43 words

... noun E20 French (= gluing). An abstract form of art in which photographs, pieces of paper, string, matchsticks, etc., are placed in juxtaposition and glued to a surface; a work in this form; figurative a jumbled collection of impressions, events, styles,...

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