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codex

An ancient manuscript text in book form. The word comes (in the late 16th century, denoting a collection of statutes or set of rules) from Latin, literally ‘block of wood’, later denoting ...

Codex _____

Codex _____   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Mesoamerican Cultures

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
8 words

... _____ . See under latter part of name...

codex

codex   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... ( plural codices ) A book consisting of ancient manuscripts. The study of codices is called codicology...

codex

codex   Reference library

A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, History
Length:
246 words

... Deriving from the Latin caudex (‘tree bark’) and most commonly applied to ancient and medieval written books, whether on papyrus, vellum, or paper, the term ‘codex’ (plural: codices) denotes a manuscript volume, comprising quires sewn together at the fold and usually also bound, in contrast to the tablet or scroll of earlier usage. The earliest codex forms were probably wax-covered or ivory tablets hinged together like the leaves of a book. Although any subsequent manuscript book is technically a codex, the word is most frequently found today in...

Codex

Codex n.   Quick reference

Guide to Latin in International Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
51 words

... kō´dāks . kō´deks . n. “Book.” A written code or collection of laws, rules, or regulations. The term is sometimes used to refer to the Justinian Code ( Codex Iustinianus ) (529 CE), which forms part of the collected Corpus Iuris Civilis (“Body of Civil Law”) comprising the Code , the Digest , and the Institutes...

cōdex

cōdex   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
45 words

... 1. See books, Greek and Roman 5 and Justinian . 2. (In the sense of ‘legal code’) By the fourth century ad in the Roman empire ‘codex’ had come to mean, in legal circles, a collection of imperial laws, a code of law. See Justinian...

codex

codex   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
123 words

... ( pl. codices ; [Lat. ‘block of wood’, later, a block split into leaves or tablets for writing on] ). A book made from hinged *leaves , in contrast to a roll (or *scroll ). Developed between the 2 nd and 4 th centuries ad , the codex was often associated with Christian literature. It initially took the form of writing *tablet s, with multiple wax-coated boards *fastened together along one side by thongs or clasps. Wax tablets were eventually replaced in the Roman republic by *parchment leaves folded into *notebook s. Although codices were...

codex

codex   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
143 words

... A Latin term meaning a bound manuscript book. The book format it replaced was the roll, made either from sheets of papyrus pasted together or from pieces of leather or parchment stitched together. In antiquity the earliest codices consisted of bound wooden writing tablets. These were bulky, however, and limited the contents of the codex. By the 1st century tablets were being replaced with the much thinner parchment as a writing surface. In the following centuries the parchment codex played a major role in the spread of the text-based Christian religion....

Codex

Codex   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
334 words

...The capacity of and the ease of access within the codex now made practical the creation—and quick consultation—of vast works of reference, such as the codification of Roman law at Constantinople in the 5th and 6th C. For artists the invention of the codex made possible the painting of full-page miniatures. B. Atsalos , La terminologie du livre-manuscrit à l'époque byzantine (Thessalonike 1971) 88–128. C.H. Roberts , T.C. Skeat , The Birth of the Codex (London 1983). M. McCormick , The Birth of the Codex and the Apostolic Life-Style , Scriptorium 39...

Codex

Codex   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
935 words

...Blanchard, Alain , ed. Les débuts du codex . Bibliologia, vol. 9. Turnhout, 1989. Original views on the beginnings of the codex. Robinson, James M. , et al. The Facsimile Edition of the Nag Hammadi Codices: Introduction . Leiden, 1984. Important for the physical properties and the making of the early papyrus codex. Turner, Eric G. The Typology of the Early Codex . Philadelphia, 1977. Standard work on the subject, based on extensive descriptions of material. Wouters, Alfons . “ From Papyrus Roll to Papyrus Codex: Some Technical Aspects of Ancient Book...

codex

codex   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Bible (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion
Length:
149 words

... (pl. codices ) Latin for a ‘tablet’ and used to denote an ancient manuscript. Ancient writings were on scrolls, but their disadvantage was having to use both hands to unroll them to find and read the particular passage required. An alternative format was developed in the form of a book with pages which could be turned, and this was gradually adopted by Christians as the most convenient arrangement for public reading. These codices also differentiated the Church from the * Synagogues . To make such a book, or codex, sheets of papyrus or parchment were...

codex

codex   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
42 words

... A manuscript with papyrus or parchment pages bound in book form in the ancient and medieval worlds. This crucial Roman invention replaced texts written on scrolls, which were far more difficult to search, and was the ancestor of the printed book....

codex

codex   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
42 words

... A manuscript with papyrus or parchment pages bound in book form in the ancient and medieval worlds. This crucial Roman invention replaced texts written on scrolls, which were far more difficult to search, and was the ancestor of the printed...

codex

codex   Reference library

Tony Honoré

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
552 words

...he may have been a western lawyer who served Diocletian as master of petitions ( magister libellorum ). His Codex was composed largely of replies on behalf of emperors to petitions in writing on points of law (rescripts). Extracts from it have survived, mainly in Justinian's Codex . Then, about 295 , Hermogenianus , who served Diocletian and Maximian as magister libellorum from 293 to 295 , published a second collection ( Codex Hermogenianus ). This work, divided into titles only, again consisted largely of rescripts to private individuals...

cōdex

cōdex   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
47 words

... originally denotes leaves of wood, papyrus, or (esp.) parchment bound together in the form of a modern book as opposed to a roll. ( See books, greek and roman .) Christian Scriptures took this convenient form, which made it easier to find the passage one...

codex

codex   Reference library

Garner’s Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

... . Although the more easily understandable plural of this noun—meaning “a bound sheaf of manuscript leaves, esp. of an ancient or classic work or of the Scriptures”—might be codexes , the form codices is standard: it greatly predominates in print sources. See plurals (b) . Current ratio ( codices vs. codexes ):...

Jung Codex

Jung Codex   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
37 words

...Jung Codex . The title given to Codex I of the Nag Hammadi papyri which was acquired in 1952 by the Jung Institute for Analytical Psychology at Zurich. It is now with the other codices in...

Codex Bezae

Codex Bezae   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
403 words

...the Codex Bezae are noted by C. Tischendorf in his edns. of the NT (Leipzig, 1841 , etc.). J. R. Harris , A Study of the Codex Bezae (Texts and Studies, 2, no. 1; Cambridge, 1891). F. H. Chase , The Old Syriac Elements in the Text of the Codex Bezae (1893). K. Lake , ‘ On the Italian Origin of Codex Bezae. 1. Codex Bezae and Codex 1071 ’, JTS 1 (1900), 441–5. J. R. Harris , The Annotators of the Codex Bezae (1901). E. J. Epp , The Theological Tendency of Codex Bezae Cantabrigiensis in Acts (Cambridge, 1966). D. C. Parker , Codex...

Codex Alimentarius

Codex Alimentarius n.   Quick reference

Guide to Latin in International Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
52 words

... Alimentarius kō´dāks alēmānta´rē-ūs . kō´deks âlimenta´rē-us . n. “Alimentary Code.” The collection of internationally promoted voluntary standards for foods, food production, and food safety maintained by the Codex Alimentarius Commission, an international organization established by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization and the World Health Organization to protect consumer health and informed...

Codex Ephraemi

Codex Ephraemi   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
31 words

... Ephraemi ( ‘C’ ) . 5th-cent. Greek MS of the Bible now at Paris. It was converted into a palimpsest by a covering of writings by St Ephraem Syrus...

Jung Codex

Jung Codex   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
30 words

...Codex . One of the MSS discovered at Nag Hammadi . It was acquired in 1952 by the Jung Institute for Analytical Psychology at Zurich. It is now in...

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