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Overview

coalition

A group of individuals or firms who have separate objectives, but combine to adopt strategies or advocate policies. A coalition government is one relying on the support of two or more ...

coalition

coalition n.   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

... ˌkōǝ'li˜ǝn n. an alliance for combined action, esapecially a temporary alliance of political parties forming a government or of states: a coalition of conservatives and disaffected Democrats. coalitionist -nist ...

coalition

coalition   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Economics (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
86 words

...coalition A group of individuals or firms who have separate objectives, but combine to adopt strategies or advocate policies. A coalition government is one relying on the support of two or more political parties. A coalition may be unstable and eventually dissolve or collapse with the emergence of new situations or policy issues that have different impacts on its members, whenever the members of the coalition are interested in exploring the possibility that an alternative alliance might enable them to achieve more of their own...

coalition

coalition   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Organizational Behaviour

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
107 words

... A group of two or more social actors who agree to work together for their mutual self-interest to achieve a common goal. Coalitions are often temporary arrangements and do not necessarily require that the parties involved have strong bonds beyond their shared interest in achieving a goal. By working together they increase their influence and power and the likelihood of achieving the desired outcome. Building a coalition is a common strategy in organizational politics. Coalitions can exert peer pressure by having multiple parties in agreement, which...

coalition

coalition   Quick reference

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
349 words

...win more than half of the seats. One consequence is that in a plurality system, large parties are themselves coalitions of widely differing points of view, so that the problems of coalition games are removed from the floor of the legislature only to surface in the party office. Coalition theory is the study of which of the available coalitions tends to form. One prediction, derived from the theory of zero-sum games , is that, of the possible coalitions, the one which forms a majority with the smallest number of seats ‘to spare’ is the likeliest to form. The...

coalition warfare

coalition warfare   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

... warfare warfare conducted by an alliance of...

coalition government

coalition government  

Dictionary of the Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference

... government A government formed by the cooperation of two or more parliamentary parties. Coalition governments are rare in two-party and plurality electoral systems, but common in systems that use proportional representation ( see party system ; and electoral system ). Under special circumstances, such as when no party wins a convincing plurality of votes or if a gesture of united national purpose is felt to be needed, major parties sometimes form a “grand coalition.” Coalition theory, first developed by William Riker in The Theory of Political...

productivity coalition

productivity coalition   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Resource Management (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
53 words

...productivity coalition A form of enterprise industrial relations founded on management-union cooperation to raise productivity and ensure security of employment. A stimulus to the emergence of a productivity coalition might be the intensification of competition through globalization. In this case, an external threat encourages cooperation between the two sides to ensure mutual...

Coalition government

Coalition government   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... government A government formed of normally opposed parties, usually in times of crisis, when party differences are set aside. Examples are those of Fox and North ( 1783 ), of whigs and peelites under Aberdeen ( 1852–5 ), of conservatives and liberal unionists under Salisbury ( 1895–1902 ), of liberals , unionists and labour under Asquith ( 1915–16 ) (reformed under Lloyd George , 1916–22 ), Macdonald’s national government ( 1931–5 ) and Winston Churchill ’s Coalition government ( 1940–5 ). Rainbow coalition See under rainbow...

Christian Coalition

Christian Coalition   Reference library

William Vance Trollinger Jr.

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
297 words

...building upon the Reverend Jerry Falwell ’s defunct Moral Majority, Reed created a politically savvy organization with strong grassroots support. By 1997 the coalition claimed 1.9 million members. But Reed enjoyed less success in constructing a broad-based conservative coalition: white Protestant charismatics, fundamentalists, and evangelicals dominated his organization. The Christian Coalition waged many campaigns at the local level in school board, city council, and mayoral elections. But it also wielded substantial clout nationally by helping boost the...

Allied Coalition

Allied Coalition   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...Coalition the military coalition of thirty-six countries against Iraq in the Persian Gulf War ( 1991 ). It consisted of Afghanistan, Argentina, Australia, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belgium, Canada, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Egypt, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Honduras, Italy, Kuwait, Morocco, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Niger, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, South Korea, Spain, Syria, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom, and the United...

Christian Coalition.

Christian Coalition.   Reference library

William Vance Trollinger

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
287 words

...building upon the Reverend Jerry Falwell's defunct Moral Majority , Reed created a politically savvy organization with strong grassroots support. By 1997 the coalition claimed 1.9 million members. But Reed enjoyed less success in constructing a broad-based conservative coalition: white Protestant charismatics, fundamentalists, and evangelicals dominated his organization. The Christian Coalition waged many campaigns at the local level, in school board, city council, and mayoral elections. But it also wielded substantial clout national by helping boost the...

Great Coalition

Great Coalition   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Canadian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
206 words

...Coalition . Formed in June 1864 in the Province of Canada under the leadership of elder statesman Étienne Taché , the Great Coalition united George-étienne Cartier and his conservative Bleus and their Upper Canadian allies led by John A. Macdonald with a section of the Reform (Liberal) Party represented by George Brown , William McDougall , and Oliver Mowat (soon replaced by W. P. Howland ). Other ministers included Hector Langevin , A. T. Galt , and D'Arcy McGee . Although remembered for initiating Confederation, the Great Coalition was...

growth coalition

growth coalition   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
67 words

...coalition An association made between business leaders, elected officials, government officers, and other elites in order to promote the pro-business growth of a city, usually by luring outside investment in direct competition with other cities. In Urban Fortunes ( 1987 ) John Logan and Harvey Molotch also used the term ‘growth machine’ to describe this form of urban entrepreneurialism . See also entrepreneurial city ; regime theory...

Culebra Coalition

Culebra Coalition   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in the United States

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
788 words

...Coalition . The Culebra Coalition is a multiracial, grassroots organization working to protect the land and natural resources of the Rio Culebra watershed, located in the San Luis Valley of the Sangre de Cristo Mountain Range in Costilla County, Colorado, as well as the livelihoods, culture, and economic and environmental rights of San Luis area residents. The Culebra Coalition was initially organized in the early 1990s in response to the historic Taylor Ranch controversy, one of the most significant environmental justice struggles in the Southwest. The...

Cruise Line Coalition

Cruise Line Coalition   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Travel and Tourism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
33 words

...Line Coalition In the US a joint communications initiative of US cruising organizations; hosted on the website of the International Council of Cruise Lines. http://www.iccl.org Host website for the Cruise Line Coalition...

Coalition Provisional Authority

Coalition Provisional Authority   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Politics in the Middle East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
109 words

...Coalition Provisional Authority Transitional administration in Iraq between April 2003 and June 2004 . The Coalition Provisional Authority superseded the Office for Reconstruction and Humanitarian Assistance created by the United States government prior to the Iraq War in 2003 . Funded by the US Department of Defense, the Coalition Provisional Authority was led by L. Paul Bremer, an American diplomat appointed by President George W. Bush. The Coalition Provisional Authority issued controversial orders on de-Ba'athification and disbanding the Iraqi...

National Wetlands Coalition

National Wetlands Coalition   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...Wetlands Coalition A US non‐profit anti‐environmental front group that advocates a balanced federal policy for conserving and regulating the nation's wetlands . Members of the coalition own or manage wetlands; they include local governments, ports, water agencies, developers, agriculture groups, electric utilities, oil and gas developers, producers, the mining industry, banks, environmental and engineering consulting firms, and Native American...

Global Climate Coalition

Global Climate Coalition   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...Climate Coalition A US non‐profit anti‐environmental front group comprising mainly US businesses that for reasons of self‐interest oppose immediate action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. It disbanded in 2002 after losing most of its...

American Recreation Coalition

American Recreation Coalition   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Travel and Tourism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
38 words

...Recreation Coalition ( ARC ) A Washington-based non-profit organization formed in 1979 seeking to enhance and protect outdoor recreational opportunities and the resources upon which such experiences are based. http://www.wildwilderness.org Website of Wild Wilderness. http://www.funoutdoors.com/arc Website of Fun...

Coalition Provisional Authority

Coalition Provisional Authority   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
181 words

... Provisional Authority Following the invasion of Iraq and overthrow of Saddam Hussein's Baathist régime in April 2003 , and with the guarded endorsement of the Security Council in Res. 1483 ( 2003 ) of 22 May 2003 , the occupying powers established the Coalition Provisional Authority to ‘exercise powers of government temporarily to provide for the effective administration during the period of transitional administration’, being ‘vested with all executive, legislative and judicial authority necessary to achieve its objectives, to be exercised under...

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