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civil court

Subject: Law

A court exercising jurisdiction over civil rather than criminal cases. In England the principal civil courts of first instance are the county courts and the High Court. Magistrates' courts ...

civil court

civil court   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Law
Length:
46 words

... court A court exercising jurisdiction over civil rather than criminal cases. In England the principal civil courts of first instance are the county courts and the High Court . Magistrates’ courts have limited civil jurisdiction, mainly confined to family and matrimonial...

civil court

civil court   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law Enforcement (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Law
Length:
46 words

... court A court exercising jurisdiction over civil rather than criminal cases. In England the principal civil courts of first instance are the county courts and the High Court . Magistrates’ courts have limited civil jurisdiction, mainly confined to family and matrimonial...

Civil honours awarded to High Court Justices

Civil honours awarded to High Court Justices   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the High Court of Australia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Law
Length:
721 words

... honours awarded to High Court Justices Aickin, Sir Keith Arthur KBE ( 1976 ), QC ( 1957 ) Barton, Sir Edmund GCMG ( 1902 ), QC ( 1889 ) Barwick, Sir Garfield Edward John PC ( 1964 ), AK ( 1981 ), GCMG ( 1965 ), Kt ( 1953 ), KC ( 1941 ) Brennan, Sir Francis Gerard AC ( 1988 ), KBE ( 1981 ), QC ( 1965 ) Callinan, Ian David QC ( 1978 ) Dawson, Sir Daryl Michael AC ( 1988 ), KBE ( 1982 ), CB ( 1980 ), QC ( 1971 ) Deane, Sir William Patrick AC ( 1988 ), KBE ( 1982 ), QC ( 1966 ) Dixon, Sir Owen OM ( 1963 ), PC ( 1951 ), GCMG ( 1954 ), KCMG ( 1941 ), KC ( 1922 )...

civil court

civil court noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
21 words
civil court

civil court  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
A court exercising jurisdiction over civil rather than criminal cases. In England the principal civil courts of first instance are the county courts and the High Court. Magistrates' courts have ...
CIVIL COURTS

CIVIL COURTS   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
478 words

...that Jews bring their disputes only before their own courts and harshly condemned those having recourse to civil courts even by mutual agreement. The only generally recognized exception permitted by the Shulḥan ʿArukh ( Ḥoshen Mishpat 26.1) was if the defendant failed to appear before the Jewish court ( beit din ) after three successive summonses, in which case the beit din issued permission to the plaintiff to apply to the civil authorities. The scope of the prohibition against litigating in civil courts has been subject to a considerable amount of...

Civil honours awarded to High Court Justices

Civil honours awarded to High Court Justices  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
NoteFor convenience of reference, the list above includes the dates upon which Justices took silk (accepted their commissions as QC or KC), although this is a professional rank rather ...
Central Government, Courts, and Taxation

Central Government, Courts, and Taxation   Quick reference

R. W. Hoyle

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
7,753 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...perjury—but also such varied civil matters as breach of contract, debt, defamation, and so on. A proportion of the cases of riot which came before it were actually about title, although, in theory, real property cases were barred to the court, a rule which was restated in 1552 and then adhered to. The majority of cases were between parties; relatively few were inspired by the state, but a handful of cases from the 1630s have coloured the whole history of the court. It was abolished in 1642 as an abuse of power; the Court of Requests and the Councils in...

Law

Law   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,210 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...ideal as open ‘law shops’ for the adjudication of a wide range of private, interpersonal disputes. Although they remained accessible in theory via the nisi prius arrangement of hearing civil suits at the provincial assizes, all the common law tribunals and the court of Chancery suffered a massive loss of civil business which reduced them to a nadir around mid-century. While there were various possible reasons for the decline, it is clear that rising legal and clerical fees and the connected problem of labyrinthine process were major deterrents against going...

Local Government

Local Government   Quick reference

R. W. Hoyle

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,202 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...was in effect the lord's manorial court. A corporate town invariably had a court presided over by its own officials and possibly courts held for individual wards. The essential business of both manorial and borough courts was the prosecution of felonies and trespass, the settlement of civil disputes, the regulation of the lands of the manor (especially where they were copyhold ), and control over commons and grazing. But, like the hundred courts , some of their functions were clearly administrative: the regulation of markets (including weights and...

Chronology of a Struggle for Equal Rights

Chronology of a Struggle for Equal Rights   Reference library

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
2,423 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of the first wife and children is ensured. The last two procedures must be a standard. The court need not wait for an application by the wife before giving the order but instead dispense with it as a matter of justice. From a series of press releases, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 1990–2003. Notes 1. Note: In the 1990 case of Aishah Abdul Rauf vs Wan Mohd Yusuf Wan Othman, the Syariah Appeal Court of Selangor unanimously overturned the lower court's decision to permit Wan Yusuf to take a second wife—stating that all conditions for polygamy...

Tracing a Family Tree: Getting Started

Tracing a Family Tree: Getting Started   Quick reference

David Hey

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
3,642 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...; Genealogists, Society of . http://genuki.org.uk ENUKI: family history records and societies. http://www.cyndislist.com Cyndi's list of genealogy sites. http://www.ancestry.co.uk Ancestry civil registration records (subscription). http://www.freebmd.org.uk Find My Past civil registration records (subscription). http://www.freebmd.org.uk FreeBMD civil registration records. David...

African‐Caribbean Genealogy

African‐Caribbean Genealogy   Quick reference

Guy Grannum

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
4,002 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Most West Indian wills and grants of administrations were proved in local courts and may survive locally. Owners who died with estates in England or Wales had their wills proved until 1857 by the Prerogative Court of Canterbury ( PCC ), the records of which are held by TNA. In 1858 the PCC's role in probate administration was abolished and the responsibility went to the Principal Probate Registry. People with estates in Scotland had their wills proved in Scottish courts; these are available online. Newspapers can contain a wide variety of social and...

Shari‘a: The Codification of Islamic Law

Sharia: The Codification of Islamic Law   Reference library

Muhammad Sa‘id Al-‘Ashmawi

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
6,146 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...assembly of the Supreme Court of Cassation its report stated: “If our Constitution stipulated that the shari‘a is the principal source of legislation, that does not imply that we should reject our Civil Code of 1948 whose elaboration lasted over twenty years and whose solutions, resulting from deep study, are derived in large part from norms of the shari‘a . This is pointed out in the explanatory memorandum which, moreover, makes explicit the foundation in Islamic jurisprudence of a number of these dispositions.” Thus that assembly, as true representative...

South Asian Genealogy

South Asian Genealogy   Quick reference

Abi Husainy

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
3,254 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...part of the civil record, they can have certificates prepared later that are witnessed by magistrates, a procedure in accordance with the Christian Marriage Act 1892 . With the exception of Azad Kashmir, all zones of Pakistan make divorce subject to forms of arbitration. In Azad Kashmir the ‘bare talaq ’, a form of divorce in which a husband can sever a relationship with a triple declaration of the phrase ‘I divorce thee’, still has practitioners. The oral quality of the bare talaq decree may make a paper trail difficult to find. Civil courts can grant...

The Problem of ‘Ulama’

The Problem of ‘Ulama’   Reference library

Alhaji Adeleke Dirisu Ajijola

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
3,651 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Islamic civil law. Islamic civil law sets forth and places at man's disposal a most effective and potent means of achieving the purpose of life. It is the best of all God's numberless bounties bestowed upon man; it is indispensable for the beneficent growth of man in the epoch now unfolding before him. . . . But, the real question is not whether Islamic civil law should be applied or not, which all Muslims accept, but whether Nigeria should continue to apply classical juristic work without any modification or whether Islamic civil law in...

Henry IV Part 1

Henry IV Part 1   Reference library

Michael Dobson and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,574 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...records of performances, especially at court, are complicated by the different titles under which both 1 Henry IV and its immediate sequel seem to have gone: it was certainly acted before the Flemish ambassador in 1600 , and the plays referred to as The Hotspur and Sir John Falstaff at the wedding of Princess Elizabeth in 1612–13 were probably the two Henry IV plays. The two were combined in the Dering manuscript for a private, amateur performance in around 1623 , and Part 1 was performed at court in 1625 (as The First Part of Sir John...

Family and Society

Family and Society   Quick reference

Ralph Houlbrooke

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,144 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...power in the 1640s only to see their own ranks fragment, and to face a task of imposing moral discipline made all the more difficult by the collapse of the church courts. Adultery became a capital offence in 1650 , but the ordinance remained little more than a dead letter. Civil marriage, introduced in 1653 , lasted only until the Restoration . But Parliament's victory in the Civil War brought, in 1646 , one of the most fundamental changes ever to take place in the family life of the upper classes, the abolition of feudal wardship . Some of its...

Twelfth Night

Twelfth Night   Reference library

Michael Dobson and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,487 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...bitter-sweet drama of social and sexual identity—informs Twelfth Night ’s post-Restoration stage history. The play was evidently popular down to the Civil War, as Digges ’s poem suggests: a court performance is recorded in 1622 as ‘Malvolio’ (a title by which Charles I would also call the play, in a note on the contents page of his copy of the Folio). Doubtless remembering the play’s earlier success in court circles, Davenant revived it in the early 1660s, the role of Viola now transformed by the arrival of professional actresses into a breeches part,...

Religion

Religion   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,549 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...‘establish’—that is make official and supported by the civil power—the religion of the majority of his subjects; the two powers would then enter upon a compact defining the precise obligations of each. The Church of England, which assuredly claimed the allegiance of most English men and women, was in theory the ecclesiastical parallel to civil society. Under the governance of the king, there were ecclesiastical and civil legislatures, ecclesiastical and civil laws and taxes, ecclesiastical and civil courts, and, accordingly, a subject who rejected the Church...

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