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Overview

character

Any detectable attribute or property of the phenotype of an organism. Defined heritable differences in the character may exist between individuals within a species.

character

character   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Plant Sciences (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
26 words

... Any detectable attribute or property of the phenotype of an organism. Defined heritable differences in the character may exist between individuals within a...

character

character   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Zoology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
25 words

... Any detectable attribute or property of the phenotype of an organism. Defined heritable differences in the character may exist between individuals within a species. ...

character

character   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geology and Earth Sciences (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

... Any detectable attribute or property of the phenotype of an organism. Defined heritable differences in the character may exist between individuals within a...

character

character   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Genetics (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
12 words

... any detectable phenotypic property of an organism; synonymous with phenotype,...

character

character   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
86 words

... A person’s character is the sum total of dispositions to action (including thinking and saying). An action is (apparently) out of character if it does not conform to the pattern the person has so far exhibited, although it may then be an indication of a more complex character than hitherto appeared. In virtue ethics , character is the prime object of appraisal, and actions are derivatively good or bad, right or wrong, in so far as they would have been the actions of a virtuous...

character

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The Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... A personage in a narrative or dramatic work ( see characterization ); also a kind of prose sketch briefly describing some recognizable type of person. As a minor literary genre , the character originates with the Characters (late 3rd century bce ) of the Greek writer Theophrastus; it was revived in the 17th century, notably by Sir Thomas Overbury in his Characters ( 1614 ) and by La Bruyère in Les Caractères ( 1688 ). See also humours , stock character , type...

character

character   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Biology (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
49 words

...character ( trait ) A distinctive inherited feature of an organism. Organisms in a population may display different aspects of a particular character; for example, the A, B, and O human blood groups ( see abo system ) are different aspects of the blood group character. See also phenotype...

character

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The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

... 1 The personality structureor relatively fixed traits of an individual 2 Attributes of personality deemedculturally valuable or appropriate by society, for example determination and will to succeed. Sport is often said to develop character, but data supporting this assumption are...

character

character   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
152 words

... . A person's moral nature. Moral philosophy after the rejection of Aristotelianism concentrated on discrete acts, not on the character of moral agents. Since the recent revival of interest in the virtues by Anscombe and others, character has re-emerged. Cultivation of good character is seen as pivotal to moral life, and an understanding of character provides a standpoint for ethical criticism of oneself and others. Some have said that such understanding comes more from novels than philosophy. Aristotle , however, has much to say about virtuous and...

character

character   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Computer Science (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

... 1. An element of a given character set . 2. A subdivision of a word in a machine, usually comprising 8 bits. This is also called a byte . 3. The smallest unit of information in a record...

character

character   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
23 words

... . In Catholic sacramental theology the indelible quality which Baptism , Confirmation , and Ordination are held to imprint upon the...

character

character   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
106 words

... Medieval Theology gave the term “character” the technical sense of a spiritual mark made in the Soul , indelibly, by the three sacraments of Baptism confirmation and orders . Before St Thomas Aquinas , theologians saw the character of baptism and the other two as anticipated sacramental marks of the coming kingdom of God . St Thomas rather saw the character of orders and the other two as deputations to the sacramental worship of the Church in the present world. For the priest, it is the sacramental character that makes him capable of...

character

character   Reference library

The Companion to Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
786 words

... In narrative generally, a character is a person depicted within a story, either through description or direct speech; in drama the term usually refers only to persons portrayed by *actors . In either case, characters need not be human beings, but can be any kind of sentient agent: gods, animals, aliens, or even animated plants or household objects. *Aristotle ranks character second only to plot among the six elements of *tragedy , and in many modern plays, such as *Chekhov 's, character is more important than plot. Though character is a ubiquitous...

character

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A Dictionary of Law Enforcement (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Law
Length:
260 words

... (in the law of evidence) 1 The reputation of a party or witness. Evidence of the reputation for truthfulness of a witness may be given in both civil and criminal cases. However, in civil cases the reputation of a party is not admissible unless it is directly in issue, as it may be in an action for defamation . In criminal cases the accused may call evidence of his good character and in certain circumstances may be entitled to a good character direction. The Criminal Justice Act 2003 abolished most of the existing rules on evidence of bad character,...

character

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A Dictionary of Sports Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
126 words

... In psychology, the aggregation of traits (relatively consistent and distinguishing patterns of behaviour) that constitutes the individual and separates one person from another. In sociology, studies of national character have become unfashionable if not discredited, accused of perpetuating stereotypes , though anthropological studies have shown that the meaning of a sport in one society or culture (baseball in Japanese culture, for instance) is different from the meaning of the sport in another (say, the USA); and that these differences can be...

character

character   Reference library

David Z. Saltz

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
1,090 words

...characters. It also follows that each actor who plays a role creates a distinct character, so that, for example, Laurence Olivier 's Hamlet was a different character from Mel Gibson's . This concept of character became prevalent toward the end of the nineteenth century as playwrights such as Ibsen and Strindberg created increasingly individuated characters with complex and contradictory motivations and richly developed psychological histories. This kind of psychological realism encouraged critics and practitioners to analyse dramatic characters as...

character

character n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... n. 1. The aggregate or combination of psychological traits that distinguish a person from others. In his influential book Personality: A Psychological Interpretation ( 1937 ), the US psychologist Gordon W(illard) Allport ( 1897–1967 ) established personality as the preferred term in psychology and rejected the word ‘character’ because of its ethical connotations: ‘The psychologist does not need the term at all; personality alone will serve. Character is personality evaluated, and personality is character devaluated ’ (p. 52, italics in...

character

character ((in the law of evidence))   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law (9 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
261 words

...character n. (in the law of evidence) 1. The reputation of a party or witness. Evidence of the reputation for truthfulness of a witness may be given in both civil and criminal cases. However, in civil cases the reputation of a party is not admissible unless it is directly in issue, as it may be in an action for defamation . In criminal cases the accused may call evidence of his good character and in certain circumstances may be entitled to a good character direction. The Criminal Justice Act 2003 abolished most of the existing rules on evidence of bad...

character

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The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
206 words

... , Aristotle was not alone in being interested in analysing ethically good and bad character, i.e. virtue and vice. The typical approach consists of the tabulation of virtues and vices, conceived both as modes of human behaviour and as psychological structures. In the Aristotelian model, human beings are taken to be adapted by nature ( phӯsis ) to develop relatively stable patterns of emotion and desire (‘dispositions’) which, in conjunction with value‐laden beliefs and reasoning, form the basis for the choice‐based actions and speeches in which people...

character

character   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
108 words

...character . In the Catholic theology of the Sacraments, the indelible quality which Baptism , Confirmation , and Ordination are held to imprint on the soul. As this character is indelible and, even after the gravest sins, including apostasy, therefore remains, none of these Sacraments can be received more than once by the same person. The doctrine received explicit formulation, largely under the influence of St Augustine , by the Schoolmen, but it was foreshadowed from an early date by such expressions as ‘the Lord's seal’ ( σφραγὶς του̑ Κυρίου ‎)...

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