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chapter

The members of a Christian religious community or of any similar body. From the 9th cent. cathedrals often had separate ‘chapter houses’.

Chapter

Chapter   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
23 words

... . The members of a Christian religious community or of any similar body. From the 9th cent. cathedrals often had separate ‘chapter...

chapter

chapter   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Idioms (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
86 words

... chapter and verse an exact reference or authority. 🅘 Chapter and verse was originally used to refer to the numbering of passages in the Bible. It is now also used more generally to refer to any (usually written) authority for something. a chapter of accidents a series of unfortunate events. 🅘 This expression was apparently coined by Lord Chesterfield in a letter to Solomon Dayrolles in 1753 : ‘The chapter of knowledge is a very short, but the chapter of accidents is a very long...

chapter

chapter   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Local and Family History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
43 words

... . 1 The governing body of a cathedral or a collegiate church . 2 The daily assembly of the members of a religious house. The name is derived from the practice of reading a chapter from the rule of the order of that...

chapter

chapter   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
43 words

... 1 The governing body of a cathedral or a collegiate church . 2 The daily assembly of the members of a religious house. The name is derived from the practice of reading a chapter from the rule of the order of that...

Chapter

Chapter   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... (Latin capitulum , ‘little head’) The chapter of a cathedral, composed of the canons and presided over by the dean or provost, is so called from the ancient practice of the canons and monks reading at their meetings a chapter of their rule or of scripture. Ire ad capitulum meant to go to the meeting for the reading of the chapter, hence to the meeting, hence to the body that made up the meeting. Chapter and verse The exact authority for an action or statement. The original reference was to a chapter and verse in the Bible, as a precise authority....

chapter

chapter   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
188 words

... (Lat. capitulum , from caput ‘head’; hence ‘little head’). A subdivision of a prose text, often the largest subdivision of the whole, although some texts are subdivided first into *book s or parts, then into chapter s. Usually numbered and often given a title, a chapter is typically further subdivided into *paragraph s. Stephen Langton, archbishop of Canterbury ( c .1150–1228 ), may have been the first to introduce chapter divisions into the Bible for easier citation of the text. (Verse divisions were a later invention.) A new chapter is...

chapter

chapter   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
660 words

... This word covers several monastic and canonical practices and institutions, all of which have a single origin, the celebration from the end of the 8 th c., in the framework of the common life, in a particular room outside the choir, of a brief office following prime, where was read notably a “chapter” ( capitulum ) of the monastic or canonical rule. They read or listened to a chapter in that room, they went ad capitulum… “to the chapter”, the place took the name of the part read: “chapter room”, or simply “chapter”. The specific book used for the...

chapter

chapter   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
67 words

... ( capitulum ) Capitulum originally referred to the portion of the Rule of *Benedict read at daily meetings in *monasteries . It came to denote the meeting itself, and the meeting space was called the *chapter house . Capitulum also designated *canons serving *cathedrals and collegiate *churches . See also monasticism . Greg Peters C. H. Lawrence , Medieval Monasticism: Forms of Religious Life in Western Europe in the Middle Ages ( 2...

chapter

chapter   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
278 words

...chapter (Lat. capitulum ) . The word is in current use in a variety of ecclesiastical senses: (1) Orig. it denoted a section of the monastic rule, such as was daily read publicly in religious houses. (2) The assembly of the members of a religious house to listen to this reading or for similar purposes (receiving the abbot's instructions, transacting the business of the monastery, etc.). ( See also chapter house .) By extension the assembly of the monks or their representatives of a whole province or order came to be referred to as a ‘provincial chapter’...

chapter

chapter   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
85 words

... . 1 A section of a monastic rule, such as was daily read publicly in religious houses. 2 The assembly of the members of a religious house to hear this reading and for other purposes, and then the members in their corporate capacity. 3 The members of any corporate body responsible for an ecclesiastical institution. Cathedral chapters in the C of E now comprise the dean, the residentiary canons , and a few other persons, mainly lay. See also Biblical divisions and references ; cathedral...

chapter house

chapter house   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Local and Family History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
11 words

... house . The building used for the meetings of a chapter...

chapter house

chapter house   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
13 words

... house . A building used for meetings of a cathedral or monastic chapter...

chapter 13

chapter 13   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Business and Management (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
32 words

... 13 In the USA, the statute of the Bankruptcy Reform Act 1978 that refers to debt restructuring and provides for individuals to repay creditors over time. Compare chapter 7 ; chapter 11...

chapter 13

chapter 13   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Accounting (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
32 words

... 13 In the USA, the statute of the Bankruptcy Reform Act 1978 that refers to debt restructuring and provides for individuals to repay creditors over time. Compare chapter 7 ; chapter 11...

general chapter

general chapter   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
63 words

...chapter Annual meeting of *Cistercian abbots beginning on 13 September to discuss and solve problems afflicting the order and to ensure observance of the rule. The first Cistercian general chapter convened in 1119 , and the initial *Benedictine general chapter met in 1218/19 . Greg Peters C. H. Lawrence , Medieval Monasticism: Forms of Religious Life in Western Europe in the Middle Ages ( 2...

chapter house

chapter house   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
57 words

... house The building used for the meetings of a chapter . At first these were rectangular in shape, but during the 13th century the polygonal form was adopted because of its superior acoustics and the opportunities it afforded for architectural display. The chapter houses at Wells, Southwell, and York cathedrals are particularly fine examples. See also dean...

chapter-house

chapter-house   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
36 words

...-house The place of assembly for abbot or prior and members of a monastery for the discussion of business. It is usually reached from the cloisters . In England chapter-houses were normally polygonal in...

chapter books

chapter books   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Children's Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
37 words

...chapter books Short works of (usually) fiction for new and intermediate readers, more substantial and text-heavy than picture books but still typically illustrated throughout (unlike most older fiction) and divided up into chapters of manageable...

Social Chapter

Social Chapter   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Economics (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
43 words

...Social Chapter A chapter of the Maastricht Treaty of 1993 , dealing largely with social questions, including employment protection and works councils . The UK government chose originally to opt out of this section of the treaty, but has since accepted...

Chapter 7

Chapter 7 (USA)   Reference library

The Handbook of International Financial Terms

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

... 7 (USA) . That part of the Bankruptcy Reform Act of 1978 which concerns the liquidation of a...

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