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chancery

(from the Latin cancella, ‘screen’, hence a screened-off place, or office) The writing-office attached to the court of a ruler, pope, etc. Since it supplied the writ necessary for a ...

Chancery

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World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
80 words

... In England, court developed in the 15th century for the lord chancellor to deal with petitions from aggrieved persons for redress when no remedy was available in the common law courts. By the mid-17th century, Chancery had become a second system of law (equity) rather than a reforming agency. By the Supreme Court of Judicature Act ( 1925 ), the court of Chancery was merged into the High Court of Justice , of which it is now known as the Chancery...

Chancery

Chancery   Reference library

A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, History
Length:
299 words

...side’ of the Chancery (all records being kept in Latin). From about the mid-fourteenth century, however, a distinct Court of Chancery developed as what is called the ‘English side’ of Chancery, where bills and pleadings were written in the vernacular, and this came to deal with matters of equity outside the common law. The Chancery was always noted, among other things, for the large staff of clerks it employed, headed by twelve so-called Masters in Chancery, and for the immense amount of documentation it generated every year. The Chancery papers were...

chancery

chancery   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
27 words

... ‘In diplomatic usage, the office, or offices, of a mission, more particularly the diplomatic section, with its registry’: Satow's Guide to Diplomatic Practice (5th ed.),...

Chancery

Chancery   Reference library

David Sugarman

Oxford Reader's Companion to Dickens

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
511 words

...of Chancery’ ( HW 7 December 1850 and 15 February 1851 ). The Queen's Speech of 1851 pledged to address Chancery abuses, but obstruction in the House of Lords and pressure from the legal profession watered down reforms. That same year The times waged a vigorous campaign for Chancery reform, and Dickens's celebrated indictment of Chancery in Bleak House ‘followed in almost every respect the charges already levelled in the columns of The Times ’ (Butt and Tillotson 1957 ). Like the fog and dirt that are its first symbols, the Chancery suit is...

chancery

chancery   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Irish History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
449 words

...at reform and reorganization were made but these met with little success. The lack of professionalism in the Irish chancery has been seen as one reason why it did not, like the English chancery, evolve as a court of equity in the 15th century. The chancery did not have any fixed location, but travelled around the country with the justiciar. An attempt in 1395 to provide a permanent base in Dublin was ineffective. In 1534 chancery at length began an equity jurisdiction in line with its English counterpart. This proved popular. Not only were its...

chancery

chancery   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
34 words

... Obsolete paper sheet size used specifically in legal establishments, being nominally double *foolscap 26.5×16.5in. (67.3×41.9cm), of a cream colour, and with a wove finish. Known also as judicature. Daven Christopher Chamberlain...

Chancery

Chancery   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, History
Length:
2,013 words
Illustration(s):
1

... . The chancery's roots lie in the royal secretariat, from which documents were issued under the great seal in the chancellor's custody. Legal questions arose early in chancery, but no significant common-law jurisdiction developed. In contrast the so-called English side of the chancery, probably arising from the business of responding to petitions to the king and council, gradually separated from the council, generating a freestanding equitable jurisdiction, the Court of Chancery, its procedure distinct from common-law procedure and to some degree...

chancery

chancery   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
732 words

...west and the imperial chancery in *Constantinople . The papal chancery also established procedures to ensure the authenticity of legal documents and identify forgeries produced to substantiate false claims. Under the *Carolingians , the cancellarius was the same as a notary, and could be either a layman or a cleric. The secretariat prepared letters and documents, while the chancery ensured their legal authenticity and preservation. The chancery was entrusted with matters of policy, preservation of royal privileges, taxation, and settling disputes...

Chancery

Chancery   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
583 words

...protasekretis abandoned the chancery. It was then manned by grammatikoi and later (13th C.) by imperial notarioi (who sometimes also acted as taboullarioi ) and translators ( diermeneutai ), mostly of Latin. The direction of the chancery, esp. as far as foreign relations were concerned, fell to the logothetes tou dromou and his protonotarios , and, in the 13th C., to the megas logothetes , while the protonotarios remained at the head of the notarioi or grammatikoi and controlled the everyday functions of the chancery. The real chancellor, with...

chancery

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A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
56 words

... (from the Latin cancella , ‘screen’, hence a screened-off place, or office) The writing-office attached to the court of a ruler, pope, etc. In England, since it supplied the writ necessary for a lawsuit to be heard by the king’s judges, it came to be a law court itself, presided over by its head, the Chancellor....

chancery

chancery   Reference library

Australian Law Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
43 words

...chancery The office area, as opposed to the residence, of the diplomatic premises of an embassy or high commission. Chancery Division is a court in the UK legal system established under the Judicature Acts 1873–75 to replace the old Court of Chancery...

Chancery, Papal

Chancery, Papal   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
45 words

..., Papal . The name attached in the late 12th cent. to the Pope’s secretariat. In the 14th cent. the Chancery exercised quasi-legislative powers, but from the 15th cent. its influence diminished. In 1973 it was abolished and its functions transferred to the Secretariat of...

Chancery Standard

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The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Chancery Standard ( Chancery English ) . A term used to refer to the 15c written usage of the clerks of Chancery in London, who prepared the king’s documents. Before the 1430s, official records were mainly in Latin and French, but after that date mainly in an English dialect. There had been a long-held belief that the Central Midland dialect was the source of written standard english language, but this was convincingly refuted in 2004 by various scholars, notably Michael Benskin in his work on Chancery Standard in the edited volume New Perspectives...

Chancery hand

Chancery hand   Reference library

A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, History
Length:
161 words

... hand Chancery hand, or littera cancellaresca , is the type of cursive or documentary script originally used by the Apostolic Chancery in the Vatican for papal documents. Derived from Gothic bastarda script, it spread rapidly across Europe in the late medieval and early modern period and was also adopted for a style of typeface used by early sixteenth-century Italian printers. In England, by the sixteenth century, a distinctly English type of Chancery hand was the stylized set hand used by Chancery clerks for the engrossing of letters patent and...

German chancery

German chancery   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
328 words

...the chancery. The employment of laymen, from the 14th century, was accompanied by the increasing significance of legal training. A layman first became chancellor in 1432 . Princely and urban chanceries appeared in the 12th century, with ecclesiastical magnates leading the way. From the 13th century division of labour appeared and legal proficiency was required. Chanceries constitute the nuclei of all future administrative institutionalization in their regions. Given that the writing of history rests in large measure on the products of chanceries, it is...

Chancery Division

Chancery Division   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law (9 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
101 words

...Chancery Division The division of the High Court of Justice created by the Judicature Acts 1873–75 to replace the Court of Chancery . The work of the Division is principally concerned with matters relating to real property, trusts, and the administration of estates but also includes cases concerned with company law, patents and other intellectual property , and confidentiality cases. It may hear some appeals . The head of the Division was formerly known as the Vice Chancellor ; under the Constitutional Reform Act 2005 this office was retitled ...

Chancery Division

Chancery Division   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law Enforcement (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Law
Length:
82 words

... Division The division of the High Court of Justice created by the Judicature Act 1873–5 to replace the Court of Chancery. The work of the Division is principally concerned with matters relating to real property , trusts, and the administration of estates, but also includes cases concerned with company law, patents and other intellectual property , and confidentiality cases. The effective head of the Division is the Vice Chancellor , although the Lord Chancellor is nominally its...

Chancery Court

Chancery Court   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law
Length:
871 words

...a jurisdiction in relation to the validity and enforcement of documents enrolled in Chancery (both royal grants by letters patent, and some private contracts); and in proceedings in connection with the Crown's feudal rights over its tenants in chief. Like most public bodies in the pre‐modern legal regime, the Chancery also had a privilege jurisdiction over cases involving its officials. These aspects of the Chancery's jurisdiction are called the ‘Latin side’ of the Chancery because the proceedings, like those at common law at the time, were recorded in...

Chancery, Papal

Chancery, Papal   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
300 words

...Chancery, Papal , the name attached, in the late 12th cent., to the Pope's secretariat. Arrangements for drafting papal letters and keeping archives are traceable to the 4th cent. and to classical models, but the titles of officers changed over the centuries. In 819 the headship passed to the librarian, and late in the 11th cent. to the chancellor. He was always a cardinal . After vacancies, 1187–91 and 1197–1205 , the office lapsed in 1216 until Pius X revived it in 1908 . Instead, a vice-chancellor (after 1295 a cardinal) ruled the Chancery....

chancellor, chancery

chancellor, chancery   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
560 words

...he played an often essential role in the 12 th c. when the cathedral schools flourished, thus at Paris where the university soon challenged his direction of the schools. M. Richardson , “ Henry V, the English Chancery, and the Chancery English ”, Spec. , 55, 1980, 726-50. C. W. Smith , “Some Trends in the English Royal Chancery, 1377-1483”, Medieval Prosopography , 6/1, Spring 1985, 69-94. B. -M. Tock , Une Chancellerie épiscopale au XII e siècle: le cas d'Arras, Louvain-la-Neuve, 1991 (“Publications de l'Institut d'études médiévales”, 12). O....

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