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British Chambers of Commerce

(BCC) A non-political organization representing local chambers of commerce throughout the UK. It operates an accreditation scheme under which local chambers are admitted to the ...

chambers of commerce

chambers of commerce   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Scottish History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
481 words

... of commerce have played an important role in the economic development of modern Scotland. All major cities and most large towns formed chambers of commerce in the 18th and 19th centuries to give the business community a forum in which common interests could be identified and strategies pursued. The two most significant chambers were those of Edinburgh and Glasgow . Chambers were particularly interested in the development of town and city strategies with reference to how these would effect business dealings. For most of the 19th century, business...

chambers of commerce

chambers of commerce   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Irish History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
109 words

... of commerce first appeared in Ireland in the late 18th century. The Belfast and Dublin chambers were both founded in 1783 , though the Dublin chamber succeeded a Committee of Merchants which had functioned from 1761 . A Committee of Merchants was formed in Cork in 1769 and similar committees existed in Waterford and Limerick by 1805 . Many of the original members were either Catholics or dissenters. The formation of these committees reflects the expansion of the Irish merchant community during the 18th century, and its resentment at the...

Chambers of Commerce

Chambers of Commerce   Reference library

Colin Gordon

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Business, Labor, and Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... of Commerce Often led by bankers, realtors, and representatives of other service industries, chambers of commerce are a type of organization that represent a broad range of business interests in a given city or state. Such organizations were formed as early as the 1780s, but their numbers and their political role blossomed in the Gilded Age in response to the challenges of rapid economic growth, labor unrest, and urban political reform. Unlike more narrowly focused employers’ or trade associations, local and regional chambers focused on such issues as...

Chambers of Commerce

Chambers of Commerce   Reference library

Colin Gordon

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
339 words

...Chambers of Commerce , organizations representing a broad range of business interests in a given city or state, often led by bankers, realtors, and representatives of other service industries. Such organizations were formed as early as the 1780s, but their numbers and their political role blossomed in the Gilded Age in response to the challenges of rapid economic growth, labor unrest, and urban political reform. Unlike more narrowly focused employers' or trade associations, local and regional chambers focused on such issues as property taxes, zoning and...

British Chambers of Commerce

British Chambers of Commerce   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Business and Management (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
68 words

...Chambers of Commerce ( BCC ) A non-political organization representing local chambers of commerce throughout the UK. It operates an accreditation scheme under which local chambers are admitted to the national network and a benchmarking survey to encourage best practice. It was formed in 1993 from a merger of the Association of British Chambers of Commerce and the National Chamber of Trade. http://www.britishchambers.org.uk/ BCC...

British Chambers of Commerce

British Chambers of Commerce   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Resource Management (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
67 words

...British Chambers of Commerce ( BCC ) is the umbrella organization for the fifty-two local chambers of commerce, which represent business interests across the UK. The BCC is concerned with the general interests of business and does not confine itself to issues of employment and HRM. It is an important lobbyist, however, and speaks for business interests on issues such as employment law, training, and industrial relations. http://www.britishchambers.org.uk/...

General Union of Chambers of Commerce, Industry, and Agriculture of the Arab Countries

General Union of Chambers of Commerce, Industry, and Agriculture of the Arab Countries   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Business and Management in the Middle East and North Africa

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
23 words

...Union of Chambers of Commerce, Industry, and Agriculture of the Arab Countries The former name of the Union of Arab Chambers...

British Chambers of Commerce

British Chambers of Commerce  

(BCC)A non-political organization representing local chambers of commerce throughout the UK. It operates an accreditation scheme under which local chambers are admitted to the national network and a ...
chambers of commerce

chambers of commerce  

In the UK, a voluntary organization, existing in most towns, of commercial, industrial, and trading businessmen who represent their joint interests to local and central government. The London Chamber ...
Design

Design   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,178 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...and, under the then system of *education [17] , could not be expected to ascend to higher sources of elegance. The fear of competition from French manufacturers provided the spur for the Parliamentary Select Committee of 1835 appointed ‘to inquire into the best means of extending a knowledge of the Arts, and of the Principles of Design, among the People (especially the Manufacturing Population) of the Country’. Its avowed purpose differed little from that of the Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures, and Commerce, launched some eighty years...

Architecture

Architecture   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,949 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...This invention of a new professional ideology and national institutional formation was one of the great achievements of British architecture in the first third of the nineteenth century. Less coherently, but no less interestingly, British architects also fashioned aesthetic and theoretical responses to the exigencies of the times. Classicism in one form or another was the dominant style for major public buildings because of its capacity to represent conventionally the values of order, hierarchy, magnificence, and tradition. Chambers's progressive...

22 The History of the Book in France

22 The History of the Book in France   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
10,032 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...of public investment, lending cabinets de lecture flourished in the early 19 th century (more than 500 operated in Paris) and several different types of library appeared during the period, especially small, specialized institutional libraries established by learned societies, such as the *Société de l’histoire du protestantisme français ; chambers of commerce (created throughout the country between 1825 and 1872 ); and religious institutions (some of these were confiscated, once more, at the 1905 separation between Church and state). As a result of...

London Chamber of Commerce

London Chamber of Commerce  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The largest chamber of commerce in the UK. It provides the normal services of a chamber of commerce and in addition runs courses and examinations in business subjects.
Islamic Chamber of Commerce

Islamic Chamber of Commerce  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Organ of the Organization of the Islamic Conference. Established in 1977 to promote trade, industry, and agriculture throughout the Islamic world; preferential terms of trade for members; cooperation ...
chamber of trade

chamber of trade  

Reference type:
Overview Page
An organization of local retailers set up to protect their interests in local matters. They are a much narrower organization than a chamber of commerce and most in the UK are affiliated to the ...
Americanization

Americanization  

By the end of World War I, the United States had indisputably become a global power. The country's growth was driven by a history of territorial conquest and massive immigration. ...
National Association of Manufacturers.

National Association of Manufacturers.  

The National Association of Manufacturers (NAM) was founded in 1895 to facilitate manufacturers' influence in promoting U.S. foreign trade and setting protective tariffs.Its leaders soon turned their ...
functional representation

functional representation  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Functional representation may be contrasted to the more usual form of territorial representation where a legislator is elected to represent a defined territorial unit and all the citizens who live ...
employer engagement

employer engagement  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A catch‐all term for the initiatives, particularly in vocational further education and training, aimed at involving local employers in the planning, development, delivery, and evaluation of learning ...
Engineers Case

Engineers Case  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Of 1920 marked an important shift in the judicial interpretation of the Commonwealth Constitution and significantly enlarged the powers of the federal government. The High Court was asked to ...

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