Update

You are looking at 1-20 of 1,068 entries  for:

  • All: center of origin hypothesis x
clear all

View:

Overview

center of origin hypothesis

The generalization that the genetic variability is greatest in the territory where a species arose. Conversely, marginal populations are likely to show a limited number of adaptations. ...

center of origin hypothesis

center of origin hypothesis   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Genetics (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
61 words

... of origin hypothesis the generalization that the genetic variability is greatest in the territory where a species arose. Conversely, marginal populations are likely to show a limited number of adaptations. Therefore, the regions where various agriculturally important plant species arose can sometimes be identified by determining the amounts of genetic polymorphism in different geographic races. See Appendix C , 1926, Vavilov. ...

center of origin hypothesis

center of origin hypothesis  

The generalization that the genetic variability is greatest in the territory where a species arose. Conversely, marginal populations are likely to show a limited number of adaptations. Therefore, the ...
Forging an Identity: The Emergence of Ancient Israel

Forging an Identity: The Emergence of Ancient Israel   Reference library

Lawrence E. Stager

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
19,872 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
4

...of Archaeology.” Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 74 (1939): 11–22. Dated but useful survey of archaeological evidence in support of the “conquest” hypothesis of Israelite origins. Alt, Albrecht . “The Settlement of the Israelites in Palestine.” In Essays on Old Testament History and Religion , 172–221. Trans. R. W. Wilson . Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1968. Originally published in German in 1925, a pioneering study of “territorial history” in support of the “pastoral nomad” hypothesis of Israelite origins. ...

Introduction to the Pentateuch

Introduction to the Pentateuch   Reference library

G. I. Davies

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
32,329 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Supplementary Hypothesis ( Ergänzungshypothese ). According to this, the original core of the Pentateuch was a document known as the Book of Origins ( Das Buch der Ursprünge ), which was put together by a priest or Levite in about the time of King Solomon. A distinguishing mark of this book was that in Genesis and the beginning of Exodus (up to ch. 6 ) it avoided using the name YHWH for God, and employed other words, especially ᾽ ělōhîm , which means ‘God’, instead. This core, it was held, was expanded in the eighth century bce , the time of the first great...

Place-Names

Place-Names   Quick reference

Margaret Gelling

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,757 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...is one of the factors which have secured the subject a niche in academic life. A similar long‐running dispute concerns place‐names of later origin which are in the language of the Danish and Norwegian Vikings whose incursions disrupted English history in the 9th and 10th centuries. Very important work by Kenneth Cameron has shown that the frequency of these names in some areas, and the siting of the settlements to which they refer support the hypothesis of a peasant immigration from Denmark, made possible by the political control of parts of eastern...

1 Writing Systems

1 Writing Systems   Reference library

Andrew Robinson

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
6,162 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
7

...6 th millennium of recorded civilization opened, Mesopotamia was again at the centre of historical events. Where once, at the birth of writing, the statecraft of absolute rulers like Hammurabi and Darius was recorded in Sumerian, Babylonian, Assyrian, and Old Persian cuneiform on clay and stone, now the Iraq wars against Saddam Hussein generated millions of mainly alphabetic words on paper and on the *World Wide Web written in a babel of world languages. Yet, although today’s technologies of writing are immeasurably different from those of the 3 rd ...

1700 to the Present

1700 to the Present   Reference library

Ronald Clements

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
7,692 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
18

...the latter half of the nineteenth century, there emerged both in Britain and America the holding of annual conferences for the study of the Bible, marked by the active promotion of such conservative viewpoints. In turn these conferences led to the setting up of private academies and Bible schools which have upheld an active and influential role in the teaching, interpretation and public promotion of Bible-reading. Such revitalizing of concern to place the Bible at the centre of ecclesiastical and personal life, with a tightly drawn profile of a biblical...

Bitter Lives: Israel in and out of Egypt

Bitter Lives: Israel in and out of Egypt   Reference library

Carol A. Redmount

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
16,877 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...areas of substantial agreement, such as the dating of the D (Deuteronomic) source to the seventh century bce and the placement of the Deuteronomic History (the books of Deuteronomy through 2 Kings) at the end of the present Exodus narrative, where it preempted an earlier conclusion to the saga. Thematically, the Exodus chronicle culminates with the conquest of Canaan, but in the canon we now possess this climactic event is postponed until Joshua, a book not part of the Pentateuch. In recent years, challenges to the Documentary Hypothesis have...

The Early Church

The Early Church   Reference library

Henning Graf Reventlow

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,415 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
6

...of the Bible, of which only a small part has survived, because Theodore posthumously (553) was condemned as a heretic. His exegetical method is similar to that of his teacher Diodore (of whom still less is preserved) and represents the so-called Antiochene school. In his commentary on the Psalms he first tries to arrive at a correct text, comparing the Septuagint with other Greek translations and also amending Hebraisms in its style. For each psalm, he places a summary (Hypothesis) at the head of his comments; often he does not accept the superscription of...

In the Beginning: The Earliest History

In the Beginning: The Earliest History   Reference library

Michael D. Coogan

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
10,305 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
2

...[the earth].” There follows a list of postdiluvian cities and their rulers, concluding with the fall of Ur, by which time the lengths of the rulers' reigns have become plausible. Although at least for the early periods the names and dates in the King List are clearly legendary, underlying it is perhaps an authentic historical memory of the prominence of various urban centers in the third millennium and even before. The first city mentioned, Eridu, is the oldest known Mesopotamian site where the beginning of urbanism is identified, as far back...

The New Testament

The New Testament   Reference library

Margaret Davies

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
10,686 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
5

...a more graphic description of a foreign army's destroying Jerusalem which suggests it was written after that event. Whether these apocalyptic discourses are all to be understood as separating the destruction of Jerusalem from the eschaton is disputed. Those who argue that each of these gospels shows knowledge of the Jerusalem temple's destruction date all of them after 70 ce . Which of them is considered earlier and which later depends on whichever hypothesis about their literary relations is accepted. The conservative nature of these narratives may itself...

Baruch

Baruch   Reference library

Alison Salvesen and Alison Salvesen

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
4,711 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...possible that this is a deliberate fiction on the part of the writer in order to encourage exiled Jews to regard Jerusalem as their cultic centre. Certainly, if the original language of Baruch was Hebrew, Judea is the most obvious place of composition. F. Canonicity. 1. If there was a Hebrew original of Baruch, there is no evidence that it ever formed part of the Hebrew canon of the Jews. The Greek and Latin versions of Baruch, along with the Letter of Jeremiah, were generally regarded as part of the book of Jeremiah, and were thus treated as canonical in the...

The Four Gospels in Synopsis

The Four Gospels in Synopsis   Reference library

Henry Wansbrough

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
30,113 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...become known strictly as the Two-Gospel Hypothesis. For brevity and to avoid confusion it will here be named the Griesbach theory. The theory is that the first gospel to be written was that of Matthew, the most Semitic of the gospels, written for Christians of Jewish extraction. Next, for Christians of Gentile origin, but still before the destruction of Jerusalem, Luke was written. Finally Mark combined the two. The fundamental argument for this hypothesis, both for Griesbach and for Farmer, lies in the order of pericopes. Wherever Mark departs from...

John

John   Reference library

René Kieffer and René Kieffer

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
52,850 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Jesus' origin from God. He is now prepared to confess his faith in him who reveals himself as Son of Man. A few MSS such as P 75 and Sinaiticus omit the whole of v. 38 and the beginning of v. 39 . Contrary to Brown's hypothesis on a liturgical addition ( Brown 1966 ) the text is original since it is well attested in different textual traditions. Jesus' revelation to the blind man is similar to his self-disclosure as Messiah to the Samaritan woman ( 4:26 ). The healing of the blind man concludes with an emphasis on the sign of faith. Jesus speaks of the...

A Land Divided: Judah and Israel from the Death of Solomon to the Fall of Samaria

A Land Divided: Judah and Israel from the Death of Solomon to the Fall of Samaria   Reference library

Edward F. Campbell Jr.

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
19,373 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
2

...the fear of God (Hebrew ' elohim ) as motive for vocation and living; and it can condone rebellion if a leader's behavior demands it. It presents stories of the north, enhancing the portrayal of Jacob and featuring Joseph and his sons Ephraim and Manasseh, and it gives particular attention to the founding of religious centers of the north, notably Shechem and Bethel. As with proto-Deuteronomy, E's origins and agenda glimmer dimly through the dominant Jerusalem perspective. Was the Elohist work a stream of tradition independent of J, the...

Leviticus

Leviticus   Reference library

Lester L. Grabbe and Lester L. Grabbe

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
22,756 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...and death, order and chaos. 2. The idea of sacrifice seems to be ubiquitous among human societies the world over. Even those which have abandoned it in their contemporary form, especially in the developed countries, have sacrifice as a part of their past. Since the concept goes so far back in human history that its origins are no longer traceable, we are left only with hypothesis and speculation as to how sacrifice came to be a part of the religious culture of most peoples. (For further information, see the account of the debate in Grabbe 1993 : 43–7 .) But...

Genesis

Genesis   Reference library

R. N. Whybray and R. N. Whybray

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
35,219 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...One thorough investigation of the composition of the patriarchal stories ( Blum 1984 ), which envisages a gradual process of composition in which the traditions about each of the patriarchs were gradually and independently built up before their combination into larger complexes, has considerable plausibility; on the other hand, the notion of a fragment hypothesis according to which there was no lengthy process of growth but a single act of composition in which a mass of material was collated by a single author, as in the case of the early Greek historians...

Colossians

Colossians   Reference library

Jerome Murphy-O'Connor, OP and Jerome Murphy-O'Connor, OP

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
10,129 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...a basis for an understanding of the genitive in ‘worship of angels’ as subjective. His outline of Jewish ascetic mysticism, which is the socio-religious framework of his hypothesis, has been developed thoroughly by Sappington ( 1991 ). The polemic material in 2:8, 16–23 contains both direct and indirect references to the content, function, and medium of revelation, as well as to the prerequisites for its attainment. Sappington (ibid. 170) concludes, ‘the Colossian error is strikingly similar to the ascetic-mystical piety of Jewish Apocalypticism. The...

2 Corinthians

2 Corinthians   Reference library

Margaret MacDonald and Margaret MacDonald

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
21,614 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...fragments and then reconstruct the chronology of Paul's dealings with the Corinthians on the basis of these units (e.g. 2:14–6:13; 7:2–4 + 10:1–13:10 + 1:1–2:13; 7:5–16; 13:11–13 + ch. 8 + ch. 9 + 6:14–7:1; Betz 1992 : 1149–50 ). (2) Other scholars do not view the points of discontinuity in chs. 1–9 as being severe enough to warrant theories of partition of those chapters, but nevertheless see a significant break between chs. 1–9 and chs. 10–13 . Therefore, they argue in favour of a two-letter hypothesis. This is the position adopted here ( cf....

Between Alexandria and Antioch: Jews and Judaism in the Hellenistic Period

Between Alexandria and Antioch: Jews and Judaism in the Hellenistic Period   Reference library

Leonard J. Greenspoon

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
18,478 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
2

...the scrolls always agree with each other), the Essene hypothesis was attractive. Despite challenges to this consensus in recent years, the Essene hypothesis still retains its value as a reasonable interpretative tool. The Qumran community seems to have been founded sometime in the Maccabean or Hasmonean period. Because the community styles itself the “sons of Zadok,” its founders felt some connection or kinship with the priestly group out of which the Sadducees also arose. These “sons of Zadok” were unwilling or unable to make their peace with...

View: