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catacomb

[MC] An underground cemetery comprising a complex of passageways, burial niches, and recessed chambers cut into the living rock. Established during imperial times in Rome, the ...

catacomb

catacomb ([MC])   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
64 words

... [MC] An underground cemetery comprising a complex of passageways, burial niches, and recessed chambers cut into the living rock. Established during imperial times in Rome, the catacombs later came to be closely associated with the burial places of Christian and Jewish communities. The name was first applied to the example in Rome and then extended in its meaning to include all similar...

catacomb

catacomb   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
106 words

... An underground cemetery, often on several levels, consisting of linked chambers or galleries with recesses for the tombs. The word catacumbas (of uncertain origin) was first applied in the 5th century to the Christian cemetery beneath the church of S. Sebastiano on the Appian Way outside Rome. It was then generally used to describe many similar Early Christian cemeteries throughout the Roman empire. However, catacombs were rarely used for burial after the 6th century as open-air burials were preferred. The term is also used to describe later...

catacomb

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The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
147 words

... An underground passageway, notably that used as a cemetery with recesses for burials in walls and floors. Catacombs were developed in the later Roman Empire as a space-saving solution to the growing quantities of people who desired to be buried instead of cremated, Jews and Christians in particular. Several were renowned for martyrs’ graves; some are decorated with wall paintings. Those in Rome soon turned into important places of collective Christian memory. After the translation of the *relics to churches inside the city, most catacombs fell into...

catacomb

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A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
84 words

... An underground burial gallery, especially in early Christian Rome. Catacombs were named after the best known example, St Sebastian in the Hollow ( ad Catacumbas ). Forty such subterranean chambers are known in Rome, tunnelled through soft rock outside the ancient city boundaries. The anniversaries of martyrs were celebrated at the graves. Looted by barbarians and subject to collapse, they were virtually forgotten until their accidental rediscovery in the 16th century. Similar ones are also found as far apart as Salzburg and...

Catacomb

Catacomb   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Classical studies
Length:
1,817 words
Illustration(s):
1

...lowering a passage floor. Most catacombs were expanded according to need, and only a few, such as the catacomb of the Via Latina, were apparently conceived from the start as a formal arrangement of carefully excavated spaces. The Alexandrian catacomb at Kom el-Shuqafa, however, developed around a rotunda entrance and included a banqueting hall in its complex of underground chambers. Catacombs in the Roman tradition survive at Syracuse in Sicily and at Hadrumetum (now Sousse ) in Tunisia . The most extensive catacombs, other than those at Rome , are...

catacomb

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The Oxford Dictionary of Architecture (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
212 words

... 1. Single subterranean crypt , gallery , or passage cut into and hollowed out of rock and lined with rectangular recesses ( loculi ) or arched niches ( arcosolia ) for the entombment of corpses. Catacomb is properly the name given to the public underground cemetery beneath the basilica of San Sebastiano , on the Via Appia , outside Rome, but may also relate to the atrium in front of an early church portico in which the dead were permitted to be buried. It is also used to describe any built basement used for the entombment of coffined...

Catacomb

Catacomb   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...of lowering a passage floor. Most catacombs were expanded according to need, and only a few, such as the catacomb of the Via Latina, were apparently conceived from the start as a formal arrangement of carefully excavated spaces. The Alexandrian catacomb at Kom el-Shuqafa, however, developed around a rotunda entrance and included a banqueting hall in its complex of underground chambers. Catacombs in the Roman tradition survive at Syracuse in Sicily and at Hadrumetum (now Sousse) in Tunisia. The most extensive catacombs, other than those at Rome, are in the...

Catacomb

Catacomb   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... A subterranean gallery for the burial of the dead, especially one of those at Rome. The origin of the name is unknown, but the cemetery under the basilica of St sebastian on the appian way was called the Catacumbas. This was perhaps a place-name which in the course of time came to be applied to similar cemeteries. Their extensive development in Rome took place in the 3rd and 4th centuries and was due to the spread of Christianity. At times they were used by the Christians for their meetings. They suffered much destruction from the goths and...

Priscilla, Catacomb of

Priscilla, Catacomb of   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
25 words

...Catacomb of , is as early as c .150, and the earliest Christian catacomb. It may have the earliest painting of the Annunciation . See catacombs...

Catacomb Grave Culture

Catacomb Grave Culture ([CP])   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
93 words

... Grave Culture ( Katakombnaja ) [CP] A major subdivision of the Bronze Age Kurgan Culture of southern Russia and the Ukrainian steppes that is characterized by the use of so‐called catacomb graves. Dating to the period c .2600–2200 bc , these are not catacombs in the Roman sense, but rather buried deposits in a niche cut into the side of a shaft excavated into the ground. Following the deposition of the corpse and associated grave goods the shaft was refilled and a round barrow ( kurgan ) built over the...

catacomb

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Fowler’s Concise Dictionary of Modern English Usage (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... . Now pronounced kat -uh-koom ; but kat -uh-kohm is heard in...

catacomb

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Fowler’s Dictionary of Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...catacomb . The dominant pronunciation in standard British English is now /ˈkatәkuːm/ . The older one, /-kәʊm/ , the only pronunciation given by Daniel Jones in 1917 , is now seldom heard in Britain but is customary in American English....

catacomb

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New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
138 words

... • abloom , assume, backroom, bloom, Blum, boom, broom, brume, combe, consume, doom, entomb, exhume, flume, foredoom, fume, gloom, groom, Hume, illume, inhume, Khartoum, khoum, loom, neume, perfume, plume, presume, resume, rheum, room, spume, subsume, tomb, vroom, whom, womb, zoom • catacomb • heirloom • broadloom • taproom • guardroom • staffroom • darkroom • classroom • bathroom • bedroom , headroom • legroom • restroom • dayroom , playroom • saleroom • stateroom • salesroom • tearoom • green room • sickroom • anteroom • bridegroom •...

catacomb

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The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

... an underground cemetery consisting of a subterranean gallery with recesses for tombs, as constructed by the ancient Romans. Recorded from Old English, the word comes from late Latin catumbas , the name of the subterranean cemetery under the Basilica of St Sebastian on the Appian Way near Rome, in or near which the relics of the apostles Peter and Paul were said to have been placed in the 3rd century. The term catacombs was subsequently given to other subterranean cemeteries in Rome (rediscovered in the late 16th century), especially as traditional...

catacomb

catacomb noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
81 words
catacomb

catacomb noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
83 words
catacomb

catacomb noun   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
55 words
catacomb

catacomb noun   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
138 words
catacomb

catacomb noun   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
138 words
catacomb

catacomb  

[MC]An underground cemetery comprising a complex of passageways, burial niches, and recessed chambers cut into the living rock. Established during imperial times in Rome, the catacombs later came to ...

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