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Overview

case study

A research method that engages in the close, detailed examination of a single example or phenomenon. In some instances, it may be a version of ideographic rather than nomothetic ...

Case-Case Study

Case-Case Study   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Epidemiology (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...Case-Case Study A type of Case-only study in which cases of a given disease with a specific characteristic are compared with other cases with the same disease but without the characteristic; the latter may be, for instance, an acquired (somatic) genetic alteration or an inherited genetic variant. The aim is to identify etiological or susceptibility factors specific to the subset of cases with the characteristic. 193 The design is also used in infectious disease epidemiology to detect different transmission ways between subtypes of one disease. 194...

case study

case study   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Journalism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
13 words

...case study An individual account used to illustrate a wider story or...

case study

case study   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
196 words

... study ( case-study method ) A research design that takes as its subject a single case or a few selected examples of a social entity—such as communities, social groups, employers, events, life-histories, families, work teams, roles, or relationships—and employs a variety of methods to study them. The criteria that inform the selection of the case or cases for a study are a crucial part of the research design and its theoretical rigour. Case studies include descriptive reports on typical, illustrative, or deviant examples; descriptions of good practice in...

case study

case study   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

... study The study of a single example of something for its own sake (e.g. the study of the life of a famous sportsperson) or as an exemplar or paradigm of a general...

case study

case study   Reference library

Dictionary of the Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
174 words

... study A research method that engages in the close, detailed examination of a single example or phenomenon. In some instances, it may be a version of ideographic rather than nomothetic investigation—seeking deep and thorough understanding of a phenomenon instead of general laws about classes of phenomena. In other instances, case studies are explicitly intended as part of comparative research, since some element of comparison is always implied, even in the consideration of single case. Advocates for the case-study approach argue that knowledge obtained...

case study

case study n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... study n. A research method involving a detailed investigation of a single individual or a single organized group, used extensively in clinical psychology and also, though less often, in other branches of the discipline. In case studies of organized groups, participant observation is often used. Also called a single-case design...

case study

case study   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Education (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Education
Length:
149 words

... study Although it has a number of meanings outside an educational context, a case study, in terms of teaching and learning, is a method of developing learners’ understanding by enabling them to engage actively with a problem or issue relevant to their studies. It presents an account or a scenario, either fictional or real, which allows the student to apply what they have learned and make sense of it in a realistic context. It may also encourage the student to draw on their own ideas, experience, and tacit knowledge . The case study is a method or...

case study

case study   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sports Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
69 words

... study A study of a single case justified by (i) the importance of the case itself (this can range from, say, an individual sporting biography to the consideration of the sporting culture or system of a single country) or (ii) the demonstrable representativeness or typicality of the case (such as a metropolitan professional sports team, or school sport in a school with a particularly dominant ethnic...

case study

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A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
129 words

... study The investigation of a specific site, community, or event as a means of understanding a wider issue, process or trend. By focusing on a particular case it can be studied in depth. Often, several interacting processes, institutions, or people are studied rather than just one or two. In general a range of different methods of data generation and analysis are used to build up a detailed understanding. Five different types of case study are used in geography: descriptive (an overview of the key elements); exploratory (to gather and analyse foundational...

case study

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A Dictionary of Dentistry (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Dentistry
Length:
37 words

... study n. Analysis of a person or a group with a particular disease or condition, describing characteristics of the disease or condition. They are often used to highlight new diseases or diseases encountered in new...

Case Study

Case Study   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Epidemiology (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...Case Study A detailed analysis of the occurrence, development, and outcome of a particular problem or innovation, often over a period of time. A detailed description of a concrete situation requiring ethical analysis, judgment, and—sometimes—action. 13 ...

case study

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A Dictionary of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...case study Detailed review of a particular client, group, condition, or situation which includes a thorough description of what happened, discussion of relevant theory and research evidence, critical reflection on what occurred, and key learning points for the future....

case study

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A Dictionary of Social Research Methods

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
108 words

...case study The detailed and intensive analysis of a single case in order to reveal its complexity. The case may be a single community, family, or institution or it may be a single event such as a public occasion or ritual. The case may be chosen because of its particular features which make it suitable to answer certain research questions or examine specific social processes. Alternatively a case may be selected because it exemplifies a broader category of which it is a member. This method is often criticized because its findings cannot be generalized, but...

case study

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A Dictionary of Business Research Methods

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
169 words

...the case in point: the intensive investigation of an individual firm might have findings that suggest themselves for testing in its particular industry or market. Moreover, while the essence of the case study is exploratory and descriptive this does not preclude the application of quantitative evaluations of differences or relationships among variables within the organization that might have general application beyond the case in point. See also sampling , inferential statistics , hypothesis...

case study

case study   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Public Health (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...case study An account of a person's health problem or of a problem situation that purports or aspires to be comprehensive and contains all the information needed to make a rational decision about the actions required to achieve an optimum outcome. It may provide the basis for a formal report, perhaps one intended for publication. ...

Case-Comparison Study

Case-Comparison Study   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Epidemiology (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...Case-Comparison Study A term considered a synonym for Case-control study in the past. ...

Case Study Houses

Case Study Houses   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
7 words

... Study Houses See photography, architectural ; steel...

Case History Study

Case History Study   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Epidemiology (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...Case History Study 1 . In clinical medicine, a Case report or a report on a Case series . 2 . A term considered a synonym for Case-control study in the past. 197 ...

Case-Only Study

Case-Only Study   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Epidemiology (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...Case-Only Study A type of study in which cases are the only subjects used to estimate or test hypotheses about effects (e.g., cases with the disease of interest); thus, it does not use an independent comparison group for reference. 1 , 9 , 24 , 57 Variants include the Case-case study , the Case-crossover study, case-specular designs and even Case series . 200 Under some assumptions, case-only designs may be used to assess gene-gene and Gene-environment interactions , and etiologic, diagnostic, and prognostic heterogeneity. ...

Case-Base Study

Case-Base Study   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Epidemiology (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...Case-Base Study A variant of the case-control study in which the controls are drawn from the same Study Base as the cases, regardless of their disease status. 1 , 192 Cases of the disease of interest are identified, and a sample of the entire base population (cases and noncases) forms the controls. This design provides for estimation of the Risk ratio or rate ratio without any rare disease assumption . Specific examples include the Case-cohort study and the Density Case-Control Study . ...

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